POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.   ReGenX Innovation Report                 To the:“From Discovery to Innovation”       Prese...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportPreamble:This document, prepared by PDI and delivered...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportConventional Generator Operation (A)When a “conventio...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.        NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest Protocol 1. Universal Motor Prime Mover  (1) PDI w...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.       NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportReGenX Generator & Induction Generator Test Bench       ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest Protocol 2. Induction Motor Prime Mover  (6) PDI ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report                          TESTING PHASE PART 1Test 1 ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 2 Conventional Generator (A)CONVENTIONAL COIL (A...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 2 ReGenX Generator (B)Test 2 ReGenX COIL (B) OPER...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportOverall deduction:Increasing the load current in the ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 4 ReGenX Induction Generator (B)ReGenX INDUCTION ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportGraph 1.0 shows the magnitude of system deceleration o...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportConventional Generator Armature Reaction (A)Note that...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report                             ADDENDUM PART 1Universal...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report                                 15 | P a g e
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.        NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report                      Testing Phase Part 2Test 5 “E” Co...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest notes:   (9) The system was brought up to an init...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.        NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportGraph 3.0 Comparison between ReGenX generator (B) outpu...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 5 Conclusions:The conventional generator coil (A...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportThe ReGenX generator (B) delivered over 78,000 % more ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 6 “I” Core / Coil ReGenX Prototype IP Iteration w...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report   (18) The ReGenX generator (B) delivered a maximum l...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.         NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportInduction Motor Torque Speed CharacteristicsGraph 7.0 ...
POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.          NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportPDI operated the ReGenX generator (B) above the 2880 ...
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Potential Difference National Research Council of Canada Report Final

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Potential Difference National Research Council of Canada Report Final

  1. 1. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. ReGenX Innovation Report To the:“From Discovery to Innovation” Presented to: David Lisk / NRC Prepared by: Thane Heins / PDI Date: June 10, 2012
  2. 2. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportPreamble:This document, prepared by PDI and delivered to the NRC, will show that the ReGenXgenerator innovation reverses conventional generator armature reaction. The ReGenXgenerator innovation accelerates the system under load rather than decelerating it asper the conventional generator armature reaction paradigm. This paradigm shift will beshown in both a Salient Pole Axial Flux Generator and an Induction Generator.Introduction:In electricity generation an electric generator is a device that converts mechanicalenergy to an electromotive force. (1)The induced voltage (called electromotive force or EMF) will create an electric currentthrough an external circuit connected to the coil terminals resulting in energy beingdelivered to the load.Thus, the kinetic energy that spins the source of the magnetic field is converted intoelectricity. Note that the current flowing through an external load in turn creates a magnetic field that opposes the change in the flux of the coil, so the coil opposes the motion (generator armature reaction).The higher the current [flowing in the conventional generator coil (A)], the higherthe opposing force produced and the larger the force that must be applied to the rotating magnetic field by the prime mover to keep it from slowing down. (2)Conventional Generator Coil (A) Regenerative Acceleration Coil (B) Low Impedance High Impedanc eLow Frequency High FrequencyInductor Operation Capacitor Operati onConducts current w/ Conducts current only at100 % duty cycle TDCOpposes magnetic rotor Delayed current flowrotation 360 degrees Delays repelling magneticof current Sine wave. field production until TDC. 2|Page
