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TeliaSonera International Carrier 
CONNECTIVITY FIRST WORLD PROBLEM 
OR BASIC HUMAN RIGHT?
INTERNET A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT? 
ISOC A FREE AND OPEN INTERNET 
BACKBONE HOW THE BACKBONE ENABLES THE INTERNET
THE SPOILED GENERATION
FIRST WORLD PROBLEMS?
HOW DID WE GET HERE?
7
8
9
10
Michael Kende 
Chief Economist 
Graham Minton 
Director, Resource Development
A Free and Open 
INTERNET. 
The Internet Society - keeping the Internet open, thriving, and benefitting people around the ...
www.internetsociety.org 
What is the Internet Society? 
The Internet Society (ISOC) is a cause-based organization that wor...
History 
Founded in 1992 by Internet pioneers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn as an international non-profit organization. 
The Int...
Global Presence 
100+ 
Chapters Worldwide 
65,000+ 
Members and 
Supporters 
150+ 
Organization Members 
6 
Regional Burea...
How We Work To Protect Our Internet 
Operating at the intersection of policy, technology, and development allows the Inter...
The Internet Society at Work 
To achieve our mission, the Internet Society: 
Provides leadership in policy issues 
Advocat...
The Internet Society released its first annual Global Internet Report this year 
18
The Open Internet resulted from users having a central role in development and governance 
19
The result has been significant milestones over the past ten years 
Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft 
The rise of fixed broad...
Mobile broadband access has made significant inroads, based in part on smartphones 
21 
0 
1'000 
2'000 
3'000 
4'000 
5'0...
Mobile broadband is particularly growing in developing regions 
22 
Source: Analysys Mason, 2013
The result is some big numbers 
23
The open Internet offers significant opportunities 
24
25 
However, Internet penetration levels vary significantly 
Source: ITU 2013
26 
The digital divide is not binary 
Cannot have Internet: 
“no computer/internet” 
“too expensive” 
Could have Internet:...
27 
There are issues that impact each group of users or potential users 
Could have Internet 
Cannot have Internet 
• 
Acc...
28 
Have Internet 
For existing users, the quality of fixed access varies significantly 
Source: NetIndex 2014
The Internet is subject to disruption, often from governments to avoid short-run political uses… 
29 
Have Internet 
Sourc...
30 
… and many governments limit content over the long-run as well 
Have Internet 
Source: Freedom House 2013
While operators will need to address rising traffic from media-rich content 
31 
0 
'1 
'2 
'3 
'4 
'5 
'6 
2011 
2012 
20...
Availability of content limits interest for non-users 
32 
Could have Internet 
Source: Google, 2013 
Google Play availabi...
33 
Source: Internet Society Global Internet Report 2014 
Language is a significant issue, and English remains over- repre...
The location of content impacts latency of access 
34 
Could have Internet 
Roundtrip time in ms to access YouTube 
Source...
Impact of locally hosted content: Google Global Cache in Kenya 
35 
Could have Internet 
Google content increased as a res...
Internet availability has benefited from the widespread availability of cellular 
36 
0% 
20% 
40% 
60% 
80% 
100% 
Cellul...
37 
Affordability is still a constraint in many countries 
Cannot have Internet 
Source: Internet Society Global Internet ...
The Internet value chain contains multiple links 
38 
 
Internet access service results from international and national c...
International connectivity is increasing rapidly 
39 
 
Only 2 cables existed before 2009 
– 
SEA-ME-WE 3 (North, 2000) 
...
Prices of access to Europe still differ widely, particularly for landlocked countries 
40 
Source: Lifting barriers to Int...
41 
Recommendations 
Could have Internet 
Cannot have Internet 
• 
Increase operator diversity by liberalising the Interna...
Conclusion 
 
