Part2 whowhatwhenwhere


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Part2 whowhatwhenwhere

  1. 1. Part  2:  Who,  What,  Where,  Why  Agenda: Who, What, Where, Why– 45 min- 1 hour Lunch: Please come back in 40 min Exercise – 30 min Group Discussion – 40 min Wrap-up - 10 min  
  2. 2. Where?  
  3. 3. Defining  the  Happiness  Ini8a8ve  Origins  in  Bhutan   •  and  indicators   •     9  domains  (not  work  experience)   •     All  domains  weighted  equally   •  indicators  weighted  higher  that  
  4. 4. Bhutan’s  GNH  report  2010  Psychological  wellbeing  
  5. 5. Bhutan’s  GNH  report  2010  Material  wellbeing  
  6. 6. Bhutan’s  GNH  report  2010  Environment  
  7. 7. Bhutan’s  GNH  report  2010  Sufficiency  rated  for  each  of  the  33  indicator  
  8. 8. Measuring  Happiness    Bhutan  
  9. 9. Policies  &  Alloca8on  of  Resources  1.  Natural   Environment  2.  Mindfulness  in   schools  3.  Democracy  
  10. 10. Brazil  –  Susan  Andrews    Youth  in  the  Community   Town  Mee.ngs  Wellbeing  Measurement   Youth  Development-­‐  Local  Government     Sustainability,  Conferences     Happiness  and  Love  
  11. 11. United  Kingdom  “To those who say thissounds like a distraction fromthe serious business ofgovernment, I say finding outwhat will improve lives andacting on it is the seriousbusiness of government."Well continue to measuregross domestic product. But itis high time we admitted that,taken on its own, GDP is anincomplete way of measuringa countrys progress.” –Prime Minister DavidCameron Surveyed 165,000 people between April 2011 and March 2012
  12. 12. Victoria  BC    
  13. 13. France  Sarkozy commissioned astudy by Joseph Stiglitzand Amartya Sen.The French NationalStatistics office included achapter on how tomeasure wellbeing in itsSocial Portrait of FranceReport.
  14. 14. China  The "Happiness Index",compiled by thePingdingshan CityStatistics Bureau (PCSB),comprises traditionalindicators such asdisposable residentialincome and the ratio ofexpenditure on science,education, culture, healthand sports.
  15. 15. The  Happiness  Index   take the survey:
  16. 16. Happiness  Report  Card  
  17. 17. What?  
  18. 18. A  new  economic   paradigm  (?)  UN  Resolu8on  Towards  a  Holis.c  Approach  to  Sustainable  Development  Key  issue/irresolvable  dilemma?    Growth  
  19. 19.  How  do  you  define  happiness?    The  10  Domains  of  Happiness  &  SWL  and  affect  
  20. 20. Defining  Happiness    Wellbeing  Sa.sfac.on  with  life  Sustainability  –  holis.cally            Areas  of  focus  in  Our  Common  Future,  1987  
  21. 21. Why  do  we  need  a  subjec8ve  measure?  •  Purpose •  government •  life•  Granularity •  defines issues•  Capture the unobservable - hurting or thriving •  “guide societies toward desirable futures” •  experimenting society •  Inclusivity •  people tune out objective data •  people are the data – personal assessment
  22. 22. •  Origins   The  Survey     •  Bhutan   •  San  Francisco  State  University  •  Commons  •  Methodology   •  Bhutan   •  Composite  of  major  wellbeing  surveys   •  Gathered  data   •  Set  scope  -­‐  comprehensive  and  efficient   •  Gathered  5  ques.ons  for  each  domain   with  highest  correla.on  to  wellbeing   •  Tested  for  validity   •  Ran  random  sample  of  US  popula.on  
  23. 23. The  Survey    •  What  is  a  Measure?  measures   •  Sa.sfac.on  with  life   •  Affect  –  and  emo.ons   •  Domain  sa.sfac.on                captures   •  Evalua.ons   •  Experiences   •  Time  use     •  Preferences   •  Needs  
  24. 24. •  Opt  In:       The  Survey     •  Dedicated  URL   •  Privacy  code:   •  Individuals   •  Organiza.ons   •  Data  analysis   •  Aggregate     •  Further  analysis  (report)     •  Con.nual  availability  online  for  use   •  Individual  profiles     •  Taking  ac.on  •  Outreach:   •  Languages  spoken  by  immigrants  and  refugees   •  Oromo,  Somali,  Spanish,  Vietnamese,  Tagalog   •  Bridges  and  partners  
  25. 25. The  Survey    •  Modifying  the  survey:     •  modules       •  12  -­‐  15  min  •  survey   •  Contract  with  Pollster   •  Survey  money  +   demographic  analysis   •  Conduct  your  own  –   how  to  guide    
  26. 26.  Indicators  Why  Indicators?  -­‐  A  balanced  picture  -­‐  and…..  Two  scenarios  •  measure  for  environment  high  •  GHG  emissions  trending  up,  solid  waste  increasing   •  Policies  &  Programs  may  not  be  successful  without   incen.ves,  educa.on  •  measure  for  environment  low  •  GHG  emissions  trending  up,  solid  waste  increasing   •  Greater  reliance  on  collabora.ons  and  partnerships   may  lead  to  higher  success  rates  
  27. 27.  Indicators  A  few  of  the  issues:  •  Number  of  indicators  •  Reliability     •  Data  collec.on  method  –  secondary,  primary,   partners   •  Timely  •  Relevance   •  Reflect  the  reality  of  users   •  Useful  to  user  –  policy,  CBO,  media…  •  Scalable    •  Consistency    
