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Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning

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Today, people are expecting more from their neighborhood. The places people choose to live must provide opportunity, connection, walkability, recreation, amenity and a high quality of life. Many planning, development and community health efforts have recognized the need for a more holistic approach to neighborhood planning. The Cecil Group approaches this through Complete Neighborhoods, 20-minute Living, Livability, and Sustainable Community Health. Discover what truly makes a neighborhood complete from a planning, development and community health perspective and learn how to refocus efforts enhancing residential environments to both contribute to the broader context of cities and towns and to provide new opportunities for mixed-use, walkable and compact places.

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Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning

  1. 1. 1Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future1 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning June 26, 2015
  2. 2. 2Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future2 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Panelists • Josh Fiala AIA AICP LEED AP, Associate, The Cecil Group • Dr. Justeen Hyde PhD, Director of Research and Evaluation, Institute for Community Health • Gayle Epp, Partner, EJP Consulting Group Session and Panelist Introduction Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning
  3. 3. 3Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” This presentation will outline the Complete Neighborhoods approach to community building, provide a review of current best practices. The learning objectives for the session include: 1. Participants will be able to define the objectives and goals of a Complete Neighborhoods approach to community building. 2. Participants will be able to describe the existing programs and practices that are consistent with the goals of Complete Neighborhoods. 3. Participants will be able to identify the relationship between community needs and creation of a Complete Neighborhoods plan, using panelist case studies as an example. Learning Objectives
  4. 4. 4Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future4 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” 1. Complete Neighborhoods – What does it mean? What is the context? 2. Community Health and Complete Neighborhoods 3. Choice Neighborhoods and Public Sector Approaches 4. Complete Neighborhoods and Private Sector Approaches 5. Interactive Exercise – Building a Complete Neighborhood 6. Open Q&A and Wrap-up Session Agenda
  5. 5. 5Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future5 Complete Neighborhoods: What does it mean? What’s the context? Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods”
  6. 6. 6Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future6 • Overcrowding and industrial revolution cause focus on space, order and landscape • Sir Patrick Geddes, Ebenezer Howard, Garden Cities of To-morrow (1898) • Utopian city living in harmony with nature • The origin of suburban neighborhood patterns and ideal Evolution of Neighborhood Planning Image Source: Wikipedia
  7. 7. 7Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future7 • Clarence Perry (1923) • Neighborhood Unit Formula • Consistent neighborhood components • Centered on the school • Radburn, New Jersey (1929) • Separate traffic by mode • Schools at neighborhood center Image Source: Wikipedia – New York Regional Survey, 1929 Evolution of Neighborhood Planning
  8. 8. 8Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future8 • New urbanism – traditional, compact and walkable places • Demographic and market shifts toward city neighborhoods • Connections to range of uses, housing and jobs • Choice Neighborhoods, LEED ND as examples of holistic planning Image Source: Wikimedia Commons Evolution of Neighborhood Planning
  9. 9. 9Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future9 Complete Streets Image Source: Boston Transportation Department • The new Boston Complete Streets approach puts pedestrians, bicyclists and transit users on equal footing with motor-vehicle drivers. The initiative aims to improve the quality of life in Boston by creating streets that are both great public spaces and sustainable transportation networks. It embraces innovation to address climate change and promote healthy living. The objective is to ensure Boston's streets are multimodal, green and smart.
