Situational awareness


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Sallisaw Public Schools
Professional Development 2013

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  • Columbine, Newtown, Midland City, What’s Next?
  • Situational awareness

    1. 1. Looking is Not the Same as Seeing Situational Awareness (SA) &Situational Awareness (SA) & Active Shooter Response TrainingActive Shooter Response Training Casey Eubanks Sallisaw Public Schools Professional Development 5 Aug 2013
    2. 2.  Video  My Background  Situational Awareness  Exercise  “Run, Hide, Fight” Video  Profile of an Active Shooter  Indicators of Potential Violence  Course of Action  LEO Response  Prevention  Summary  References
    3. 3. Awareness TestAwareness Test
    4. 4. BackgroundBackground Sallisaw Public Schools since 2006 Arkansas Air National Guard since 1999 ◦ Intel Officer ◦ Multiple Deployments ◦ Vast amounts of training on SA
    5. 5.
    6. 6.  Shootings can occur anytime, anywhere, to anyone  Unlike any situation ever experienced  Bottom Line: You need to take direct responsibility for your personal safety and security  Survival Mindset is a protective shield  Comprised of three components: Awareness, Preparation, and Rehearsal
    7. 7. Survival Mindset Components  Awareness  Gain a basic understanding of situation  Be aware of your environment and any possible dangers  Take note of the two nearest exits in any facility you visit  Predetermined mindset will help you take rapid, effective actions
    8. 8. Survival Mindset Components (Cont.)  Preparation  Looking at your school environment through the lens of survival  “What if” questions are critical in developing effective response strategies  Survivors prepare themselves both mentally and emotionally to do whatever it takes to survive  Rehearsal  Mentally or physically practicing your plan  Will reduce response time and build confidence  A survival inoculation
    9. 9.  Life-Threatening Risk:  Any action taken, or not taken, during an active-shooter incident may involve life-threatening risk  Survival Mindset:  Will provide a strong foundation upon which to base decisions and actions
    10. 10.  Figure Out  How are you going to survive?  Will you get out (Run)? (Is there a path of escape?)  Will you hide out? • Is there a chance to get to where the shooter may not find you?  Is your only option to take out (fight) the shooter? Last resort!
    11. 11.   Run, Hide, Fight
    12. 12.  An individual, or group of individuals, actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area  Active shooters use firearm(s)  No pattern or method to their selection of victims  Could be anyone
    13. 13. Common Myths  Out of the blue  Never saw it coming  He just snapped  Most situations will resolve themselves if given a cooling off period  Warning signs are always predictive of violent behavior  Violence is random, spontaneous, and unpredictable  School violence is rampant
    14. 14. Realities  Threats are almost always present  Leakage, warnings made through comments (intentional or unintentional) can reveal clues to feelings, thoughts, fantasies, or intentions that may result in violence  Erratic/abnormal behavior is a principle warning sign of future violence  Bullying is often a stepping stone to violence  The path toward violence, is an evolutionary one with signs posted along the way (indicators)
    15. 15. Realities School shootings are rare! ◦ Tragic, Yes! 1980 – 2012, 297 People have been killed in school shooting. Homicides in Schools 1993 - 2010
    16. 16. Offenders  Increased use of alcohol and/or illegal drugs  Often exhibit angry or argumentative behavior  Unexplained increases in absenteeism  Depression / withdrawal  Blame others for their problems  Repeated violations to policy and procedures  Fail to take responsibility for their own actions  Increased severe mood swings  Retaliate against perceived injustice
    17. 17. Other Concerns  Increasingly talks of problems at home  Increasing belligerence  Behavior which is suspect of paranoia “everybody is against me”  Hypersensitivity to criticism  Recent acquisition/fascination with weapons  Talk of previous incidents of violence  Empathy with individuals committing violence
