Access to Environmental Information in Mongolia


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Access to Environmental Information in Mongolia

  1. 1. ACCESS TOINFORMATION INMONGOLIAApril 29, 2013Jakarta, Indonesia1Presentation by civil society organizations of Mongolia atthe “STRIPE” project meeting
  2. 2. Background of Mongolia05/03/132 Population 2,7 mln GDP growth-17% Air pollution of Ulaanbaatar 279Mgr/m3 #1by WHO report (
  3. 3. Legalization for access toinformation05/03/133 May 14, 2010 Resolution No 143 on transparency indicators ofthe public institutions obliging to make informationon the activities, finance and budget, procurementand human resources open to the public June 16, 2011 Law on Information Transparency and Right toInformation (joint effort of civil society of Mongolialed by Globe International since 2002)
  4. 4. Uses of FOI law by public toaccess environmental information05/03/134Case 1. Mongolian Nature Protection Civil MovementCoalition8 inco m ple te re spo nd to 27 re q ue sts fo r info rm atio n unde r the3 ye ars’ strate g ic litig atio n fo r lo calre side nts ag ainstPe tro China Dachin Tam sag o ile xplo ratio n/e xplo itatio nco m pany avo ide d to pro vide e xact info rm atio n o n Pro ductio nSharing Co ntract & its re late d info rm atio n18 responds to 401 request letters, 4 press conferences toreport the MPs’ votes for environmental laws openly and put iton the parliamentary websites from MPs, & related officials(2009-2013) were received but the parliament started to putthe voting results with the list of MPs openly on its website.However, a legalization is needed to secure its continuousimplementation.
  5. 5. Uses of FOI law by public toaccess environmental information05/03/135Case 2. Mongolian Human Rights and Development NGOO btaine d a g e o g raphicalcadastre m ap o f Darig ang anatio nalpro te cte d are a afte r 6tim e s m e e ting s and clarifyingthere aso ns. This are a be cam e anatio nalpro te cte d are a since1 9 9 3, ho we ve r e xplo ratio nandm ining lice nse s we re pro vide din
  6. 6. Uses of FOI law by public toaccess environmental information05/03/136Case 3. Voice of KhongorNGOCre ate d a MULTILATERALCO UNSEL, am e chanism toe xchang e info rm atio n anddiscussio n and co o pe rateam o ng the co m m unity m e m be rs, m iningco m panie s and lo calg o ve rnm e nt to pre ve nt co nflictsand m isunde rstanding s. By q uarte rly m e e ting , thisco unse l cre ate s a co nfide nce in its m e m be rs andbe co m e s a g re at to o lfo r transpare ncy o finfo rm atio n
  7. 7. Uses of FOI law by public toaccess environmental information05/03/137Case 4. United Movement of Mongolian Rivers andLakes“Not allowed to release state/organizational secret” was theanswer to the request for environmentalimpact assessment reports of Gutai gold mines of “Aivuuntes” and“U & B” Co.Ltd operating in Khentii province on March 2, 2012
  8. 8. Uses of FOI law by public toaccess environmental information05/03/138Case 5. Transparency FoundationNorespondto the re q ue st o f budg e t, de taile dspe nding re po rts fo r 2 0 1 1 and 20 1 2 o f StateSpe cialFunds including the Fund fo r Pro te ctingthe Nature unde r the g o ve rnance o f Mo E.
  9. 9. Actions for information05/03/139
  10. 10. Challenges to the proactive releaseof information05/03/1310 Currently available information is too general and mostof it is almost useless. Public needs specific facts anddetailed information such as financial reports, lists oflicenses, impact assessment reports, restoration plansetc., Government is reactive (very limited reaction) to FOIrequests rather than being proactive Lack/needs for intermediary dispute resolvingmechanism
  11. 11. Advocacy strategies to improve access andobstacles to moving forward05/03/1311 Civil society needs to introduce thegovernment the types of information (plus ajoint concept of CS on this need) they need Capacity building of government informationrelease mechanism Create a dispute solution mechanism
  12. 12. Improvements needed05/03/1312 Improve the legal environment for transparency of environmental information by: Improving the public awareness on currently effective laws & regulations through websitesand environmental database ; improve this database by addingthe lists of mining companies by geographical locations, impact assessment reports,rehabilitation/restoration plans Improving the related laws and regulations to distinguish the extent of transparency ofinformation: All types of socio-economic and environmental impact assessment reports needto be transparent for public Conducting trainings and advocacies for public awareness and knowledge on environmentand human rights Developing regulations containing detailed procedures for release of information,accountability, roles of participants, their responsibilities, Start with standardizing the limitations of transparency of information Improving the mechanism for raising public awareness on the contents, consequences ofany proposed decision before its enforcement Supporting the citizens’ initiatives of ensuring the transparency of information and legalize
  13. 13. 05/03/1313