  10. 10. 10Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future10 Complete Neighborhoods • Working Definition: Complete Neighborhoods are places where all types of resident needs and business needs for work, living, gathering, recreation and health can be met within a comfortable walking distance. A complete neighborhood is diverse, healthy and prosperous and includes: Image Source: Local Initiatives Support Corporation • Neighborhood Center • Orientation to Transit • Walkability • Density • Mixed-uses • Mixed-incomes
  11. 11. 11Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future11 • Portland Plan (April 2012) - Portland, Oregon • 20-Minute Neighborhoods – “An area where residents have safe and convenient access to goods and services they need on a daily or regular basis. This includes a range of housing options, grocery stores and other neighborhood-serving commercial services; quality public schools; public open spaces and recreational facilities; and access to frequent transit. In a complete neighborhood, the network of streets and sidewalks is interconnected, which makes walking and bicycling to these places safe and relatively easy for people of all ages and abilities.” Source: Portland Plan (April 2012) Other Examples and References Image Source: www.buildabetterburg.org
  12. 12. 12Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future12 • Portland Plan (April 2012) – • 20-minute neighborhoods • Gerding Edlen – 20-minute living • AARP Livability Index • Walkscore • Blog at: www.completeneighborhoods.org • Articles at: • www.communitybuilders.net • www.theatlantic.com Image Source: www.communitybuilders.net Other Examples and References
  13. 13. 13Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future13 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Complete Neighborhoods: Community Health and Complete Neighborhoods
  14. 14. 14Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Justeen Hyde, Ranjani Paradise, Reann Gibson, Shirma Pierre, Michelle Keenan Community Engagement Games: A Strategy for Expanding Local Stakeholders in Community Health Planning Processes
  15. 15. 15Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Place Matters Environment SocietyEconomy Healthy Communities Livable natural & built environment Equitable social environment Viable economic development
  16. 16. 16Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Improved Community Health Understanding (Data & Experience) Data driven priorities Strategic decisions Smart investments Growing demand for community input
  17. 17. 17Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Central Challenge of Community Health Needs Assessments Same people tapped over and over again Same people show up for focus groups and community meetings
  18. 18. 18Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future An Experiment in More Inclusive Participation Brigham and Women’s Hospital • Completed 2 prior community health needs assessments (2012 and 2013) • Identified key issues in 5 priority neighborhoods of Boston • Interest in improving community health through grant-making program – Funding from a Determination of Need process
  19. 19. 19Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Our Goal: Engage Residents in Process to Prioritize Community Health Needs Community mental health Violence prevention Chronic disease prevention Healthy aging Improved birth outcomes Youth & Workforce development Racial Equity Top Priorities
  20. 20. 20Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future
  21. 21. 21Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Three one-week missions
  22. 22. 22Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future
  23. 23. 23Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Answer challenge questions to earn coins: multiple choice
  24. 24. 24Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Answer challenge questions to earn coins: open ended
  25. 25. 25Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Answer challenge questions to earn coins: trivia
  26. 26. 26Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Compete to earn the most coins
  27. 27. 27Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Pledge coins to causes
  28. 28. 28Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Top three causes selected by players Win $$$
  29. 29. 29Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Game Players 889 • Registered for the game 488 • Played the game 8,000+ • Comments and ideas shared 3 • Projects (or “causes”) were selected by players to help improve the health of your neighborhood
  30. 30. 30Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Who Played? 25% 56% 19% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 24 and Under 25-54 55 and Older Gender 74% 26% Female Male 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Age
  31. 31. 31Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Who Played? 3% 2% 6% 15% 30% 45% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Other Multi-Racial Asian Hispanic African American/Black White/Caucasian
  32. 32. 32Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Who Played? 56% 15% 29% Priority neighborhood resident Non-resident of priority neighborhoods 30% Dorchester 24% Jamaica Plain 20% Roxbury 18% Mattapan 60% reported no prior involvement in a community planning process
  33. 33. 33Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future What is one thing about your health you would like to improve? Physical Fitness Healthy Eating Manage Mental Health and Stress Manage Health Conditions Sleep Financial Stability
