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Medicine

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Medicine

  1. 1. 1 November Medicine
  2. 2. Impacts in Medicine <ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul>
  3. 3. Medical Imaging <ul><li>Diagnostic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better than exploratory surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to “see” soft tissues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce 3D images from a large number of 2D slices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assistive in surgery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Computed Tomography <ul><li>Medical imaging method that uses x-rays </li></ul>
  5. 5. Magnetic Resonance Tomography <ul><li>Creates images of the inside of opaque objects </li></ul><ul><li>Does not require radiation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excites hydrogen nuclei in water molecules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distinguishes pathological tissues from normal ones by density </li></ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ultrasound <ul><li>Easily portable </li></ul><ul><li>Based on sound echos </li></ul>
  7. 7. Surgery Assistance <ul><li>Laparoscopic Surgery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber optic system allows surgeon to see through a video feed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses long thin instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2001: first transatlantic surgery was a laparoscopic gall bladder removal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laser eye surgery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires precise direction of laser </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Remote surgery <ul><li>Useful in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War zones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telepresence: ability to act as if you were actually at another place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telerobotics: an agent at the other end to perform the tasks </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Virtual Environments <ul><li>Usually requires head mounted display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displays images that you would see </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjusts the images as you move </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haptic feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smells </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Virtual Environments: Other Uses <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency teams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acclimation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcoming phobias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Research at UNC <ul><li>http:// midag.cs.unc.edu / </li></ul>
  12. 12. Others <ul><li>Pace makers </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin testers and pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Wheel chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Design of prosthetic devices </li></ul><ul><li>Will we some day have a bionic person? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Health Care <ul><li>Record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More diagnostic tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More vaccines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administering drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Billing </li></ul>
  14. 14. Information <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WebMD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>medco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Individual diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes: http://www.diabetes.org/home.jsp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alzheimer’s: http://www.alz.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nutrition and fitness </li></ul>

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