The Japan Tsunami


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The Japan Tsunami

  1. 1. The Japan Tsunami... What it caused...
  2. 2. What is a Tsunami?• A Tsunami is a chain of quick moving waves.• A Tsunami is produced when two of the world’s plates slip away from each other triggering an Earthquake.• The Earthquake triggers the sea and a Tsunami Wave is produced.
  3. 3. Why did it happen? It was the most powerful... EARTHQUAKE Japanese History!• The tremors were the result of a violent uplift of the sea floor 80 miles off the coast of Sendai, where the Pacific plate slides beneath the plate Japan sits on.• Tens of miles of crust shook along the trench where the plates meet.• The earthquake occurred at the relatively shallow depth of 15 miles, meaning much of its energy was released at the seafloor.
  4. 4. KamaishiThe Earthquake started at2:59pm which then triggered theTsunami.The Tsunami hit Kamaishi at3:12PM on the 11th of March2011.
  5. 5. Kamaishi• Kamaishi or 釜石市 as said in Japanese is a small, historic city located on the Sanriku Rias coast of Iwate, Japan.• The decision has been taken to rebuild the breakwater at a cost of over 650 million dollars. The plan has been criticised as a waste of money that aims to protect an area of rapidly declining population with technology that is a proven failure.
  6. 6. OfunatoThe Earthquake started at around 3:07PM on the 12th of March...Then the Tsunami hit at 3:19pm and disaster struck...The flood defences of Ofunato were built after the 22nd May 1960’snatural disaster in Chile......But they had no idea what the future of Kamaishi held in store...yet...
  7. 7. Ofunato• Ofunato is situated fairly close to an undersea volcano, and suffers from frequent earthquakes of various scales.• Ofunato hit the headlines when it was heavily damaged in the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.• The wave is estimated to have reached almost 24 meters in height.• Provisional counts listed 3,498 houses out of 15,138 houses in the town were destroyed by the tsunami and 305 lives were confirmed lost.• At least six of the towns 58 designated evacuation sites were inundated by the tsunami.
  8. 8. Kessenuma• The Earthquake in Kessenuma began at around 3:08pm...• The Tsunami then began at 3:28pm...
  9. 9. Kessenuma• Kessenuma or 気仙沼市 in Japanese is a city located in the extreme northeast of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan• On March 11, 2011, large parts of the city were destroyed by the tsunami which followed the Tōhoku earthquake.• The island of Oshima and its 3,000 residents, included in the city limits, were isolated by the tsunami which damaged the ferry connections.• After the tsunami, spilled fuel from the towns fishing fleet caught fire and burned for four days.• As of 22 April 2011, the city had confirmed 837 deaths with 1,196 missing.
  10. 10. Rikuzentakata• Rikuzentakata or 陸前高田市 in Japanese is a city in Iwate, Japan.• The City has a very broad and vulnerable coastal plain.• The city had a population of 23,302 before the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami caused extensive damage to the city, now it is still an unknown number...• Rikuzentakata has not been rebuilt as the site of the town has completely vanished....?• 80 people died in an unstable gym but they saved the lives of 3 seniors, 2 little boys and 4 little girls...
  11. 11. • Tagajō or 多賀城市 in Japanese, is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.• As of 2010, the city has an estimated population of 63,256• The town was again seriously affected by the tsunami caused by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake.• As of 7 April 2011, 177 people were known dead, with 15 people still missing.• 1,811 people are living in shelters.
  12. 12. Each by Each...• Each town or city that suffered in the 2011 natural disaster all had different futures.....1. Kamaishi was rebuilt...2. Ofunato wasn’t rebuilt.....3. Kessenuma wasn’t rebuilt.....4. Rikuzentakata wasn’t even found.....5. Tagajo was rebuilt.....
  13. 13. What was left....?• The extent of damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami were enormous, with most of the damage being caused by the tsunami.• Video footage of the towns that were worst affected shows little more than piles of rubble, with almost no parts of any structures left standing.
  14. 14. The Effects....?• The effects of the earthquake and tsunami included both a human life crisis and a major economic impact.• The tsunami ended in over 300,000 wrongly placed people in the Tōhoku area, and shortages of food, water, shelter, medicine and fuel for survivors.
  15. 15. The End!• Here are some pictures of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami• (PLEASE NOTE: MAY CAUSE DISTRESS.)