• Evolution of Technologies
• The Industrial Revolution (IR)
• History of (IR)
• Role of Data for Emerging Technologies
• Programmable devices
• Human to Machine Interaction
• Future Trends in Emerging Technologies
3. Introduction to Emerging Technologies
• Emerging means upcoming or newly occurred.
• Emerging technology is a term generally used to describe a new
• It may also refer to those technologies that are currently
developing, or that are expected to be available within the next
five to ten years.
• Technologies that are creating or are expected to create
significant social or economic effects.
4. Introduction to Emerging Technologies…
What is the root word of technology and evolution?
•Technology: 1610s, defined as "discourse or treatise on an art
or the arts”
• Come from Greek tekhnologia which means "systematic treatment of
an art, craft, or technique"
• Technology originally referring to grammar, from tekhno- (see
techno-) + -logy.
• The meanings “techno = mechanical and industrial arts” and logy
= science or study” is first recorded in 1859
5. Evolution of Technologies
• Technology is the science/study of industrial/mechanical art.
• Evolution: is the process of developing by gradual
• Generally, evolution of technology is:
• a theory of radical transformation of mechanical and
• a theory of radical transformation of society through
6. Evolution of Technologies…
• Artificial Intelligence
• Blockchain – banking, online
• Augmented Reality and Virtual
• Cloud Computing: using/rent
• Angular and React: languages
• DevOps: developmental operations
• Internet of Things (IoT): inter-
connecting multiple electronic
• Intelligent Apps (I-Apps):
devices or systems programmed to
serve by themselves
• Big Data: using huge data size
create intelligent devices
• Robotic Processor Automation
List of some currently available emerged technologies
7. Industrial Revolution (IR)
• IR is a change from making things by hand to making them in factories.
• It’s a period of major industrialization and innovation that took place
during the late 1700s and early 1800s.
• The revolution started in England, with a series of innovations to make
labor more efficient and productive.
• IR was a time when the manufacturing of goods moved from small shops and
homes to large factories.
• IR shifts society from using tools to make products to use new sources of
energy, such as coal, to power machines in factories.
• This shift brought about changes in culture as people moved from rural
areas to big cities in order to work.
8. Industrial Revolution (IR)…
• The American IR commonly referred to as the Second IR, started
sometime between 1820 and 1870.
• Industries such as textile manufacturing, mining, glass making, and
agriculture all had undergone changes.
• IR fundamentally changed and transfer the world around us into
• The Most Important Inventions of the IR are :-
• The Steam Engine, The Railroad, The Diesel Engine, The
• The Telegraph, The Transatlantic Cable, The Phonograph, The
• The Cotton Gin, The Sewing Machine, Electric Lights.
9. Historical Background (IR 1.0, IR 2.0, IR 3.0, IR 4.0)
• The IR began in Great Britain in the late 1770s before spreading to the rest of Europe.
• The first European countries to be industrialized after England were Belgium, France, and the
• The final cause of the IR was the effects created by the Agricultural Revolution.
• The four types of industries are:
• The primary industry involves getting raw materials e.g. mining, farming, and fishing.
• The secondary industry involves manufacturing e.g. making cars and steel.
• Tertiary industries provide a service e.g. teaching and nursing.
• The quaternary industry involves research and development industries e.g. IT.
10. Industrial Revolution (IR 1.0)
• The Industrial Revolution (IR) is
described as a transition to new
• IR was first coined in the 1760s, during
the time where this revolution began
• The transitions in the first IR included
going from hand production methods
to machines, the increasing use of
steam power, the development of
machine tools and, the rise of the factory
• E.g. water and steam power developed
in 1880s 5/27/2023
Figure :- Steam engine
11. Industrial Revolution (IR 2.0)
• The Second IR, also known as the
• Began somewhere in the 1870s.
• It includes the development of methods
for manufacturing interchangeable
parts and widespread adoption of pre-
existing systems such as telegraph and
• This adoption allowed the vast movement
of people and ideas, enhancing
• Moreover, new technological systems
were introduced, such as electrical
power and telephones were invented
Figure :- Electricity transmission line
12. Industrial Revolution (IR 3.0)
• IR 3.0 introduced the transition from
mechanical and analog electronic
technology to digital electronics and
began from the late 1950s.
• Due to the shift towards digitalization, IR
3.0 was given the nickname, “Digital
• The core factor of this revolution is the
mass production and widespread use of
digital logic circuits and
• Its derived technologies such as the
computer, hand phones and the Internet.
Figure:- High Tech Electronics
13. Industrial Revolution (IR 3.0)…
• These technological innovations have
arguably transformed traditional
production and business techniques
enabling people to communicate with
another without the need of being
• Certain practices that were enabled during
IR3.0 is still being practiced until this
• E.g. the proliferation (rapid spread) of
digital computers and digital record.