  34. 34. 34Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future What would make your neighborhood a healthier place for you and your family? Economic Developm ent Improved Public Transportati on Improved Safety Opportunities for Social Connection Opportunities for Physical Activity Improvements in the Built Environment Access to Healthy Food
  35. 35. 35Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future What would make the City of Boston a healthier place to live? Improve Educational Opportunities Quality Affordable Housing Improved Public Transportation Community Connections Improvements in the Built Environment Safer Communities Economic Opportunities
  36. 36. 36Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future What would make the City of Boston a healthier place to live? Investments in grassroots organizations Resources for Poor & Homeless Families Access to Healthy Foods Improve Public Education Quality Affordable HousingImproved Public Transportation Cleaner, Safer Streets Community Connections More Green Space Safer Communities Economic Opportunities
  37. 37. 37Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Players’ Priority Areas • Community mental health • Violence prevention • Chronic disease prevention • Health aging • Improved birth outcomes • Youth and Workforce development • Racial Equity Youth and Workforce Development Community Mental Health Chronic Disease Prevention R a c I a l E q u i T y
  38. 38. 38Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future38 Example: Chronic Disease Prevention
  39. 39. 39Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future39 Example: Mental Health
  40. 40. 40Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Lessons Learned - Challenges • Time – Many collaborating partners – Many moving parts • Game platform and structure of game play was relatively fixed • Marketing of the game was challenging – Unusual, abstract idea until you play • Game was not successful in engaging certain groups of people
  41. 41. 41Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Benefits on On-line Game Technologies • Exciting, innovative way for gathering community input • Attracted people who do not usually take part in community health planning processes • Game accessible on computers, tablets, and smart phones • Player contributions have relevance and use beyond this particular planning process • New ability to communicate with people to keep them updated on the project
  42. 42. 42Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Thank you! View the game: http://communityplanit.org/healthmatters For additional questions: Justeen Hyde jhyde@challiance.org
  43. 43. 43Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future43 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Choice Neighborhoods: Public Sector Approaches to Complete Neighborhoods
  44. 44. 44Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future HUD’s Complete Neighborhoods Program: Choice Neighborhoods Initiative Gayle Epp, EJP Consulting Group June 26, 2015 44
  45. 45. 45Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future A Little History: HOPE VI • HUD has 15+ years experience developing mixed-income housing which leads to neighborhood revitalization • Since 1996, awarded $6.3 billion to develop housing in 262 neighborhoods • Produced 111,059 new and rehabbed units of which 50% served public housing-assisted families • Key outcomes: – Quality, ‘green’ housing – Residents’ quality of life improved – Built development capacity of PHAs and their partners – Neighborhood conditions improved
  46. 46. 46Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Choice Neighborhoods Initiative • HUD initiative that focuses on the comprehensive transformation of distressed housing, residents and the surrounding neighborhood • Key requirements:  One-for-one replacement  Mixed-income community  Residents right of return  Comprehensive network of services  Improved educational outcomes for all ages  Resident and community engagement  Experienced partners to ensure timely and effective implementation  Goal: Long-term sustainability
  47. 47. 47Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future CNI: 3 Core Goals • Housing: Transform distressed public and assisted housing into energy efficient, mixed- income housing that is physically and financially viable over the long-term • People: Support positive outcomes for families in the targeted development and neighborhood, particularly outcomes related to health, safety, employment, and education • Neighborhoods: Transform neighborhoods of poverty into viable, mixed-income neighborhoods with access to well-functioning services, schools and education programs, public assets, public transportation and improved access to jobs
  48. 48. 48Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future  2010 CN Planning Grant (2 years) • Undertake detailed needs assessments • Establish vision, goals and objectives for: Neighborhood, Housing, People, Education • Develop strategies (research-based) and identify partners to address prioritized needs • Prepare implementation plan: what, how, when, partners and resources  2013 CN Implementation Grant award (6 years)
  49. 49. 49Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future South Norwalk Neighborhood
  50. 50. 50Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Rebuild public park; acquire small MF properties for reuse as affordable housing; historic street lighting Replace 136 public housing units with 237 units: 50% public housing; 25% LIHTC; 25% market; city- donated land Case management and relocation counselors; education coordinator working in public schools; rich services network Neighborhood Housing People/ Education Coordination (CN office for all staff) and Transparency (annual public data summit)
