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  1. 1. Training session 03LEADERSHIP
  2. 2. Definition of a Manager Is to forecast, plan, organizes, command, coordinate and control.• Management is like holding a dove in your hand. Squeeze too tight you kill it open your hand too much you let it go.• Management id like coordinating a symphony orchestra. You coordinate various instruments played by various people going through various problems whilst the sponsor at the concert is insisting on irrational changes in the programme. (Styles)
  3. 3. Control Delegating Command Plan Motivating Increase efficiency Functions of a ManagerCoordinate Forecast Evaluating EmpoweringProductivity Organize
  4. 4. WHO IS LEADER ?• Leadership is the ability to drive people willingly through different times. (Churchill)• Is one who knows what they wants to achieve, and can communicate that.• The task of the leader is to get his people from where they are to where they have not been.• To be a leader of men, one must earn ones back on men.
  5. 5. Few thought’s about Leader• Managers do the things right. Leaders do the right things• (Founder of Panasonic) Konosuke Matu shita. If the head moves fast, the trial will keep up the same space, if the head is shaggiest, the trial will drop.• Is some one who walks out in front of his people, but doesn’t get too far where he can’t their foot step.
  6. 6. Definition of Leadership
  7. 7. DAFT “Leadership is the ability to influence people towards attainment of organizational goals”MUILTNS “Leadership is the relation ship through which one person influences the behaviour or actions of other people”STONER “Is the possesses of directing and influencing the task related activities of group members or entire organization”
  8. 8. FEATURES OF A LEADER5 Cs of a LeaderCharisma Clarity(Attention) (Clear) 5c’s of A leaderConviction Communication Care
  9. 9. Leader vs Manager• D Desire to lead• E Emotional quation• S Self confidence• I Integrity• R Related knowledge• E Excessive DesireEx: Bill gates of Microsoft Lee Kwan Yew of Singapore
  10. 10. Leader Vs Manager Leader ManagerPlanning Strategic TacticalDuration Long Term Short termTask Strategic TacticalPreferred Dynamic Static EnvironmentAttitude to change Like DislikeRewards Internal Rewards External rewardsProductivity Affectivity EfficientBrain Skills Right brain Left brain
  11. 11. Small Truth Affectivity H L H Thrive Die Slowly Efficiency L Die Fast Survive
  12. 12. Watson on Makynsye 7s• S Shared vision• S Strategy• S Structure• S Style• S Staff• S Skills• S System
  13. 13. Leader VisionEffective Communication Sheared vision Vision Community Park
  14. 14. Leader Style (mother Teresa, Bill Gates, Jorge Bush) Staff (He shows the way to his followers) Skills(Skills shows that vision of the leader will be achieved) Sheared Vision
  15. 15. Manager Strategy (How do we get their) Structure (To get the work done) System(To implement the things)
  16. 16. Practical examples for leaders Political Business Social Entertainment Religious Military SportsGLOBAlLOCAl
  17. 17. *******Bases of PowerDefinition of power“Power is the potential ability to influence the others behaviour” DAFT
  18. 18. Power Position Personal Power PowerLegitimate Reward Coercive Expert Referent
  19. 19. 1. Legitimate Power Formal or official Authority, The power you have because of the position. E.G.:- President of the country C.E.O.2. Reward Power The power to reward E.G.:- C.E.O. has the power to pay high salary, perk, promotion3. Coercive Power The power to punish E.G.:- Farther punish a child Army leader has the power to punish the followers
  20. 20. 4. Expert Power The power of expertise• Knowledge• Skills *Can have more expert power than others5. Referent Power due to• Influence• Attraction E.G. :- Barthiya & Santhush Lady Diana
  21. 21. Authority & power Authority Effective Leadership Power
  22. 22. ******* THEORY OF LEADERSHIP• Trait Theories• Functional Theories• Behavioural Theories• Style Theories• Situational Theories• transformational Theories
  23. 23. 1. Trait TheoriesWhat? Focus on traits, personal characteristicsTraits of LeadersE.G.:- L – Long term vision (Mathir Mohamed 20-20 Malaysia) E - Emotional Intelligent A – Achievement oriented D – Determination to be leader E – Ethical (Ethics) R – Related Knowledge S – Self Confidence H – Homiest (Helicopter view) I – Integrity P – Passion
  24. 24. AUTOCRATIC VS DEMOCRATICLEADERS (KURT LEWIN) Autocratic - Harry JayewardeneA Authority - Mel J Fernando Democratic - Lalith CothalawalaD Delegation - Diane GomesAutocratic DemocraticLegitimate ExportReward ReferentCoercive
  25. 25. Autocratic DemocraticAuthority DelegatesBoss Cantered Subordinate CanteredTop – Bottom Bottom - TopPrescriptive Consultative
  26. 26. E.g.:- Local GlobalAutocratic J. R. Jayewardene Hitler M.J.Fernando Donald Trump A.G.Ariyaratne Mahesh Marlin Sam Walton Ajay Marlin MAS Richard Branson Sherad Marlin K.N.BalendranDemocratic Soma Thera Lalith Athulathmudali A.G.Ariyaratne
  27. 27. • 2. Functional TheoryWhat? Focuses on function Important Learnt Functions Development PerfectedAlso consider the group
  28. 28. Action cantered leadership model TEAM Action cantered Leader TASK INDIVIDUAL