Policies & Alloca8on of Resources 1. Natural Environment 2. Mindfulness in schools 3. Democracy
Brazil – Susan Andrews Youth in the Community Town Mee.ngs Wellbeing Measurement Youth Development-‐ Local Government Sustainability, Conferences Happiness and Love
United Kingdom “To those who say thissounds like a distraction fromthe serious business ofgovernment, I say finding outwhat will improve lives andacting on it is the seriousbusiness of government."Well continue to measuregross domestic product. But itis high time we admitted that,taken on its own, GDP is anincomplete way of measuringa countrys progress.” –Prime Minister DavidCameron Surveyed 165,000 people between April 2011 and March 2012
France Sarkozy commissioned astudy by Joseph Stiglitzand Amartya Sen.The French NationalStatistics office included achapter on how tomeasure wellbeing in itsSocial Portrait of FranceReport.
China The "Happiness Index",compiled by thePingdingshan CityStatistics Bureau (PCSB),comprises traditionalindicators such asdisposable residentialincome and the ratio ofexpenditure on science,education, culture, healthand sports.
The Happiness Index take the survey:http://happycounts.org/survey/GNH-es
A new economic paradigm (?) UN Resolu8on Towards a Holis.c Approach to Sustainable Development Key issue/irresolvable dilemma? Growth
How do you deﬁne happiness? The 10 Domains of Happiness & SWL and aﬀect
Deﬁning Happiness Wellbeing Sa.sfac.on with life Sustainability – holis.cally Areas of focus in Our Common Future, 1987
Why do we need a subjec8ve measure? • Purpose • government • life• Granularity • defines issues• Capture the unobservable - hurting or thriving • “guide societies toward desirable futures” • experimenting society • Inclusivity • people tune out objective data • people are the data – personal assessment
• Origins The Survey • Bhutan • San Francisco State University • Crea.ve Commons • Methodology • Bhutan • Composite of major wellbeing surveys • Gathered data • Set scope -‐ comprehensive and eﬃcient • Gathered 5 ques.ons for each domain with highest correla.on to wellbeing • Tested for validity • Ran random sample of US popula.on
The Survey • What is a Subjec.ve Measure? measures • Sa.sfac.on with life • Aﬀect – posi.ve and nega.ve emo.ons • Domain sa.sfac.on captures • Evalua.ons • Experiences • Time use • Preferences • Needs
• Opt In: The Survey • Dedicated URL • Privacy code: • Individuals • Organiza.ons • Data analysis • Aggregate • Further analysis (report) • Con.nual availability online for use • Individual proﬁles • Taking ac.on • Outreach: • Languages spoken by immigrants and refugees • Oromo, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese, Tagalog • Bridges and partners
The Survey • Modifying the survey: • modules • 12 -‐ 15 min • Representa.ve survey • Contract with Pollster • Survey money + demographic analysis • Conduct your own – how to guide
Objec.ve Indicators Why Objec.ve Indicators? -‐ A balanced picture -‐ and….. Two scenarios • Subjec.ve measure for environment high • GHG emissions trending up, solid waste increasing • Policies & Programs may not be successful without incen.ves, educa.on • Subjec.ve measure for environment low • GHG emissions trending up, solid waste increasing • Greater reliance on collabora.ons and partnerships may lead to higher success rates
Objec.ve Indicators A few of the issues: • Number of indicators • Reliability • Data collec.on method – secondary, primary, partners • Timely • Relevance • Reﬂect the reality of users • Useful to user – policy, CBO, media… • Scalable • Consistency
Objec.ve Indicators Material Well-‐being Educa.on -‐ Poverty Rate -‐ High School gradua.on rates -‐ County Gross Domes.c Product -‐ Government spending on early educa.on: K-‐8 Environmental Quality -‐ Green House Gas Emissions Community Vitality -‐ Air Quality -‐ Volunteer rates -‐ Solid Waste -‐ Violent Crime rates Governance Cultural Vitality -‐ Voter turnout as a percent of -‐ Mul.-‐racial neighborhoods eligible voters (gentriﬁca.on, social cohesion, -‐ Tax fairness: Income tax and inclusiveness) consump.on taxes: percent -‐Public funding of arts and sports of total taxes paid by income levels
Objec.ve Indicators Psychological Health Time Balance -‐ Domes.c Violence Rates (child -‐ Commute .me (Mean and spouse) Commute Time) -‐ -‐ Rates of mental illness per -‐ Work Time (extreme working 1000 popula.ons (issue of hours, 50 a week or over, undiagnosed, of changes of average annual hours of deﬁni.on in DSM) work, vaca.on days) Human Health Work Experience -‐ Health Index from Mapping of -‐ Unemployment Rate America ( life expectancy, infant -‐ Average Compensa.on mortality and people without health insurance) -‐ Obesity
Objec.ve Indicators Methodology: Review of leading community based objec.ve indicators Compile indicators to domains Crowd sourcing for relevance and ﬁt Reﬁned by team Advisory commilee feedback Con.nual improvement Consistency Partnership – GPI?