  3. 3. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportConventional Generator Operation (A)When a “conventional” generator delivers power to a load, the load current causes thegenerator to decelerate the prime mover. The greater the current magnitude the moreforce (external energy) must be applied to the prime mover to keep the system fromdecelerating. Figure 1. Conventional Generator Torque ParadigmIn Figure 1 above the prime mover torque (Tt) rotates the generator in the clockwise direction. The generator responds by creating a counter- clockwise-torque (Tg) which opposes the torque supplied by the prime mover.PDI ReGenX Generator Innovation Operation (B)The ReGenX generator innovation reverses the above scenario such that when theReGenX generator delivers power to a load the generator accelerates and assists theprime mover rather than resisting it. The greater the current magnitude the less forcemust be applied by the prime mover to keep the system from accelerating. Figure 2. Regenerative Acceleration Torque ParadigmIn Figure 2 above the prime mover torque (Tt) rotates the generator in the clockwise direction. The generator responds by also creating a clockwise- torque (Tg) which assists to the torque supplied by the prime mover. 3|Page
  4. 4. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest Protocol 1. Universal Motor Prime Mover (1) PDI will employ a conventional induction generator (A) and deliver electrical current to a load to establish what minimum magnitude of current (0.2 Amps) is required to cause system deceleration. (2) PDI will introduce a conventional coil (A) into the ReGenX generator innovation prototype and establish conventional generator coil (A) system deceleration with 1.4 Amps of load current (7 times the minimum load current required to induce system deceleration). (3) PDI will engage the ReGenX generator innovation coils (B) and establish system acceleration with 1.57 Amps of load current – 685 % more load current than the conventional generator in item (1). (4) PDI will reconfigure the ReGenX generator innovation prototype with Regenerative Acceleration Generator Coils (B) only and repeat item (3) and deliver 2.2 Amps of current to the load with system acceleration and (1,000 %) more load current than the minimum load current required to decelerate the conventional generator system. (5) PDI will configure the conventional induction generator to operate as a ReGenX Induction Generator Innovation (B) and provide on-load system acceleration with a load current of 0.3 Amps (50 % more than the minimum load current/system deceleration required in the conventional generator baseline (A)). 4|Page
  5. 5. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportReGenX Generator & Induction Generator Test Bench ReGenX Generator Universal Motor Prime MoverConventional Induction Generator 5|Page
  6. 6. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest Protocol 2. Induction Motor Prime Mover (6) PDI will employ a pair of conventional coils (A) and a pair of ReGenX coils (B) which are placed on two identical “I” cores. The two conventional coils (A) will deliver AC power to the load while producing conventional generator system deceleration (A) and the ReGenX coils (B) will be used to override the conventional generator coils’ (A) deceleration while delivering increasing amounts of power to the load with a decreasing amounts of prime mover input power. PDI will highlight the slight IP limitation which led to the development of the next ReGenX prototype and IP embodiment. (7) PDI will employ an “E” core and place two ReGenX coils (B) on the centre core leg and place the conventional coil (A) on the outer core. The conventional generator coil (A) will deliver power to the load and will create conventional generator (A) system deceleration. The ReGenX coils will be engaged and they will do two things simultaneously. 1)They will accelerate the system while reducing the input power required by the prime mover and 2) the discharging magnetic flux from the ReGenX coils will be collected in the conventional coil’s core and the total load output power will be increased accordingly (by about 15 %). 6|Page
  7. 7. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report TESTING PHASE PART 1Test 1 Conventional Generator (A)BASELINE CONVENTIONAL INDUCTION GENERATOR (A) (DECELERATION)PERFORMANCE Test 1 Demo Video: http://bit.ly/LM34FdTest notes: (1)The conventional induction generator (A) had little or no deceleration effect on the prime mover while delivering 0.19 Amps of current to the load at 4,073 RPM. (2) With a load current increase to 0.22 Amps the conventional induction generator (A) reduced the system speed from 4,246 RPM down to 4,169 RPM or a 1.8 % drop in system speed.Test 1 Conclusions:A BASELINE load current of only 0.22 Amps is required to decelerate the systemprime mover by 1.8 % when a conventional induction generator (A) is employed. 7|Page
  8. 8. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 2 Conventional Generator (A)CONVENTIONAL COIL (A) IN ReGenX PROTOTYPE (DECELERATION)PERFORMANCE Test 2 Demo Video: http://bit.ly/KXQqaKTest notes: (3)The conventional coil (A) in the ReGenX prototype delivered 1.4 Amps of load current and decelerated the system from 1,675 RPM (no-load) down to 1468 RPM – a 12.4 % decrease in system speed. (4)The prime mover input current increased from 3.61 Amps to 3.71 Amps in response.(2.8 % prime mover input current increase).Test 2 Conventional Coil (A) Conclusions:The conventional coil (A) in the ReGenX prototype delivered 1.4 Amps of load currentand decelerated the system by 12.4 %.Test 1 comparison - A BASELINE load current of 0.22 Amps is required to deceleratethe ReGenX prototype prime mover by 1.8 % in the conventional induction generator(A).Increasing the load current in the ReGenX prototype conventional coil (A) by 84 %over the conventional induction generator (A) increases the deceleration by morethan 12 %. 8|Page
