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Kelainan pada sistem pencernaan

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Kelainan pada sistem pencernaan

  1. 1. OLEH: IKA OKTARIYANTI ISLAMI NURUL HUDA SAIBATUL LINADZIROH WELLY ANDRI PUSPYANTORO
  2. 2. KELAINAN PADA MULUT • GIGI BERLUBANG • GINGIVITIS (PERADANGAN GUSI) • PERIODONTITIS (PERADANGAN PADA JARINGAN YANG MENDUKUNG GIGI) • XEROSTOMIA  MULUT KERING. SEKRESI MUKOSA DALAM MULUT BERKURANG Periodontitis
  3. 3. KELAINAN PADA MULUT • SARIAWAN (SKORBUT)  DEFISIENSI VITAMIN C • DISGEUSIA  KELAINAN AKIBAT KEKURANGAN ZN DALAM TUBUH • HIPOGEUSIA  KURANG PEKA TERHADAP CITA RASA MAKANAN. PEMICU  SODIUM LAURIL SULFAT (SLS) PADA PASTA GIGI. RASA ASAM MENJADI PAHIT, RASA MANIS MENJADI KURANG MANIS. • GLOSSITIS  PERADANGAN LIDAH KARENA DEFISIENSI VITAMIN B1 (MERAH TERBAKAR). Disgeusia
  4. 4. KELAINAN PADA SALURAN PENCERNAAN • FARINGITIS  RADANG PADA PANGKAL TENGGOROKAN • FLATUS  MASUKNYA GAS- GAS DALAM SALURAN PENCERNAAN. MISAL: CO2 , METANA, HIDROGEN
  5. 5. KELAINAN PADA ORGAN TAMBAHAN DAN KELENJAR • PAROTIS (GONDONG)  INFEKSI KELENJAR PAROTIS. • PANKREASITIS  RADANG PANKREAS. PENYEBAB: ALKOHOL, TONJOLAN VATERI (AKHIR SALURAN OENGELUARAN PANKREAS) • SIROSIS  PENGERASAN HATI. BANYAKNYA JARINGAN PENYAMBUNG YANG TERTUMPUK DALAM HATI. HATI YANG TERDAPAT JARINGAN INI AKAN BANYAK BENJOLAN, MENCIUT, DAN MENGERAS. • JAUNDICE (SAKIT KUNING)  PENYUMBATAN SALURAN KE KANTONG EMPEDU. Sirosis
  6. 6. KELAINAN PADA LAMBUNG • MAAG • GASTRITIS  PERADANGAN MUKOSA LAMBUNG • ULKUS (TUKAK LAMBUNG)  PERADANGAN DINDING LAMBUNG AKIBAT PRODUKSI ASAM LAMBUNG LEBIH BANYAK DARIPADA JUMLAH MAKANAN YANG MASUK. • ANEMIA PERNISIOSUS  DEFISIENSI VITAMIN B12 • PERITONITIS  LUKA DAN PERADANGAN PADA SELAPUT RONGGA PERUT. DISEBABKAN OLEH TUKAK LAMBUNG DAN APENDISITIS YANG KRONIS. • KANKER LAMBUNG, BIASANYA DISEBABKAN OLEH KONSUMSI ALKOHOL YANG BERLEBIHAN, MEROKOK, DAN SERING MENGKONSUMSI MAKANAN AWETAN. • KOLIK  RASA SAKIT BERULANG-ULANG KARENA KONTRAKSI OTOT DINDING LAMBUNG ATAU USUS YANG KUAT. BIASANYA DIPICU OLEH MAKANAN PERANGSANG
  7. 7. KELAINAN PADA USUS • DIARE  INFEKSI KUMAN PADA KOLON YANG MENGAKIBATKAN FESES TERLALU CEPAT KELUAR. • SEMBELIT (KONSTIPASI)  SUSAH BUANG AIR BESAR, YANG DISEBABKAN PENYERAPAN AIR PADA KOLON YANG BERLEBIHAN. • APENDISITIS (USUS BUNTU)  PERADANGAN PADA APENDIKS (UMBAI CACING) YANG DISEBABKAN OLEH INFEKSI BAKTERI. • KOLITIS ATAU RADANG USUS BESAR  GEJALANYA BERUPA DIARE, KRAM PERUT, ATAU KONSTIPASI, BAHKAN DAPAT TERJADI PENDARAHAN DAN LUKA PADA USUS.
  8. 8. MATUR NUWUN

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