    18. 18. Other Concerns (Cont.)  Preoccupation with violent themes, video games  Interest in recently publicized violent events  Outburst of anger  Extreme disorganization  Noticeable changes in behavior  Homicidal/suicidal comments or threats
    19. 19.  Motives:  61% motivated by desire for revenge  75% felt bullied/persecuted/threatened by others  Statistics:  93% of attackers engaged in some behavior prior to the attack that caused others to be concerned  93% of attackers planned out the attack in advance  95% of attackers were current students
    20. 20.  Survival Mindset  Enables you to act quickly and effectively  Mindful, not fearful  Airline safety briefing  Better able to make that first, critical decision  Continuous Assessment Process  Allows you to take appropriate survival action  Use all senses  Trust your intuition—that “gut” feeling (knowing without knowing why)
    21. 21.  Get Out (Run)  Move quickly; don’t wait for others to validate your decision  Leave belongings behind  Survival chances increase if you are not where shooter is or go where he can’t see you  Call Out  Inform authorities  Call 9-1-1 and tell them the name of shooter (if known), shooter description, location, number and type of weapons
    22. 22.  Hide Out  May not be able to get out  Shooter between you and the only exit  Would have to enter area where shooter is positioned  Hiding place • Well hidden and well protected • Avoid places that might trap you or restrict movement
    23. 23.  Keep Out  Find a room that can be locked with objects to hide behind  Blockade door with heavy furniture  Turn out lights; become totally silent  Turn off noise-producing devices  Call 9-1-1 (If you can do so without alerting the shooter)
    24. 24.  Spread Out  If two or more of you, DO NOT huddle together; gives you options and makes it harder for the shooter  Quietly develop a plan of action in the event the shooter enters  Remain calm  Can have a contagious effect on others  Keeps others focused on survival
    25. 25.  Take Out (LAST RESORT)  Assume shooter’s intentions are lethal  Shooter will succeed in shooting all those with whom he comes in contact, UNLESS you stop him  Develop a survival mindset that you have “what it takes” to survive when your life is on the line  You must be prepared to do whatever it takes to neutralize the threat  Throw things, yell, use improvised weapons  If two or more of you, make a plan to overcome the shooter  Do the best that you can—choose to survive
    26. 26. Arm Yourself with a Survival Mindset
    27. 27.  Be observant of the environment you are traveling, fall back on your First Observer Training. ◦ Situational Awareness ◦ Safety and Security Plans ◦ Fall back on your training to react (think quickly)  If you see something that is not right, (guy with a gun) don’t stop, continue to drive pass the stop and call dispatch/authorities with your observations.  If you have already stopped and something happens, Remember to “KEEP CALM”  We have LIMITED options in the confined space on the bus
    28. 28.  If suspicious or uncomfortable, report your observations and feelings: “See Something, Say Something”  Violence and threats of violence  Often result from frustration and a communication breakdown  Individuals can make a difference  Listen to “troubled” individual  People want to be heard and understood  A safe campus is everyone’s responsibility
    29. 29.  See Something, Say Something: Tell a supervisor: Use the “District Threat Response Procedure” for all threats  Recognizing the sound of gunshots  Reacting quickly when gunshots are heard or when a shooting is witnessed:  Run  Hide  Fight (Take Action)  Call 911  Reacting when Law Enforcement arrives  Adopting the survival mindset during times of crisis
    30. 30.  Safety Guidelines for Armed Subjects, Active Shooters Situations, Indiana University Police Department, April 2007  Safety tips and guidelines regarding potential “Active Shooter” incidents occurring on campus, University of California Police  Workplace Violence Desk reference, Security Management Group International  How to Plan for Workplace Emergencies and Evacuations, US Department of labor, OSHA 3088, 2001  Active Shooter, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Oct 2008
    31. 31.  DHS Course, Active Shooter, What You Can Do, Response to an Active Shooter Training (Online) 
    32. 32. Questions? Stop, Look, Pay Attention Looking is Not the Same as Seeing