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Finnish technology industry, September 2018

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Economic outlook: Finnish technology industry and economy, monthly statistics

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Finnish technology industry, September 2018

  1. 1. Technology Industry / Finnish Economic Outlook September 2018 19/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  2. 2. Overcoming the Gap in GDP Will Require 3.0% Growth in Finland Annually in 2018-2023 220.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus *) The IMF forecast for the euro area in April 2018: 2.4% in 2018, 2.0% in 2019, 1.7% in 2020, 1.5% in 2021, 1.5% in 2022, 1.4% in 2023 Source: Macrobond, IMF, Federation of Finnish Technology Industry
  3. 3. The Finnish Technology Industry Is Comprised of Five Sub-Sectors 39/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland ELEKTRONICS AND ELECTROTECHNICAL INDUSTRY ABB, Ensto, Microsoft Mobile, Murata Electronics, Nokia, Planmeca, Polar Electro, Suunto, Vacon, Vaisala… METALS INDUSTRY Boliden, Componenta, Kuusakoski, Luvata, Outokumpu, Outotec, Ovako, Sacotec, SSAB … MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Abloy, Cargotec, Finn-Power, Fiskars, Glaston, Kone, Konecranes, Metso, Meyer Turku, Normet, Oras, Patria, Pemamek, Ponsse, Stala, Valmet, Valtra, Wärtsilä… INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Affecto, Basware, Bilot, CGI, Comptel, Digia, Efecte, Enfo, F-Secure, Fujitsu Finland, IBM, Innofactor, Knowit, Microsoft, Nixu, Tieto… CONSULTING ENGINEERING A-Insinöörit, Citec, Elomatic, Etteplan, FCG, Granlund, Neste Jacobs, Pöyry, Ramboll, Rejlers, SITO, SWECO, WSP…
  4. 4. The Finnish Technology Industry Is Comprised of Five Sub-Sectors 4 ELEKTRONICS AND ELECTROTECHNICAL INDUSTRY • Data communications equipment, electrical machinery, medical technology • Turnover (2017): 14.4 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 37,800 METALS INDUSTRY • Steel products, non-ferrous metals, castings, metallic minerals • Turnover (2017): 10.1 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 16,100 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING • Machinery, metal products, vehicles • Turnover (2017): 29.9 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 127,900 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • IT services, applications and programming • Turnover (2017): 12.3 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 66,900 CONSULTING ENGINEERING • Expertise for construction industry and infrastructure • Turnover (2017): 6.0 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 50,900 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  5. 5. The Technology Industry – the Largest Export Sector in Finland 5 • 51 % of total Finnish exports. • Companies invest about EUR 5.0 billion annually in Finland. • 70 % of private-sector R&D investment. • Some 310,000 employed directly in the sector. • Technology Industries of Finland has over 1,600 member companies. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  6. 6. Turnover of the Technology Industry in Finland 6Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland, Technology Industries of Finland9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  7. 7. 7*) In addition to goods exports the sector exported services worth some 13 billion euros. Source: National Board of Customs, Statistics Finland Export of Technology Industry Goods from Finland by Area in 2017 Total goods exports 30.6 billion euros* North America 2.79 billion € 9.1 % Western Europe 16.44 billion € 53.7 % South and Middle America 0.84 billion € 2.8 % Central and Eastern Europe 5.11 billion € 16.6 % Africa 0.43 billion € 1.4 % Middle and Central East 0.51 billion € 1.7 % Asia 4.51 billion € 14.7 % 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  8. 8. Technology, Forest and Chemical Industries Provide 81 % of Finland's Goods and Services Exports Revenue Goods and service exports: billion euros and the share of Finnish exports in 2017 8*) Service exports industry-specific data for the year 2017 are preliminary information. Source: Board of Customs, Statistics Finland (National Accounts, Foreign trade in services), Federation of Finnish Technology Industries 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Technology industry, 43.6, 51% Forest industry; 12.9; 15% Chemical industry; 13; 15% Other branches; 16.1; 19%
  9. 9. Turnover of the Industry and Technology Industry in Finland 9Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  10. 10. Turnover of the Technology Industry in Finland 10Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  11. 11. Value of New Orders in the Technology Industry* in Finland 11Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation April-June 2018. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: II,2018 / II,2017 II,2018 / I,2018 Export: -15 % +6 % Domestic: +13 % -21 % Combined: -9 % -1 % *) Excl. metals industry, game industry and data center companies 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  12. 12. Value of Order Books in the Technology Industry* in Finland 12Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 30.6.2018. 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 22,000 24,000 26,000 Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: 30.6.2018 / 30.6.2017 30.6.2018 / 31.3.2018 Export: +13 % -2 % Domestic: +9 % -7 % Combined: +12 % -3 % *) Excl. metals industry, game industry and data center companies Combined 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  13. 13. Tender Requests* Received by Technology Industry Companies in Finland 13Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, the last questionnaire in July 2018 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 Balance figure 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 *) Have you experienced a notable increase or decrease in the number of requests for tenders in recent weeks in comparison to the situation three months ago?”. Balance figure = the number of companies receiving more requests - the number of companies receiving less requests. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  14. 14. Tender Requests* Received by Technology Industry Anticipate Weaker Order Development in Autumn 14*) Four quarters moving average. Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 Balance figure* (left scale) New orders*, index 2008=100 (right scale) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  15. 15. Value of New Orders in the Electronics and Electrotechnical Industry in Finland 15 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: II,2018 / II,2017 II,2018 / I,2018 Export: +3 % -1 % Domestic: +6 % 0 % Combined: +3 % -1 % Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation April-June 2018.
