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Hydraulics structures


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Dam Presentation

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Hydraulics structures

  1. 1. Hydraulics Structures S.Thanaraj J/CE/13/03/19 BCAS JAFFNA
  2. 2. Content  What is Hydraulic  Hydraulic Structures  The Dam  Classification of Dam  Purpose of Dam  Site selection for a Dam  Structure of Dam  Failures in Dam
  3. 3. What is Hydraulics? Hydraulics is A topic in engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids or fluids. Hydraulic Structure A hydraulic structure is a structure submerged or partially submerged in any body of water, which disrupts the natural flow of water.
  4. 4. DAM
  5. 5. Dam Dams are individually unique structures. Irrespective of size and type they demonstrate great complexity in their load response and in their interactive relationship with site hydrology and geology.
  6. 6. Site selection for dam  Needs  Catchment Area  Elevation  Soil Type  Rainfall  Benefits
  7. 7. Design features of dams • Cut-offs, • Spillway systems, including channels and stilling basins, • Internal drainage systems, • Internal culverts, galleries, etc., • Foundation preparation, including excavation and grouting • Construction details, • Gates, valves and bottom outlet works, and • River diversion works.
  8. 8. Dam Classification 1. Embankment dams  Earth Fill Dams  Rock Fill Dams 2. Concrete dams  Arch Dams  Gravity Dams  Buttress Dams
  9. 9. Earth Fill Dams An earth fill dam is constructed primarily of selected engineering soils compacted uniformly and intensively in relatively thin layers and at a controlled moisture content.
  10. 10. Principal variants of earth fill and earth fill–rock fill embankment dams
  11. 11. Rock fill embankments In the rock fill embankment the section includes a discrete impervious element of compacted earth fill or a slender concrete or bituminous membrane.
  12. 12. Embankment defect mechanisms and failure modes  Overtopping  Internal erosion  Seepage  Piping Embankment and foundation settlement  Instability
  13. 13. Arch Dam Buttress Dam
  14. 14. Structure of Concrete Dam (Gravity)
  15. 15. Typical Forces for a Gravity Dam
  16. 16. Concrete dams defect mechanisms and failure modes  Overtopping failure.  See page.  Landslide failure.  Collapse
  17. 17. Cut-offs and control of under seepage  Open trench cut-off  Grouted cut-off  Diaphragm cut-off  Upstream blanket
  18. 18. Conclusion In Civil Engineering, Hydraulic structures are more complicated and huge like Dam/ reservoir  Dams are individually unique structures.  Two generic groups can be made in terms of the principal construction material employed.  Dams have interactive relationship with site hydrology and geology  Construction style may vary with purposes  Construction and Failure consideration like seepage, instability, overtopping etc.
  19. 19. References  Lecture Notes.  The Dam Site. 2015. The Dam Site. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 03 December 2015].  Dam Design and Construction, Reservoirs and Balancing Lakes. 2015. Dam Design and Construction, Reservoirs and Balancing Lakes. [ONLINE] Available at: lakes/. [Accessed 03 December 2015].  Alpsu, I. (1967) Investigation of water losses at May reservoir, in Transactions of the 9th International Congress on Large Dams, Istanbul, International Commission on Large Dams, Paris, Q34 R27.  Attewell, P.B. and Farmer, I.W. (1976) Principles of Engineering Geology, Chapman and Hall, London.
  20. 20. Thank You