  51. 51. 51Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future PEOPLE Initiatives Vision for People: Create opportunities for families to increase economic self-sufficiency and thrive • Individualized case management system coordinated with existing service providers • Employment, training and asset building opportunities through a robust Sec 3 and other workforce programs • Health and wellness programs • Education and developmental programs for children from cradle to college/career
  52. 52. 52Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future52
  53. 53. 53Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Housing Program 53 Income Mix Income Target Unit Type No. % AMI* Public Housing 136 50% 0% - 50% AMI Tax Credit 67 25% 50% - 60% AMI Market-rate units 70 25% unrestricted Total 273 100% *2014 Area Median Income for Norwalk is $125,100 (Family of Four) Proposed Units • Resource Center and Tenant Amenity Space
  54. 54. 54Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future On- and Off-site Housing Vacant city lots Washington Village S. Norwalk Train Station SONO
  55. 55. 55Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future South Norwalk Neighborhoo d Vision for Neighborhood: Capitalize upon the assets of the neighborhood to transform it into a socially and economically diverse community of choice
  56. 56. 56Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future56
  57. 57. 57Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future • Steering Committee • Surveys ⁻ Targeted housing residents ⁻ Neighborhood residents • Task Forces (topic specific) • Focus groups • Housing residents meetings (capacity building; relocation) • Youth engagement (photo exhibit) • Community-wide information fairs/design charrettes • Public hearings • Dissemination: websites, newsletters, social media Community Engagement Methods
  58. 58. 58Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future
  59. 59. 59Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future59
  60. 60. 60Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Selected NEIGHBORHOOD Outcomes Storm-resilient approaches implemented for all new development  Reduction in Part I violent crime rate per 1,000 residents  Increase in percentage of residents who report feeling safe in their neighborhood  Sustainability of Neighborhood Crime Watch  Increase number of affordable housing opportunities  Improve unemployment rate for South Norwalk residents  Increase median family income in South Norwalk  Increase in number of business permits issued  Increase in value of building improvements  Reduction in retail/commercial vacancy rates  Increase in retail/commercial sales
  61. 61. 61Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future61 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Complete Neighborhoods: Private Sector Approaches
  62. 62. 62Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future Boston – A City of Neighborhoods • Appropriate context for exploring the structure of neighborhoods • Compactness and walkability is common among all neighborhoods • Unique characteristic of Boston relative to other cities
  63. 63. 63Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future63 Fairmount Indigo Transit Corridor • 9.2 mile MBTA Commuter Rail • Travels through Roxbury, Dorchester, Mattapan and Hyde Park • 122,000 people within ½ mile walk of stops between Newmarket and Readville • 1/6th of the population of the City of Boston
  64. 64. 64Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future64 Newmarket Station – Open Fairmount Indigo Corridor Image Source: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
  65. 65. 65Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future65 Four Corners/Geneva Station – Open Fairmount Indigo Corridor Image Source: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
  66. 66. 66Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future66 Talbot Avenue Station – Open Fairmount Indigo Corridor Image Source: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
  67. 67. 67Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future67
  68. 68. 68Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future68 Fairmount Indigo Neighborhoods • An extensive and ongoing process with many partners: • City of Boston (BRA, DND, BTD, PWD) • Metropolitan Area Planning Council • The Boston Foundation • The Garfield Foundation • Fairmount Indigo CDC Collaborative • Community Development Corporations • Choice Neighborhoods Initiative • (6) Main Streets Organizations • Many others ….
  69. 69. 69Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future69 CorridorCity Context Station Areas • Guide physical and economic development • Encourage sustainable growth and transit-oriented development (TOD) • Limit displacement of existing residents and businesses • Incorporate existing planning initiatives (City-led and Community-based) into one vision for the future Fairmount Indigo Planning Initiative
  70. 70. 70Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future70 Complete Neighborhoods • Topic Areas established to plan for Complete Neighborhoods • Prosperity • Home • Place • Getting Around • Parks and Public Space • Quality of Life • Informed by the planning process and community involvement, origins in the idea of an “urban village”
  71. 71. 71Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future71 Land Use Connecting Transit Public Amenities Fairmount Indigo Corridor
  72. 72. 72Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future72 Median Income Residential Density Open Space Fairmount Indigo Corridor
  73. 73. 73Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future73 Prosperity Image Source: Upham’s Corner Station Area Plan • Neighborhood planning explore redevelopment opportunities Image Source: Upham’s Corner Main Street • Main Street districts - local-serving and neighborhood destination • Community-led business district planning