Figure:- High Tech Electronics
14. Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0)
• We are here now; the current advanced technologies
• IR 4.0 is known as advanced digital system
• Includes technologies such as advanced artificial intelligence, robotics, Internet of
Things (IoT) , additive manufacturing and autonomous vehicles.
• The technologies mentioned above are called – cyber physical systems.
• A cyber-physical system is a mechanism that is controlled or monitored by computer-
based algorithms, tightly integrated with the Internet and its users.
• One example that is being widely practiced in industries today is the usage of
Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines.
15. Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0)
• These machines are operated by giving it
instructions using a computer.
• Another major breakthrough (char) that is
associated with IR 4.0 is the adoption of
Artificial Intelligence (AI), where we can
see it being implemented into our
• AI is also one of the main elements that
give life to Autonomous Vehicles and
Figure:- Anybody Connected device (ABCD)
16. Role of Data for Emerging Technologies
• The era of data-centric computing is here
• Different technologies like IoT, social medias, search engines, block chain, AI/ML,
almost every technology uses different data differently.
• Data is regarded as the new oil and strategic asset.
• Since we are living in the age of big data, it drives or even determines the future of science,
technology, economy, and possibly everything in our world today and tomorrow.
• The preceding trend and its potential have triggered new debate about data-intensive
scientific discovery as an emerging technology.
• The potential of data science and analytics to enable data-driven theory, economy, and
professional development is increasingly being recognized.
• This involves not only core disciplines:
computing, informatics, and statistics
business, social science, and health/medical science 5/27/2023
17. Enabling devices and network (Programmable devices)
In the world of digital electronic systems, there are four basic kinds of devices:
memory, microprocessors, logic, and networks
Store random information such as the contents of a spreadsheet or database.
Execute software instructions to perform a wide variety of tasks such as running a word
processing program or video game
Provide specific functions, including device-to-device interfacing, data communication,
signal processing, data display, timing and control operations, and almost every other
function a system must perform
Collection of computers, servers, mainframes, network devices, peripherals or other devices
connected to one another to allow the sharing of data. 5/27/2023
18. Why a computer is referred to as a programmable device?
Because what makes a computer a computer is that it follows a set of
Many electronic devices are computers that perform only one operation,
but they are still following instructions that reside permanently in the
19. Enabling devices and network (Programmable devices)
• Programmable devices usually referred
Field programmable logic devices
Complex programmable logic devices
Programmable logic devices (PLD).
• There are also devices that are the analog
equivalent of these called field
programmable analog arrays.
Figure :- Programmable device
20. Enabling devices and network (Programmable devices)
List of some Programmable devices
Achronix Speedster SPD60
Altera Stratix IV GT and Arria II GX
Cypress Semiconductor’s programmable system-on-chip (PSoC) family
Lattice Semiconductor’s ECP3
Lime Microsystems’ LMS6002
Silicon Blue Technologies
Xilinx Virtex 6 and Spartan 6
Xmos Semiconductor L series
21. Enabling devices and network (Programmable devices)
Full range of network-related equipment referred to as Service Enabling Devices
(SEDs), which can include:
Traditional channel service unit (CSU) and data service unit (DSU)
Network appliances (NIDs and SIDs)
22. Human-Machine Interaction (HMI)
• Human-machine interaction (HMI) refer to the communication and interaction
between a human and a machine via a user interface.
• Communication and interaction between a human and a machine via a user interface.
• Nowadays, natural user interfaces such as gestures have gained increasing
attention as they allow humans to control machines through natural and intuitive
• HCI (Human Computer Interaction) is the study of how people interact with
computers and to what extent computers are or are not developed for successful
interaction with human beings .
• As its name implies, HCI consists of three parts:
I. The user
II. The computer itself, and
III. The ways they work together
23. Human-machine interaction (HMI)
How do users interact with computers?
The user interacts directly with hardware for the human input and output such as displays,
e.g. through a graphical user interface.
The user interacts with the computer over this software interface using the given input and
output (I/O) hardware.
How important is human computer interaction?
The goal of HCI is to improve the interaction between users and
computers by making computers more user-friendly and receptive to the user's
The main advantages of HCI are simplicity, ease of deployment & operations, cost
savings for smaller set-ups, reduce solution design time, Integration complexity
24. Human-machine interaction (HMI)
Disciplines Contributing to Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)
Cognitive psychology: Limitations, information processing, performance
prediction, cooperative working, and capabilities.
Computer science: graphics, technology, prototyping tools, user interface management
Engineering and design
26. Future Trends in Emerging Technologies
Some emerging technologies that will shape the future of you and
Emerging technologies are taking over our minds more and more each
day. Now adays:
Chatbots: automatic reply
At the end of the day, we can either adapt or die
are shaping our life whether
we like it or not.