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Goal Setting


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I have used different sources to simplify how to set effect goals in your life. And this slides can also be used for teaching the grades 11's or 12's.

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Goal Setting

  1. 1. Thabiso Louis Moloi 04 March 2014
  2. 2.  What is a goal? ◦ Something you would like to achieve.  What is the purpose of setting goals? ◦ Goals give you direction and keep you focused on where you want to end up.
  3. 3.   What are some things you hope to achieve in the next few weeks or months? What are some things you hope to achieve in the next few years?
  4. 4.  Short-Term: ◦ Goals that can be accomplished in the near future (within a few weeks or months)  Long-Term: ◦ Goals that are more far-reaching and take longer to achieve (a year or more)
  5. 5.  Fixed: ◦ Goals with an outcome that is based on a specific date/time  Flexible: ◦ Goals that have an outcome, but no time limit
  6. 6.   Setting unrealistic goals can lead to feelings of failure, lowered self-image, and lowered self-esteem What makes goals unrealistic? ◦ Untimely ◦ Requiring unavailable resources ◦ Too generally written
  7. 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Goals guide and direct behaviour. Goals provide challenges and standards against which individual and organizational performance can be assessed. Goals justify the performance of a task and the use of resources. Goals define the basis of organizational design. Goals serve as an organizing function for a person’s work.
  8. 8.   SMART is the acronym for SPECIFIC,MEASURABLE,ATTAINABLE,REALISTIC and TIME BOUND. This aspect of the slide would focus on setting SMART GOALS.
  9. 9.   Goals should be SPECIFIC. “I want a job when I graduate” is too general. Drill down further to identify more specific goals, revisiting your assessment and exploration. An example of a better goal is, “I want a job with a Big five consulting firm, working at the Capacity building Department and earning $1000 monthly.”
  10. 10.  Goals should be MEASURABLE. It is important to identify clear objectives so you can measure progress towards your goals, the goal you set should be quantified in terms of numbers so that when you get it, you would know. Setting up smaller, measurable goals is the answer. “I will attend five campus recruiting events sponsored by Big five consulting firms” is measurable, as you will know you have reached your goal upon attending five events.
  11. 11.   Goals should be ATTAINABLE. Are your goals reasonable? Are you willing and able to accomplish your goals? It is important to address these questions when goal setting so you don’t set yourself up for failure. In order words, whatever goal you set for your self you should be able to fulfill them. For instance you can not set goals for working in a consulting firm ,if you do not have a consulting firm in your country or location.
  12. 12.   Goals should be RELEVANT/REALISTIC. Your goals should be related to the direction you want your career to take. It is important that your short-term and long-term goals are in sync. For realistic, you can not set a goal to be the President of Ghana(my country) when all you have is a BECE certificate and do not belong to any political party. This is not a realistic goal.
  13. 13.   Goals should be TIMELY. Setting deadlines for achievement of goals will keep you on track. What do you want to achieve and when do you want to achieve it? Seeing the finish line, so to speak, will motivate you to work towards completion of your goals. I want to Be the CEO of XYZ company in 10 years time is a timely or a time bound go as it gives you the impetus to work hard to achieve it.
  14. 14. 1. 2. 3. 4. Direction of attention- activities to keep individuals focus. Effort – the strength exerted Persistence – willingness to work on the task over extended periods of time Task strategy – strategy for tackling the tasks.
  15. 15.  Performance is a function of goal-setting. Performance is likely to he high when: ◦ Challenging goals are present ◦ Moderators are present ◦ Mediators are operating  Three types of quantitative indicators can be used to assess performance: I. Units of production or quantity II. Dollars (cost, profits, income or sales) III. Time
  16. 16.     Encourages people to develop action plans to reach their goal. Focuses people’s action on their relevant goal actions. Causes people to exert effort necessary to achieve the goals. Spurs people to persist in the face of obstacles.
  17. 17.  The above slides are a combination of 4 authors which are: • Setting SMART Goals by Kaplan University on Oct 25, 2013 • Goal setting-How to Set SMART GOALS by Emmanuel Kumah, Product Developer at Dream Oval Ltd on Nov 18, 2011 • Goal setting by Knight1040 on Sep 27, 2011 ( taken from Slocum and Helriegel (2007)) • Goal setting (1) by Indu Sahni, Faculity at Pacific Institute of Business Studies (PIBS), Udaipur (Raj.) on Sep 30, 2013