encompasses three optional modes of operation.”
Telecommunications Union (ITU) of a single CDMA third generation standard that
“Qualcomm and Ericsson ... jointly support approval by the International
Jun 1999 found compromise at the OHG.
“Qualcomm … is not prepared to grant licences according to the … ETSI IPR Policy.”
fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory basis in accordance with the ... ETSI IPR Policy.”
“Ericsson … is prepared to grant licences to these [W-CDMA & TD-CDMA] patents on
Dec 1998 saw a stand-off in standards.
WCDMA, WTDMA, OFDMA, Global CDMA 1 & 2.
Asia Pacific (ARIB & TTA):
WCDMA N/A, UWC-136, cdma2000, WIMS WCDMA, WP-CDMA.
North America(T1P1, TR45.3, TR45.5, TR46.1):
WCDMA, WTDMA,TDMA/CDMA, OFDMA, ODMA.
Secure link: a linear sequence of length 2
Benefits of wideband signals: multipath provides temporal diversity instead of ISI.
Spectral re-use factor of 1: all cells can use the same frequency spectrum.
Low cross-correlation (at any time offset).
High auto-correlation (at any time offset).
What are their important properties?
in to a low amplitude, wide bandwidth signal.
Converts a high amplitude, narrow bandwidth signal
How do they work?
Pseudo-random sequences: Gold codes, Kasami codes (M-sequences).
‘W’ of WCDMA.