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Kaizen

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Nos anos 50, os japoneses retomaram as idéias da administração clássica de Taylor para renovar sua indústria e criaram o conceito de kaizen.
Essa prática visa o bem não somente da empresa como do homem que trabalha nela, partindo do princípio de que o tempo é o melhor indicador de competitividade, além de atuar de reconhecer e eliminar os desperdícios existentes na empresa, sejam em processos produtivos, produtos novos, manutenção de máquinas ou, ainda, processos administrativos.

Published in: Leadership & Management
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Kaizen

  1. 1.   KAI ZEN
  2. 2. Anos 50 Japão com graves dificuldades econômicas pós Segunda Guerra Mundial Japoneses retomam as ideias da administração clássica de Fayol para renovação da indústria. Criam o conceito de aprimoramento contínuo, Kaizen.
  3. 3. KAI ZEN Mudança Melhor “MUDANÇA PARA MELHOR” Kaizen = Melhoria Contínua Palavra de origem japonesa
  4. 4. Significa mudança para melhor. na vida em geral, seja ela pessoal, familiar, social e no trabalho. O progresso é impossível sem a capacidade de admitir os erros.
  5. 5. Criador da filosofia Kaizen Finalidade: reduzir os desperdícios; buscar melhoria contínua, e o aumentar a produtividade. Sistema Toyota de Produção (STP).
  6. 6. Fundador do Kaizen Institute, que se sediou na Suíça em 1985 Ajudar as empresas na prática do Kaizen e nos diversos sistemas e ferramentas; É autor de nove livros sobre o tema e tópicos relacionados à administração que serviram de base para empresas aplicarem a filosofia.
  7. 7. “KAIZEN é um guarda-chuva que abrange todas as técnicas de melhoria, aglutinando-as de maneira harmoniosa para tirar o máximo proveito do que cada uma oferece”. Para MASAAKI IMAI
  8. 8.  Alcançam uma vantagem competitiva extraordinária excelência operacional elevado podendo destacar-se:  Aumento de produtividade  Redução de custos  Aumento de qualidade  Redução de estoques  Motivação dos colaboradores  Maior flexibilidade  Rápido retorno do investimento
  9. 9. Documente a realidade Identifique desperdícios Planeje ações Cheque a realidade (GEMBA) Faça as mudanças Verifique as mudanças Mensure os resultados Padronize CelebreFaça de novo Ciclo Kaizen Melhoria Contínua
  10. 10. 1. Respeitar as Pessoas 2. Dizer a verdade 3. Participar ativamente 4. Tentar algo novo 5. Perguntar Por que ? 6. Seja seguro/pense com segurança
  11. 11.  SEIRI(descarte)- conceito que implica a distinção entre coisas essenciais e não essenciais,  SEISO(limpeza)- está relacionado com a limpeza,  SEITON(arrumação)- sentido de organização do material necessário para a produção de alguma coisa.
  12. 12.  SHITSUKE(disciplina)- remete para a disciplina, determinação, honra e retidão de caráter.  SEIKETSU(saúde)- conceito relacionado com a higiene e a manutenção de um ambiente satisfatório e sadio para os trabalhadores.
  13. 13. OS DEZ MANDAMENTOS KAIZEN 1. O desperdício é o inimigo nº1. 2. Melhorias graduais feitas continuadamente; 3. Ametodologia não é elitista; 4. A estratégia deve ser barata. 5. Aplicar-se em qualquer lugar; 6. Gestão visual, com total transparência nos procedimentos, processos e valores; 7. Focaliza a atenção no local onde se cria realmente o valor ('gemba', em japonês).
  14. 14. 8. Orienta-se para os processos. 9. Dá prioridade às pessoas; acredita que o esforço principal de melhoria deve vir de uma nova mentalidade e estilo de trabalho das pessoas (orientação pessoal para a qualidade, trabalho em equipe, cultivo da sabedoria, elevação da moral, autodisciplina, círculos de qualidade e prática de sugestões individuais ou de grupo) 10.O lema essencial da aprendizagem organizacional é aprender fazendo.
  15. 15. Podemos diferenciar o que é uma mentalidade Kaizen de uma que não é, observando o seguinte exemplo: Em uma fabrica de automóveis, um trabalhador vê um parafuso debaixo de um carro na linha de montagem, que aparentemente caiu durante a instalação.
  16. 16. Em uma empresa sem Kaizen o trabalhador faria o seguinte:  Não se meteria, pois não é da sua área.  Sendo da sua área, avisa alguém para que tome alguma providencia.  Somente se o fato se repetir, o chefe da área comunicará alguém da “Engenharia” para proceder uma alteração na linha de montagem.
  17. 17. O que um trabalhador que pratica Kaizen faz:  Mesmo que não seja sua área, procura investigar e descobrir porque o parafuso caiu.  Avisa a supervisão para repor o parafuso e discutem a possibilidade disto estar acontecendo com outros automóveis. Lá mesmo verificam a possibilidade de mudança da linha de montagem para evitar o problema. O supervisor solicita a mudança e recebe a aprovação da gerência.
  18. 18. RESULTADO: No mesmo dia, todos os envolvidos são informados da situação e o problema é resolvido. O ponto de partida do Kaizen é a adoção por parte do trabalhador, de um atitude positiva em relação a mudança da maneira que ele trabalha.
  19. 19. 12 Princípios da Melhoria Contínua 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Use a cabeça não a carteira Repita “Porquê” 5 vezes Trabalhe em equipe. Colabore Pense nos problemas como oportunidades Perceba 1º o problema, depois resolva você mesmo Não subestime a capacidade dos outros Pense que a melhoria continua não tem fim. Abandone as ideias fixas Seja proativo. Nunca desista Evite desculpas. Assuma seus erros. Opte pela solução mais simples. Corrija os erros logo que ocorrerem.
  20. 20. DEFINIÇÃO: A Kaizen tem como definição melhorar todos os dias., por todas as pessoas e em todos os lugares. Isso exige um tremendo desafio empresarial, bem como fazer todo dia melhor que ontem.  O SUCESSO: O sucesso da aplicação do Kaizen não depende do país, mas das empresas.
  21. 21. “Hoje melhor do que ontem, amanhã melhor do que hoje”
  22. 22. http://pt.kaizen.com http://br.kaizen.com http://www.infoescola.com/ https://qualidadeonline.wordpress.com https://pt.wikipedia.org.wiki/Kaizen

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