• White English and Afrikaans was
encouraged to grow.
• Black English and vernacular
performance was oppressed, censored
and banned totally.
• Racially mixed audiences were
allowed in theatre. Blacks had to be
• Racial integration in the audience was
no longer permitted.
• Racially mixed performers were no
longer allowed to perform together.
• With curfews and implementation of
the Pass Laws Black people were
effectively denied access to theatre.
• The government controlled television
and radio broadcasting, control of
newspapers and theatres.
• The state was uncomfortable with
plays that challenged its policies.
• theatres that wanted to survive had to
stage “safe” plays or plays of the
• Pre (before) 1948
An era where indigenous performance was ignored and English
speaking South Africans saw Europe as the standard style of
performance to aspire to.
National Party came to power in 1948 and began the legal
system of apartheid.
It encouraged the growth of the Afrikaans language and thus
Disempowered Black South Africans.
South Africa became a Republic
The policies of the National party were applied in the
country and the full impact of the earlier policies was felt
theatrically kin the 1970’s
• Post (after) 1991
Nelson Mandela was released from prison on the 27th of
His release showed or brought the beginning of a post-
apartheid South Africa and influenced its theatre
• WOZA ALBERT- Percy
Mtwa, Mbongeni Ngema,
Barney Simon. Here
performed by Mpilo
Nzimande and TQ Zondi
at Hexagon Theatre