  28. 28.  Indicators  Material  Well-­‐being   Educa.on  -­‐  Poverty  Rate   -­‐  High  School  gradua.on  rates  -­‐  County  Gross  Domes.c  Product   -­‐  Government  spending  on  early   educa.on:  K-­‐8  Environmental  Quality  -­‐  Green  House  Gas  Emissions   Community  Vitality  -­‐  Air  Quality     -­‐  Volunteer  rates  -­‐  Solid  Waste   -­‐  Violent  Crime  rates  Governance   Cultural  Vitality  -­‐  Voter  turnout  as  a  percent  of   -­‐  Mul.-­‐racial  neighborhoods   eligible  voters   (gentrifica.on,  social  cohesion,  -­‐  Tax  fairness:  Income  tax  and   inclusiveness)   consump.on  taxes:  percent   -­‐Public  funding  of  arts  and  sports   of  total  taxes  paid  by  income   levels  
  29. 29.  Indicators  Psychological  Health   Time  Balance  -­‐  Domes.c  Violence  Rates  (child   -­‐  Commute  .me  (Mean   and  spouse)   Commute  Time)  -­‐  -­‐  Rates  of  mental  illness  per   -­‐  Work  Time  (extreme  working   1000  popula.ons  (issue  of   hours,  50  a  week  or  over,   undiagnosed,  of  changes  of   average  annual  hours  of   defini.on  in  DSM)   work,  vaca.on  days)  Human  Health   Work  Experience  -­‐  Health  Index  from  Mapping  of   -­‐  Unemployment  Rate   America  (  life  expectancy,  infant   -­‐  Average  Compensa.on   mortality  and  people  without   health  insurance)  -­‐  Obesity  
  30. 30.  Indicators  Methodology:   Review  of  leading  community  based  indicators                        Compile  indicators  to  domains                        Crowd  sourcing  for  relevance  and  fit                        Refined  by  team                        Advisory  commilee  feedback  Con.nual  improvement    Consistency  Partnership  –  GPI?  
  31. 31. Other  Indicators:  Genuine  Progress  Indicator  –  Redefining  Progress  SUBTRACT ADDResource Depletion Housework, Volunteering, andPollution Higher EducationLong-Term Environmental DamageCrime ADJUSTDefensive Expenditures - Income DistributionDependence on Foreign Assets Changes in Leisure Time - Lifespan of Consumer Durables & Public Infrastructure
  32. 32. Canadian  Index  of  Wellbeing  
  33. 33. Canadian  Index  of  Wellbeing  
  34. 34.  Indicators  To  gather  data  for  the  indicators  for  your  area:    •  Determine  indicators  for  your  area.  The   Happiness  provides  suggested  indicators.  Use   indicators  already  in  place  if  you  can  •  Determine  the  geographic  scope  that  you  want  to  gather   data  for.    •  Where  you  can,  collect  data  to  the  smallest  “grain”  (e.g.   neighborhoods,  city,  county)  that  you  can.    Then  collect   data  for  the  scope  you  have  determined.  •  If  no  data  is  available  for  your  region,  note  this  (rather  than   leaving  the  field  blank)  as  the  unavailability  of  data  is  
  35. 35.  Indicators  •  Who  Collects  Data:  team,  commilee,  intern,  grad   student,  college  class,  etc.    •  Colle8ng  Data:  data  can  take  a  great  deal  of   .me.  It  is  important  the  data  is  reliable.    If  you  can,  work   with  an  agency  that  is  already  data  or  a   university  or  college  so  you  know  the  data  you  provide  is   good  informa.on.      •  Objec8ve  Indicators  Advisory  CommiTee:  Convene  an  indicator  advisory  commilee  to  help  iden.fy   data  sources  and  review  your  data.  
  36. 36. Who?  
  37. 37. Lord  Layard  Economist  –  focus  on  happiness   economics    Founder  of  Ac.ons  for  Happiness  
  38. 38. Mar.n  Seligman  Psychology      v.  behavorism  &   DMS  focus  on  what   is  wrong  Authen.c  Happiness        publica.on  U  of  Penn    Director  of   Psychology  Center  Mul.ple  Surveys    
  39. 39. Jeffrey  Sacks  Economist,  Author,  Advisor  to   Governments    Director  of  Earth  Ins.tute  for   Colombia  University  –  SD   advocate  at  Special  Advisor  to  Sec  Gen  Ban-­‐   Moon  for  MDG  2002-­‐2006  Director  of  UN   Millennium  Project  worked   on  MDG  Goals  
  40. 40. Ed  Diener  -­‐    Psychologist                “Dr.    Happiness”    Gallup              Money  and  Happiness  SWL  Scale                (in  our  survey)  Research              Community    
  41. 41. John  Helliwell      Economist  –  UBC  OECD  –  Trust  and  Wellbeing  Happiness  –  Community  and   Trust    World  Happiness  Report  
  42. 42. Other  Surveys  Gallup  Healthways  Poll  
  43. 43. Other  Surveys  OECD  Beler  Life  Index    
  44. 44. Other  Surveys  World  Values  Survey  
  45. 45. Other  Surveys  European  Social  Survey  
  46. 46. The  Happiness  Movement:  thought     Industry  Life  stage    
  47. 47. The  Happiness  Movement:  thought    
  48. 48. Why?  
  49. 49. Exercise  Exercise:    The  Why:  What  came  up  for  you  in  this  presenta.on?  What  seemed  important?  What  is  confusing?  What  needs  to  be  communicated?  What  needs  to  happen  in  the  movement?  Form  groups  of  3  or  4,  go  in  round  robin  Assign  note  take  and    assign  spokesperson  Decide  together  on  1  or  2  points  to  share  (don’t  worry  if  you  miss  important  points,  other  groups  will  have  them)  Back  in  group;  spokesperson  tell  the  1  or  2  points  to  share  (only  spokesperson  talks)    note:  many  resources  in  your  packet    note  taker  will  share  points