Heins Effect Gaining CredibilityBy Mike Brace Tech Editor, EV WorldMonday | March 19, 2012 Dont worry about people stealing an idea. If its original, you will have to ram it down their throats. -Howard Aiken, US computer scientist (1900 - 1973)Back in July of 2010 I wrote a story called The Heins Effect. It was a simple story about a self-taught inventorwho asked a stupid question and got a stupid answer. 30+ years ago Thane Heins was a young, naive studentat Heritage Collage/CEGEP when he asked the professor teaching the electric motors/generators class anobvious question about efficiency, If you could figure out a way to retard [withhold] the counter-EMF on theadvancing magnet by 10% would you not increase its overall efficiency by 10%?. Why even bother answeringthat question, because if you did you would be violating several laws of physic, so you cant do it was thereply. And that was that.
It may not have been the actual word-for-word conversation that took place, but Thane gave us this shortsynopsis when asked what sparked the idea for his technology. He had an idea in his mind when he asked thatquestion (a flash of genius you might say) but buried it in his collective and went on with life. I gleaned thatlittle bit of history from Thane last Monday while I was attending the RegenX demonstration in Toronto thathe was giving for his investors and technical staff.Fast forward to post-911: Thane, like many other eco-engineers, wanted to stop the oil wars so he startedthinking about his ideas again. He grabbed his ideas, some electric motors and headed down into thebasement where disaster awaited. Ill spare you the details of the first time he plugged in his RegenerativeAcceleration prototype, but suffice to say it got away from him but in a good way. And from that first disasterThane knew he was on the right track so he has spent the last 10+ years coming to grips with what hediscovered and the last few years trying to explain it. And I have spent the last 48 hours doing the same.When I last spoke to Thane several years ago he had come to grips with the mechanics of his technology, butnot quite the explanation of it (at least not one that most engineers could understand). He could prove it inthe lab to anyone that questioned it but without that basic, rock solid and understandable explanation of howhis electric motor can draw less energy, and accelerate at the same time, most of his naive collogues justscratched their heads and walked away. Well, as a mechanical engineer Im here to explain how it works andwhy it works. And it does work; over a dozen of us were witness to that last Monday (as well as a film crew--filming in 3D no less!)Lets start with my feeble explanation of the mechanics of how a permanent-magnet electric motor works--then Ill work my way up from there. The coils provide rotational force to the rotor when the coils areenergized with current (amps). Energized in sequence they form a rotating magnetic field (the Electro-MotiveForce; EMF) that attracts the magnets of the rotor and thus it rotates with force. An opposite EMF is alsoformed as the magnet approaches the coils and--based on the strength of that back-EMF -- it determines howfast you can rotate the magnets through it before it stops accelerating.The conventional laws of physics (and those governing electric motors/generators) tells us that the faster wepass the magnet through the EMF the more current is needed (or generated) to the point where the magnetscannot go any faster due to back EMF [resistance to the magnetic field]. If you quit supplying electrical currentto the coils the rotor eventually freewheels to a stop over time. If you short out those coils (lets say to abattery) then the magnetism in the rotating magnets supply current to those coils the motor, it becomes agenerator and slows down even faster because its under load (via its self-induced EMF). This is calledRegenerative Braking and it can be used to convert the momentum of the vehicle to electricity and[ultimately] to put some of that electricity back in the battery and extend the range of the vehicle.
Still with me? Im almost there... now picture if you will a flywheel attached to the pigtail of this electric motor,and on this flywheel are the same type of magnets. If you were to place some standard coils next to thesemagnets you have a duplicate of whats inside. Put Thanes proprietary Regenerative Acceleration coils next tothose magnets you have something exciting.As Thane has come to understand he has figured out a way to store the latent electrical energy in thoserotating magnets as high voltage between the coils (not as magnetic field around his coils) and not in themeither; a capacitor of types (if you care to imagine). Since it is current flowing through the coils that causes themagnetic fields around them (and not the volts) Thanes coils offer no EMF [resistance] as the magnetapproaches. Just as the magnets pass top-dead-center to the coils... POW! His coils release the voltage intothe coils by shorting them out to the batteries--converting it to amps--and the magnet field is almost instantlycreated. Since the magnets on the flywheel are now moving past the magnetized coils they accelerate awayfrom it, adding torque to the motors rotor. This assist helps lowers the amount of electricity needed to drivethe motor and the current that is created (from these coils) is fed back into the batteries. How muchelectricity? Thane claims that if he designs the motor and his regenerative acceleration coils together (as apackage) he has seen as much as 200% increase in output. It almost seems like free energy... creepy, huh.By now if you are like me you are asking yourself ìWhere is that free energy coming from? Thane has his ideasand I have mine, but from where I stand the answer is obvious: the magnets. Just as a permanent magnetmotor is more powerful and efficient than an AC induction motor, this extra energy is stored as a magneticfield in the high-density rare earth magnets. True, over time the magnet should lose their magnetism but ifthats the case they could be recharged easily enough.Now, let me explain what you see in real life. You see an electric vehicle that--when underway and not underfull load--will actually gain in top end and recharge the batteries at the same time. However, if you stopturning the motor you stop the Regenerative Acceleration; and it cannot start the motor up. If you put thepedal-to-the-metal to make it up a steep hill you will start draining the batteries. Theres no unlimited free ridehere. But if you stay on the flat and level theoretically you could go on until your bladder tells you otherwise.I have tried to describe an electric motor used to provide motive power for electric vehicles and provideextended range as well, but if you think about it, there are some other unique uses for Thanes generator. Putone between some solar panels & the batteries and you have just doubled the output of the panels. Put oneoff the end of a diesel generator and you get an increase in output. The possibilities are endless, as are thequestions and the skeptics Im sure. But please, if youre asking me, try to keep the questions limited tomechanical ones. As I stated in my first article, when it comes to electricity Im lucky if I get the batteries in theright way. If I have sparked your imagination, or you just want to build the next generation mousetrap, then I
invite you to contact Thanes group, Potential Difference, at email@example.com or, better yet, callhim at 613-759-1602. And tell him EV World sent you... it always gives him a good laugh.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Originally published: March 19, 2012--------------------------------------------------------------------------------ELECTRIC DRIVE TRANSPORTATION ReGenX Technology Demonstration,Toronto March 11th, 2012 Part 1 http://bit.ly/GE7ETS Part 2 http://bit.ly/GCQ5J2 Part 3 http://bit.ly/GCG1ve Part 4 http://bit.ly/GGqaL9