Progress over the past ten years would have been unimaginable 
– 
Mobile broadband has overtaken fixed 
– 
...
www.internetsociety.org 
Michael Kende – Chief Economist 
kende@isoc.org 
Graham Minton – Director, Resource Development 
...
HOW THE BACKBONE ENABLES THE INTERNET
US & 
Canada 
Africa 
Asia 
Europe 
Latin 
America 
Internationalnternet Bandwith (Gbps) 
5,000 
2,500 
1,000 
100 
Source...
#2 
Europe 
Source: Renesys ranking 2014-09-29 
#2 
Middle 
East 
#2 
North 
America 
#4 
Asia 
Top 2 
GLOBAL 
#1 
South 
...
But here’s the challenge… 
Anywhereization means data. Staggering quantities, multiplying at a staggering rate. 
The video...
ENABLING BANDWIDTH EXPLOSION 
Traffic volume in TSIC’s network 
1998 
Large TSIC clients using approx. 0.045 Gbps 
2014 La...
CARRYING YOUR BIG IDEA 
TRANSIT SERVICES 
CAPACITY SERVICES 
INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES 
NURTURE 
MATURE
TSIC IP Network 
AS 1299 
Incubation Own Premises Single Rack No AS IP Connect@ nGE 
TSIC Ethernet 
Frankfurt 
GROWING YOU...
TSIC IP Network 
AS 1299 
Growth Server farms in multiple countries 
Own AS 
Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n10GE 
AS...
Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft 
TSIC IP Network 
AS 1299 
More Growth Server farms & Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n1...
TSIC IP Network 
AS 1299 
Maturity Server farms & Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n10GE EVPL, ELAN 
Wavelength system ...
Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft 
YOU CAN´T PREDICT THE FUTURE BUT YOU CAN BE READY
Connectivity – First world problem or basic human right?
Connectivity – First world problem or basic human right?
Connectivity – First world problem or basic human right?
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Connectivity – First world problem or basic human right?