  9. 9. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 2 ReGenX Generator (B)Test 2 ReGenX COIL (B) OPERATION (ACCELERATION) PERFORMANCE (5) Engaging the ReGenX coils (B) at a no-load speed of 1,659 RPM and delivering 1.57 Amps of load current accelerated the system up to 1,680 RPM (1.3 % increase).Test 2 ConclusionsThe conventional generator coil (A) decelerated the system as expected whiledelivering 1.4 Amps of current to the load.The ReGenX generator coils (B) accelerated the system as expected whiledelivering 1.6 Amps of current to the load.A BASELINE load current of only 0.22 Amps is required to decelerate theprototype prime mover by 1.8 % with the conventional induction generator (A).Increasing the conventional generator (A) load current by 536 % (1.4 Amps) overthe baseline load current level (0.22 Amps) also increased the systemdeceleration from 1.8 % to 12 %.Increasing the ReGenX generator (B) load current by 685 % (1.6 Amps) over thebaseline load current (0.22 Amps) did not induce system deceleration but createdsystem acceleration instead.Test 3 will show that further increasing the ReGenX coil (B) load current to1,000 % (2.2 Amps) over the baseline (deceleration) load current ( 0.22 Amps) willonly induce increased system acceleration. 9|Page
  10. 10. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportOverall deduction:Increasing the load current in the conventional generator (A) increases the systemdeceleration (as predicted by conventional scientific wisdom) and requires an increasein prime mover energy to supply the load power.Increasing the load current in the ReGenX generator (B) innovation does not producesystem deceleration or require any increase in the prime mover energy to maintain loadpower.Test 3 ReGenX Generator (B)ReGenX COILS (B) IN ReGenX PROTOTYPE (ACCELERATION) PERFORMANCE Test 3 Demo Video http://bit.ly/LB8zvGTest notes: (6) Increasing the load current up to 2.2 Amps does not produce any adverse (regenerative braking) conditions.Test 3 ReGenX Coil (B) Conclusions:Increasing the ReGenX coil (B) load current to 1,000 % over the baselineconventional generator coil (A) (deceleration) load current will only induceadditional system acceleration and no conventional generator (A) armaturereaction (system deceleration). 10 | P a g e
  11. 11. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 4 ReGenX Induction Generator (B)ReGenX INDUCTION GENERATOR (B) (ACCELERATION) PERFORMANCE Test 4 Demo Video: http://bit.ly/LriOR1Test notes: (7) The ReGenX Induction Generator (B) accelerates from 4,026 RPM to 5,900 RPM (47% speed increase) while delivering 0.32 Amps of current to the load. (8) Increasing the no-load speed by 3.7% to 4,176 RPM increases the load current by 12% to 0.44 Amps while increasing system acceleration up to 6,313 RPM (51%).Test 4 ReGenX Coil (B) Conclusions:The conventional induction generator (A) from Test 1 established a baseline loadcurrent magnitude which decelerated the system with only 0.22 Amps of load current.However increasing the load current in the ReGenX Induction Generator (B) innovationby 45% accelerated the system by 47%.Increasing the load current in the ReGenX Induction Generator (B) innovation by 100%accelerated the system by 51%. 11 | P a g e
  12. 12. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportGraph 1.0 shows the magnitude of system deceleration or armature reaction inthe conventional generator (A) with a load current of 0.22 Amps and 1.4 Amps.Graph 2.0 shows the system acceleration produced in the ReGenX generator (B)innovations. 12 | P a g e
  13. 13. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportConventional Generator Armature Reaction (A)Note that in the conventional generator system (A) the current flowing through anexternal load in turn creates a magnetic field so the coil opposes the motion ofthe rotating magnetic field. The higher the current, (the higher the opposingforce) and the larger the force that must be applied to the rotating magnetic fieldto keep it from slowing down.ReGenX Generator Armature Reaction (B)Note that in the ReGenX generator (B) innovation system the current flowingthrough an external load in turn creates a delayed magnetic field so the coilassists the motion of the rotating magnetic field. The higher the current, thehigher the assisting force and the lower the force that must be applied to therotating magnetic field to keep it from speeding up.Part 1 Report ConclusionsThe conventional induction generator (A) required a minimum load current ofonly 0.22 Amps (baseline) to create system deceleration. Further increases inload current above this baseline resulted in higher percentages of systemdeceleration and increases in prime mover force would be required to sustain theload power.The ReGenX Generator (B) innovation did not produce any system decelerationbut produced system acceleration instead. Increasing the ReGenX generator’sload current by 1,000 % over the conventional generator’s baseline still did notproduce any conventional generator system deceleration but increased systemacceleration and decreases in prime mover input would be required to reducesystem acceleration while delivering power to the load.- End Part 1- 13 | P a g e
  14. 14. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report ADDENDUM PART 1Universal Motor Speed-Torque Curve / Torque-Current CurveFigure 2 shows the speed-torque curve and Figure 3 shows the torque-current curve.The graphs show that, in the universal motor, the torque decreases when the rotationspeed increases and the torque increases when the current increases. (3) 14 | P a g e
  15. 15. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc.NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report 15 | P a g e
