COMS101: Media and Democracy

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A 100-level lecture on the relationship between democracy and the media.

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  • Introduce myselfTalk a little about my thesisSpeak about Dr. Bahador and his courses, and how these lectures are a preview to them, especially Media and PoliticsSpeaking about media and democracy because that is the core theme for media and Politics, and the public sphere is a major component of this wider discussion.
  • Introduce myselfTalk a little about my thesisSpeak about Dr. Bahador and his courses, and how these lectures are a preview to them, especially Media and PoliticsSpeaking about media and democracy because that is the core theme for media and Politics, and the public sphere is a major component of this wider discussion.
  • Introduce myselfTalk a little about my thesisSpeak about Dr. Bahador and his courses, and how these lectures are a preview to them, especially Media and PoliticsSpeaking about media and democracy because that is the core theme for media and Politics, and the public sphere is a major component of this wider discussion.
  • COMS101: Media and Democracy

    1. 1. Introductions<br />Tessa Houghton<br />PhD candidate, Media & Communication<br />Hacktivism and Habermas: Online Protest as neo-Habermasian Counterpublicity<br />Filling in for <br />Dr. Babak Bahador:<br />COMS205/POLS232: <br />Media & Politics<br />
    2. 2. COMS205/POLS232: Media & Politics<br />“The course provides an understanding of the role of the media in domestic and international politics. It does this by analysing key theoretical assumptions and debates on the role of media institutions in the struggle for power domestically and internationally.”<br />
    3. 3. COMS205/POLS232: Media & Politics<br />Public opinion + media effects<br />Media + democracy<br />The public sphere<br />Politics + entertainment<br />Public relations, celebrity + spin<br />Politics + media in NZ<br />Propaganda + state control <br />The Propaganda Model<br />Media + foreign policy<br />
    4. 4. L1 Media & Democracy: Lecture Overview<br />What is democracy?<br />Historical development<br />Freedom of speech and press<br />New media and the transformation of politics?<br />
    5. 5. What is democracy?<br />Government “of/by/for the people”<br />
    6. 6. The history of democracy<br />Common belief today is that democracy = only legitimate form of government<br />But democracy = rejected for 2000yrs!<br />
    7. 7. Global democracy: claimed<br />
    8. 8. Global democracy: actual<br />
    9. 9. Democracy FTW?<br />So, why is democracy better?<br />Claims to be superior both:<br />Instrumentally<br />Intrinsically<br />Two key values:<br />Freedom<br />Equality<br />
    10. 10. Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />The ‘general will’<br />Direct democracy<br />“Were there a people of gods, their government would be democratic. So perfect a government is not for men.”<br />
    11. 11. Limits of Direct Democracy<br />Barely conceivable, inefficient<br />Who sets the agenda?<br />
    12. 12. John Stuart Mill & Representative Democracy<br />Elected political representatives<br />Make and execute laws<br />If they do it well, society > more prosperous<br />But system must have safeguards<br />
    13. 13. The Tyranny of the Majority<br />Democracy/majority vote alone = insufficient<br />Minority rights must be protected<br />Must have a liberal democracy<br />
    14. 14. Mill’s Harm Principle<br />The state should only limit individual actions that harm others<br />Balance must evolve from principles<br />
    15. 15. Rights<br />Harm principle > human rights<br />Life, freedom of assembly/movement/religion/vote/standing for office/speech/the press, etc.<br />
    16. 16. Freedom of Speech/Thought<br />Mill: complete freedom in the private sphere, few limits in public.<br />No gain in censorship but great possible loss<br />Suppressing falsity will make the truth weak and dogmatic.<br />
    17. 17. Freedom of the Press<br />Varying degrees of freedom given to mass media<br />No complete press freedom<br />
    18. 18.
    19. 19. Mass Media’s Role in Democracy<br />Great weight placed on communication.<br />Key roles:<br />Deliberation<br />Representation<br />Accountability<br />
    20. 20. The Free Press and Market<br />Critics seen tension between free press and market<br />Issues over private ownership<br />
    21. 21. New Media and Political Transformation<br />New media?<br />Claims of political transformation and a return to direct democracy…<br />Global networks<br />Interconnectedness<br />Globality<br />Identity<br />
    22. 22. Time and Space<br />Always constrained by spatial and temporal limits<br />New transport/communication technologies have dramatically reduced these constraints<br />
    23. 23. Reconceptualising space<br />
    24. 24. Reconceptualising time<br />60 days 1 day 0.5 days<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. Electronic Democracy<br />Belief that the internet can change politics<br />Belief in the dawn of a new democratic order<br />Potential for direct democracy<br />
    27. 27. Limits to direct democracy<br />More information does not necessarily mean better information<br />Technology can devalue democracy<br />Technology can serve the powerful<br />
    28. 28. Next lecture…<br />

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