  1. 1. TeliaSonera International Carrier CONNECTIVITY FIRST WORLD PROBLEM OR BASIC HUMAN RIGHT?
  2. 2. INTERNET A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT? ISOC A FREE AND OPEN INTERNET BACKBONE HOW THE BACKBONE ENABLES THE INTERNET
  3. 3. THE SPOILED GENERATION
  4. 4. FIRST WORLD PROBLEMS?
  5. 5. HOW DID WE GET HERE?
  6. 6. 7
  7. 7. 8
  8. 8. 9
  9. 9. 10
  10. 10. Michael Kende Chief Economist Graham Minton Director, Resource Development
  11. 11. A Free and Open INTERNET. The Internet Society - keeping the Internet open, thriving, and benefitting people around the globe.
  12. 12. www.internetsociety.org What is the Internet Society? The Internet Society (ISOC) is a cause-based organization that works with governments, industries, and others to ensure the technologies and policies that helped develop and evolve the Internet will continue into the future. We believe in an Internet that is open to everyone, everywhere and aim to ensure that it will continue to be a tool for creativity, innovation, and economic growth. MISSION: To promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world.
  13. 13. History Founded in 1992 by Internet pioneers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn as an international non-profit organization. The Internet Society is the organizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the primary entity responsible for establishing the Internet’s open standards and best practices. For more details, visit www.internetsociety.org/history
  14. 14. Global Presence 100+ Chapters Worldwide 65,000+ Members and Supporters 150+ Organization Members 6 Regional Bureaus 18 Countries with ISOC Offices NORTH AMERICA LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN EUROPE AFRICA THE MIDDLE EAST ASIA SEPT 2014 Chapters
  15. 15. How We Work To Protect Our Internet Operating at the intersection of policy, technology, and development allows the Internet Society to be a thought leader on issues key to the Internet’s continued growth and evolution. Technology Development Policy
  16. 16. The Internet Society at Work To achieve our mission, the Internet Society: Provides leadership in policy issues Advocates open Internet Standards Promotes Internet technologies that matter Develops Internet infrastructure Undertakes outreach that changes lives Recognizes industry leaders
  17. 17. The Internet Society released its first annual Global Internet Report this year 18
  18. 18. The Open Internet resulted from users having a central role in development and governance 19
  19. 19. The result has been significant milestones over the past ten years Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft The rise of fixed broadband… … developing countries… … and now mobile broadband…
  20. 20. Mobile broadband access has made significant inroads, based in part on smartphones 21 0 1'000 2'000 3'000 4'000 5'000 6'000 2011 2012 2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017* 2018* Connections (million) Western Europe Central and Eastern Europe North America Developed Asia-Pacific Emerging Asia-Pacific Middle East and North Africa Caribbean and Latin America Sub-Saharan Africa 0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0 1,2 1,4 1,6 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017* Handset shipments (billion) Smartphone Other handsets Source: Analysys Mason, 2013
  21. 21. Mobile broadband is particularly growing in developing regions 22 Source: Analysys Mason, 2013
  22. 22. The result is some big numbers 23
  23. 23. The open Internet offers significant opportunities 24
  24. 24. 25 However, Internet penetration levels vary significantly Source: ITU 2013
  25. 25. 26 The digital divide is not binary Cannot have Internet: “no computer/internet” “too expensive” Could have Internet: “no interest/not useful” “don’t know how to use/confused” “no time” World Internet Project polled non-adopters for reasons Source: Internet Society Global Internet Report 2014 Have Internet
  26. 26. 27 There are issues that impact each group of users or potential users Could have Internet Cannot have Internet • Access speeds vary greatly across countries • Low international resilience increases disruptions • Filtering impacts the value of Internet access • Increased users and usage can lead to congestion • Availability of content reduces interest • Language of content also has a significant impact • Location of content hosting impacts performance • Availability issues are decreased due to mobile broadband • Affordability is still a significant concern Resolving each set of issues helps the next group Have Internet
  27. 27. 28 Have Internet For existing users, the quality of fixed access varies significantly Source: NetIndex 2014
  28. 28. The Internet is subject to disruption, often from governments to avoid short-run political uses… 29 Have Internet Source: Renesys 2014
  29. 29. 30 … and many governments limit content over the long-run as well Have Internet Source: Freedom House 2013
  30. 30. While operators will need to address rising traffic from media-rich content 31 0 '1 '2 '3 '4 '5 '6 2011 2012 2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017* 2018* Traffic per connection (MB/month thousand) Western Europe Central and Eastern Europe North America Developed Asia-Pacific Emerging Asia-Pacific Middle East and North Africa Latin America Sub-Saharan Africa World Have Internet Source: Analysys Mason, 2013
  31. 31. Availability of content limits interest for non-users 32 Could have Internet Source: Google, 2013 Google Play availability by content type
  32. 32. 33 Source: Internet Society Global Internet Report 2014 Language is a significant issue, and English remains over- represented Could have Internet