Other Objec.ve Indicators: Genuine Progress Indicator – Redeﬁning Progress SUBTRACT ADDResource Depletion Housework, Volunteering, andPollution Higher EducationLong-Term Environmental DamageCrime ADJUSTDefensive Expenditures - Income DistributionDependence on Foreign Assets Changes in Leisure Time - Lifespan of Consumer Durables & Public Infrastructure
Canadian Index of Wellbeing ciw.ca/en/TheCanadianIndexOfWellbeing.html
Canadian Index of Wellbeing ciw.ca/en/TheCanadianIndexOfWellbeing.html
Objec.ve Indicators To gather data for the objec.ve indicators for your area: • Determine objec.ve indicators for your area. The Happiness Ini.a.ve provides suggested indicators. Use indicators already in place if you can • Determine the geographic scope that you want to gather data for. • Where you can, collect data to the smallest “grain” (e.g. neighborhoods, city, county) that you can. Then collect data for the scope you have determined. • If no data is available for your region, note this (rather than leaving the ﬁeld blank) as the unavailability of data is informa.ve
Objec.ve Indicators • Who Collects Data: team, commilee, intern, grad student, college class, etc. • Colle8ng Data: Collec.ng data can take a great deal of .me. It is important the data is reliable. If you can, work with an agency that is already collec.ng data or a university or college so you know the data you provide is good informa.on. • Objec8ve Indicators Advisory CommiTee: Convene an objec.ve indicator advisory commilee to help iden.fy data sources and review your data.
Lord Layard Bri.sh Economist – focus on happiness economics Founder of Ac.ons for Happiness
Mar.n Seligman Posi.ve Psychology v. behavorism & DMS focus on what is wrong Authen.c Happiness publica.on U of Penn Director of Posi.ve Psychology Center Mul.ple Surveys
Jeﬀrey Sacks Economist, Author, Advisor to Governments Director of Earth Ins.tute for Colombia University – SD advocate at Universi.es Special Advisor to Sec Gen Ban-‐ Moon for MDG 2002-‐2006 Director of UN Millennium Project worked on MDG Goals
Ed Diener -‐ Psychologist “Dr. Happiness” Gallup Money and Happiness SWL Scale (in our survey) Research Community
John Helliwell Economist – UBC OECD – Trust and Wellbeing Happiness – Community and Trust World Happiness Report
Exercise Exercise: The Why: What came up for you in this presenta.on? What seemed important? What is confusing? What needs to be communicated? What needs to happen in the movement? Form groups of 3 or 4, go in round robin Assign note take and assign spokesperson Decide together on 1 or 2 points to share (don’t worry if you miss important points, other groups will have them) Back in group; spokesperson tell the 1 or 2 points to share (only spokesperson talks) note: many resources in your packet note taker will share points