  74. 74. 74Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future74 Prosperity Image Source: Cropcircle Kitchen (cckpearl.squarespace.com) • Building opportunity, wealth creation and entrepreneurship in the neighborhood • Pearl Food Production Facility, Dorchester Bay EDC and Cropcircle Kitchen (36k SF) • Local resident and artist participation
  75. 75. 75Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future75 Housing Image Source: Fairmount Collaborative, CSNDC • Infill redevelopment, community development corporations • City disposition of land – Department of Neighborhood Development • Sustainable real estate development, LEED Neighborhood Development (ND) • Mixed-use with affordable rental units • Housing displacement prevention
  76. 76. 76Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future76 Place Image Source: “Do you see yourself in Upham’s Corner?” A Case Study of Belonging, Dis-Belonging and the Upham’s Corner ArtPlace Initiative • ArtPlace – creative placemaking • Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative (DSNI), The Boston Foundation (TBF) • “Public Kitchen” brings passer-by together • Public art commission – the UpTruck
  77. 77. 77Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future77 Getting Around Image Source: MyDorchester.org, Mattapan Food & Fitness CoalitionImage Source: Boston.com • “Mobility Hubs” - transit connections, multi-modal considerations • Overall Boston has a Walk Score of 80 (out of 100) • Most errands can be accomplished on foot • Walkable amenities, parks and services • Streetscape, public realm and walkability investments • City of Boston, Public Works
  78. 78. 78Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future78 Parks and Public Space Image Source: Wikimedia Commons Image Source: City Growers, Boston.com • Creative use of open space • Public art programs, Pop-up events and programs • Activation of vacant lots • Fairmount Greenway connections, Urban agriculture
  79. 79. 79Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future79 Quality of Life Image Source: Metal Sales • Services and convenience • Gathering and community space • Art and gallery space
  80. 80. 80Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future80 Station Gateways = Amenity Centers with Placemaking Components  Education/training place and programs  Health care facilities and programs  Convenient service establishments  Mobility hubs  Food choice and quality  Open space amenities  Housing choice Quality of Life
  81. 81. 81Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future81 Quality of Life Image Source: Boston.com, Dorchester Reporter • Community Health Centers • Branch bank, pharmacy, health services, community rooms, recreation centers • Public/private partnerships with many partners Image Source: Upham’s Corner News
  82. 82. 82Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future82 Complete Neighborhoods • Connecting the Fairmount Indigo Corridor as a series of linked neighborhoods and assets • Representative of a continuum evolving toward becoming Complete Neighborhoods • Understanding the consistencies and diversity of the places is critical in filling the gaps • Not an evolution toward homogeneity
  83. 83. 83Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future83 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Interactive Exercise: Building a Complete Neighborhood
  84. 84. 84Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future84 Exercise: Building a Complete Neighborhood • Quick, small group discussion • Consider your neighborhood role • From the perspective of your role: What would make your neighborhood more complete?
  85. 85. 85Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future85 Exercise: Building a Complete Neighborhood • Neighborhood context: CONTEXT 1: • Established neighborhood • More urban context • Some historic homes • Some uses other than residential • Diverse community CONTEXT 2: • Newer neighborhood • Suburban context • Relatively new construction • Predominantly residential • Somewhat diverse community
  86. 86. 86Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future86 Image Source: Arlington Magazine, Ellen Byrne “10 Great Neighborhoods” Open Discussion: Q&A and Wrap-up
  87. 87. 87Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future87 Image Source: Local Initiatives Support Corporation Closing: Complete Neighborhoods • Working Definition: Complete Neighborhoods are places where resident and business needs for work, living, gathering, recreation and health can be met within a comfortable walking distance. A complete neighborhood is diverse, healthy and prosperous and includes: • Neighborhood Center • Orientation to Transit • Walkability • Density • Mixed-uses • Mixed-incomes
  88. 88. 88Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future88 Closing: Complete Neighborhoods Image Source: Boston.com • Role of planning in continuing the evolution to complete neighborhoods • Many viewpoints, dimensions and partners • Complete neighborhoods require comprehensive involvement, activity and participation and a holistic approach • Private, public, resident, business, visitor
  89. 89. 89Complete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the FutureComplete Neighborhoods: Exploring Holistic Community Planning | APA Northeast Regional Conference Getting Ahead of the Future89 Image Source: Wikimedia Commons Closing: Complete Neighborhoods • Evolution to Complete Neighborhoods is: • Comprehensive • Incremental • Transformational

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