  33. 33. The location of content impacts latency of access 34 Could have Internet Roundtrip time in ms to access YouTube Source: RIPE Atlas, 2014
  34. 34. Impact of locally hosted content: Google Global Cache in Kenya 35 Could have Internet Google content increased as a result of the cache; all of it went through the KIXP
  35. 35. Internet availability has benefited from the widespread availability of cellular 36 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cellular coverage 3G coverage Cellular penetration Internet penetration Mobile broadband penetration Fixed broadband penetration Availability and adoption in Rwanda  Mobile broadband coverage is high in many countries – Cellular coverage grew quickly in many countries, leapfrogging fixed – Offering Internet is not a significant upgrade on voice  Price remains a critical factor – In 2012, broadband cost 26% of average monthly income in Rwanda – This owes to a number of factors along the value chain Cannot have Internet Source: ITU, 2013
  36. 36. 37 Affordability is still a constraint in many countries Cannot have Internet Source: Internet Society Global Internet Report 2014 Cost of broadband as % of per capita GDP
  37. 37. The Internet value chain contains multiple links 38  Internet access service results from international and national connectivity along with last mile access  There are many points at which a policy shortfall could increase the price of Internet service and thereby lower access  This is true in spite of significant investments in recent years across the value chain Source: Lifting barriers to Internet development in Africa Cannot have Internet
  38. 38. International connectivity is increasing rapidly 39  Only 2 cables existed before 2009 – SEA-ME-WE 3 (North, 2000) – SAT3 (West Coast, 2001)  International connectivity was significant cost – Submarine cables were monopoly operated – Satellite access up to $2000/Mbps Cannot have Internet
  39. 39. Prices of access to Europe still differ widely, particularly for landlocked countries 40 Source: Lifting barriers to Internet development in Africa Cannot have Internet
  40. 40. 41 Recommendations Could have Internet Cannot have Internet • Increase operator diversity by liberalising the International gateway • Increase network and route diversity by lowering cross-border barriers • Increase robustness and resilience of Internet security and privacy • Create an enabling environment for creation, use, and access to content • Work to deploy caches and servers in country to host content locally • Government should seed market by developing own content • Remove domestic barriers to connectivity such as rights-of-way policies • Remove high taxes on equipment and devices Have Internet
  41. 41. Conclusion  Progress over the past ten years would have been unimaginable – Mobile broadband has overtaken fixed – Developing country users have overtaken developed country – Video has become the dominant source of traffic  As we reach 3 billion users, we have at least three challenges – Level up the Internet so current users enjoy better services – Promote locally relevant content to generate interest – Remove roadblocks to increase affordability of access  Ten years from now we want to look back with sustained wonder at the progress made
  42. 42. www.internetsociety.org Michael Kende – Chief Economist kende@isoc.org Graham Minton – Director, Resource Development minton@isoc.org Thank You
  43. 43. HOW THE BACKBONE ENABLES THE INTERNET
  44. 44. US & Canada Africa Asia Europe Latin America Internationalnternet Bandwith (Gbps) 5,000 2,500 1,000 100 Source: TeleGeography, 2014-08-14 INTERNET BANDWITH 2014
  45. 45. #2 Europe Source: Renesys ranking 2014-09-29 #2 Middle East #2 North America #4 Asia Top 2 GLOBAL #1 South America INTERNET BACKBONE RANKING
  46. 46. But here’s the challenge… Anywhereization means data. Staggering quantities, multiplying at a staggering rate. The video content that will cross the world’s networks every month in 2016 would take six million years* to watch. *Source:Cisco ONE? MEET ZERO.
  47. 47. ENABLING BANDWIDTH EXPLOSION Traffic volume in TSIC’s network 1998 Large TSIC clients using approx. 0.045 Gbps 2014 Large TSIC clients using approx. 400 Gbps +20,000% volume increase 1998 -99 -00 -01 -02 -03 -04 -05 -06 -07 -08 -09 -10 -11 2012 -13 2014 8,000 Gbps In 2012, 50% of all internet traffic is video
  48. 48. CARRYING YOUR BIG IDEA TRANSIT SERVICES CAPACITY SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES NURTURE MATURE
  49. 49. TSIC IP Network AS 1299 Incubation Own Premises Single Rack No AS IP Connect@ nGE TSIC Ethernet Frankfurt GROWING YOUR BIG IDEA
  50. 50. TSIC IP Network AS 1299 Growth Server farms in multiple countries Own AS Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n10GE ASxxx ASxxx Frankfurt Hong Kong New York GROWING YOUR BIG IDEA
  51. 51. Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft TSIC IP Network AS 1299 More Growth Server farms & Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n10GE EVPL, ELAN between sites or branch offices (secure data transfer, backup etc.) TSIC Ethernet ASxxx ASxxx ASxxx Frankfurt Hong Kong New York GROWING YOUR BIG IDEA
  52. 52. TSIC IP Network AS 1299 Maturity Server farms & Colocation Multi-homed IP Transit @ n10GE EVPL, ELAN Wavelength system and Public Peering TSIC Ethernet ASxxx ASxxx ASxxx Frankfurt Hong Kong New York DWDM (n10GE & n100GE) GROWING YOUR BIG IDEA
  53. 53. Relation Identifier 0.1 Draft YOU CAN´T PREDICT THE FUTURE BUT YOU CAN BE READY
  • vincentiusr

    Jun. 11, 2016

Connectivity – First world problem or basic human right?

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