  16. 16. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report Testing Phase Part 2Test 5 “E” Core Concentric Coil ReGenX (B) Prototype IPIteration w/ Induction Motor Prime Mover and Magnetic FluxCollection. Test 5 Demo Video: http://bit.ly/LkUFd0CONVENTIONAL GENERATOR COIL (A) INDUCTION MOTOR PRIMEMOVER AND ReGenX COIl (B) ON AN “E” CORE 16 | P a g e
  17. 17. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest notes: (9) The system was brought up to an initial no-load operating speed of 3126 RPM. (10) The conventional coil (A) was engaged and produced 8.13 Watts to the load while inducing conventional generator armature reaction and system deceleration. (11) The ReGenX coil (B) was engaged and the ReGenX coils’ (B) discharging flux output was collected in the conventional coil’s (A) concentric core and the load power increased instantly from 6.6 Watts load output from the conventional coil (A) to 9.43 Watts. This represents a 43% load power increase with system acceleration. (12) ReGenX generator (B) output power continues to increase to 11.4 Watts. (13) When the ReGenX coils (B) are disengaged the load power drops instantly to 8.59 Watts (a 24.6 % drop). (14) At maximum RPM the ReGenX generator (B) delivers 13.4 Watts at 3300 RPM with minimum stator current and minimum motor supplied torque. (15) The conventional coil (A) delivers 0.017 Watts with maximum motor stator current and maximum motor torque being supplied to the drive shaft. The ReGenX generator (B) delivered 78,724 % more power to the same load with less prime over input power and less drive shaft torque than the conventional generator. 17 | P a g e
  18. 18. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportGraph 3.0 Comparison between ReGenX generator (B) output and conventionalgenerator (A) output.ReGenX generator (B) performance advantage over conventional generator (A)= 78, 724 %. 18 | P a g e
  19. 19. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 5 Conclusions:The conventional generator coil (A) delivered power to the load and decelerated thesystem as expected. The induction motor prime mover self regulated the stator currentand responded by increasing the drive shaft torque to its maximum level possible.Graph 4.0 Induction Motor Prime Mover Drive Shaft Torque Response withConventional Generator (A) Loading. 19 | P a g e
  20. 20. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportThe ReGenX generator (B) delivered over 78,000 % more power to the same load butrequired the minimum induction motor stator current and minimum motor supplied driveshaft torque.Graph 5.0 Induction Motor Prime Mover Drive Shaft Torque Response withReGenX Generator (B) Loading. 20 | P a g e
  21. 21. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportTest 6 “I” Core / Coil ReGenX Prototype IP Iteration w/Induction Motor Prime Mover. Test 6 Demo Video: http://bit.ly/MAJEUfTest Notes: (16) The conventional generator coil (A) produced a load current 0f 0.763 Amps with system deceleration and increased induction motor current draw. (17) The ReGenX coil (B) and conventional coil (A) delivered 0.6 Amps to the load with system acceleration and a decrease in prime mover input current. 21 | P a g e
  22. 22. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation Report (18) The ReGenX generator (B) delivered a maximum load current of 0.63 Amps with the minimum input current to the induction generator and minimum drive shaft torque. (19) The conventional generator coil delivered a maximum load current of 0.23 Amps with the maximum input current to the induction generator and maximum drive shaft torque.Graph 6.0 Test 6 Conventional Generator (A) Load Current / Prime Mover Torquevs the ReGenX Generator (B) Load Current / Prime Mover Supplied Torque. 22 | P a g e
  23. 23. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportInduction Motor Torque Speed CharacteristicsGraph 7.0 Induction Motor Torque Speed Characteristics (4)From the graph above we can see that the ideal operating region for an inductionmotor is at 80 % of synchronous speed or 2880 RPM. Above 2880 RPM the torquesupplied by the induction motor is tending towards 0.0 Nm at synchronous speedof 3600 RPM. 23 | P a g e
  24. 24. POTENTIAL +/- DIFFERENCE Inc. NRC – ReGenX Innovation ReportPDI operated the ReGenX generator (B) above the 2880 RPM mark whereincreased system speed resulted in decreased induction motor supplied torquewhile ReGenX supplied power increased.The conventional generator coil (A) however took advantage of the inductionmotors increasing torque magnitude at 2880 RPM but this still was not enough toovercome the load current and supply a steady state power to the load.Report ConclusionsConventional scientific wisdom states that, “electric generators must create resistive forces when convertingkinetic energy to electrical energy” and as a result additional input energy mustbe supplied to the system above and beyond the original energy required toestablish a no-load steady state operating speed.PDI’s ReGenX technology proves that, “electric generators can indeed createassistive forces when converting kinetic energy to electrical energy” and as aresult - a reduction in input energy can be realized, reducing the input energyrequired to below the no-load steady state energy requirements. - End Report -References: (1) Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_generator (2) LAZAR’S Generator Guide - http://www.generatorguide.net/ (3) Analysis of Characteristics of a Universal Motor http://www.jmag- international.com/catalog/95_UniversalMotor_Characteristics.html (4) Polyphase Induction Motor Basics http://cnx.org/content/m28334/latest/ 24 | P a g e

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