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  1. 1. Direct-to-Discovery Warren Matthews and Brian Flanagan. (Georgia Tech).
  2. 2. Abstract <ul><li>The direct to discovery program connects leading edge science and scientists to middle and high-schoolers </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing HD videoconferencing over high speed networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Students have explored the clean room at Georgia Tech and examined nano-tubes under an electron microscope. </li></ul><ul><li>Students have also talked to genome researchers at UGA, questioned engineers at NASA, and experienced music with the Philadelphia Orchestra. </li></ul><ul><li>As the program grows, students will interact with divers at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary and remotely access telescopes. </li></ul><ul><li>This presentation will detail the technical aspects of the project and how other researchers and schools can get involved. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What’s New? <ul><li>D2D is not Distance Learning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Augment book learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage the student and interact with the scientists. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Logical next step </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use technology to expose students to philosophy of research, and better prepare them for college and the 21 st Century workforce. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some offer college credit. </li></ul><ul><li>Other K-12 outreach. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of educating the digital natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Doom and Gloom of STEM crisis. </li></ul>
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Equipment <ul><li>Polycom HDX9004, Tandberg Edge 95, LifeSize Express </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HD (720p) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1080p offerings have been announced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large Screen Monitors, camera etc </li></ul><ul><li>Also required – high speed network connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-6 Mbps </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Internet <ul><li>The Internet has had a significant impact on teaching, learning and research at the University level. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect resources and needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And has the potential to do the same thing at the K-12 level. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet access is no longer something nice to have. </li></ul><ul><li>It is critical for teaching and learning in the 21 st century classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Erate funding has committed over $19b in the last 10 years to get schools connected to the Internet. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Internet2 (1/2) <ul><li>Advanced Networking in General. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R&E Networking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 100 Mbps. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also latency, routing, bandwidth per student. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Backbone Network. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also National Lambda Rail (NLR). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organization for User Communities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. K20 group. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not to be confused with Web 2.0. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Internet2 (2/2) <ul><li>Translate to connectivity with meaningful bandwidth, and the applications that make use of it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three legs of a stool. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add a fourth leg for added stability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic participants </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Beyond the Bandwidth Barrier <ul><li>Additional capacity is just the first step. </li></ul><ul><li>What becomes possible if there was almost unlimited bandwidth? </li></ul><ul><li>R&E networking enables advanced applications for new learning experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Also see </li></ul>
  10. 10. What Else Is It Good For? <ul><li>The applications mentioned on the MUSE site ( ): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Videoconferencing (D2D) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teleimmersion/telepresence (Gray’s Reef) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote control of scientific instrumentation (ORNL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensors, simulations, haptics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment and Professional Development </li></ul>
  11. 11. Barrow County Schools <ul><li>Barrow is a small county between Atlanta and Athens. </li></ul><ul><li>Growing suburb of Atlanta, bedroom community. Attracting Clean Industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the problems of rural districts without the benefit of being counted as rural. </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of Technology to fill the needs, including significantly more bandwidth. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 11,000 students in 14 schools. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Peachnet <ul><li>Peachnet passes within 5 miles of 35 school district offices. </li></ul><ul><li>SOX connects most of the R&E institutes in the South East to National and International destinations. </li></ul>
  13. 13. SEGP <ul><li>Sponsored Education Group Participant. </li></ul><ul><li>SOX sponsors Peachnet. </li></ul><ul><li>Any K-12 District connecting to Peachnet will get connectivity to Internet2/NLR via SOX. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve performance, enabling access to rich content. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Utilization More capacity means less congestion Immediately see usage 2-3x previous capacity. District upgraded from 20 Mbps to 155 Mbps (Peachnet).
  15. 15. A Typical K-12 System in Georgia. Severely congested pipes mean long queues in routers. This graph show the delay (in milliseconds) between the clean room at Georgia Tech and a district central office . In the evenings and weekends, delay is 5 milliseconds.
  16. 16. A K-12 System Connected to Peachnet. 2.2 milliseconds 2.4 milliseconds 001e.4fbf.e53d 001e.4fbf.e53d 001e.4fbf.e53d This graph show the delay (in milliseconds) between the clean room at Georgia Tech and a district central office .
  17. 17. Get Involved <ul><li>This community can help </li></ul><ul><li>Connect your local school district </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember 35 districts are within 5 miles of Peachnet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide Rich Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing K-12 Outreach programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portal/ </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Summary <ul><li>D2D attempts to bring research labs into K-12 classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Augment teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Expose students to the philosophy of research, better prepare them for college and the 21 st century workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Can you help? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Acknowledgements <ul><li>The teachers and staff at Barrow County District Schools: Ed, John, Kevin, Marshall, Ron, Amy, Pam, Kristy. </li></ul><ul><li>And other districts: Mindy, Jim, Keith. </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers at Georgia Tech (content providers): Greg, Joel, Jud, Jim. </li></ul><ul><li>Others: Paul, Claudia, Jim. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Any Questions?