  16. 16. Value of Order Books in the Electronics and Electrotechnical Industry in Finland 16 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 8,000 8,500 Export Domestic Million euros, at current prices Change: 30.6.2018 / 30.6.2017 30.6.2018 / 31.3.2018 Export: -3 % 0 % Domestic: -2 % 0 % Combined: -3 % 0 % Combined 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 30.6.2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  17. 17. Value of New Orders in the Mechanical Engineering in Finland 17 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: II,2018 / II,2017 II,2018 / I,2018 Export: -24 % +13 % Domestic: +3 % -30 % Combined: -21 % +3 % Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation April-June 2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  18. 18. Value of Order Books in the Mechanical Engineering in Finland 18 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 Export Domestic Million euros, at current prices Change: 30.6.2018 / 30.6.2017 30.6.2018 / 31.3.2018 Export: +18 % -3 % Domestic: +11 % -10 % Combined: +17 % -4 % Combined 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 30.6.2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  19. 19. Value of New Orders in the Consulting Engineering in Finland 19 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: II,2018 / II,2017 II,2018 / I,2018 Export: +9 % -45 % Domestic: +43 % +21 % Combined: +48 % -9 % Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation April-June 2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  20. 20. Value of Order Books in the Consulting Engineering in Finland 20 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: 30.6.2018 / 30.6.2017 30.6.2018 / 31.3.2018 Export: -24 % -11 % Domestic: +38 % 0 % Combined: +23 % -2 % Combined Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 30.6.2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  21. 21. Value of New Orders in the Information Technology* in Finland 21 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: II,2018 / II,2017 II,2018 / I,2018 Combined: +46 % -27 % *) Excl. game industry and data center companies. Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation April-June 2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  22. 22. Value of Order Books in the Information Technology* in Finland 22 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Million euros, at current prices Change: 30.6.2018 / 30.6.2017 30.6.2018 / 31.3.2018 Combined: +3 % -7 % *) Excl. game industry and data center companies. Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 30.6.2018. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  23. 23. Technology Industry Personnel in Finland Has Grown by 10,000 this Year 23Source: Statistics Finland, The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey 150,000 170,000 190,000 210,000 230,000 250,000 270,000 290,000 310,000 330,000 350,000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 (30.6) Personnel in Finland Personnel in subsidiaries abroad 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  24. 24. Technology Industry Personnel in Finland by Branch 249/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Source: Statistics Finland, The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey, Macrobond (Jun 30)
  25. 25. Technology Industry Personnel in Subsidiaries Abroad by Branch 259/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey, Macrobond
  26. 26. Retirement of Technology Industry Personnel in Finland 26 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 Number of individuals retired Number of individuals retiring (estimation) Salaried employees Blue collar employees Individuals per year Source: Wage inquiry of the Techonology Industries of Finland, Finnish Centre for Pensions, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  27. 27. Retirement of Technology Industry Blue Collar Employees in Finland 27 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 Mechanical engineering Metals industry Electronics and electrotechnical industry Individuals per year Source: Wage inquiry of the Techonology Industries of Finland, Finnish Centre for Pensions, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  28. 28. Overview of the Situation in the Technology Industry and Outlook for the Autumn of 2018 28 - Turnover in Finland totalled some EUR 72.7 billion in 2017. Turnover was 7 % higher than in 2016. In 2008, prior to the financial crises, the corresponding figure was EUR 86 billion. - The monetary value of new orders reported between April-June 2018 was slightly lower than in January-March, and 9 % lower than in the corresponding period in 2017. - At the end of June, the value of order books was 3 % lower than at the end of March, but 12 % higher than in June 2017. - The turnover of technology industry companies during the autumn of 2018 is expected to be slightly higher than in the corresponding period last year. - The number of personnel in Finland increased during January-June 2018. Personnel increased by a good of three per cent, or by 10,000 employees from the average number in 2017. On average, the industry employed 310,000 people. In 2008, the industry employed a total of 326,000 people in Finland. - The recruitment activities picked up markedly in 2017 and early 2018. The companies recruited a total of 26,000 new employees during January-June, in 2017 a total of 42,500 employees. 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  29. 29. World Economic Outlook - Finland as a Part of Global Economy 299/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  30. 30. GDP also Grows in Finland, but the Backlog for the Other Euro Area Countries Is up to 8% 30Lähde: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  31. 31. Finland’s Exports Jumped in Early 2017, but the Backlog for the Other Euro Area Countries is 35 % 3120.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Source: Macrobond, Eurostat
  32. 32. Recently, Finland's Economic Growth Has also Been Supported by an Increase in Exports 32Source: Macrobond, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  33. 33. Gross Domestic Product Has Grown Long in Europe and the USA, Finland is Lagging Behind 33Souce: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  34. 34. 349/20/2018 Lähde: Macrobond In China and India Growth Continues, also Brazil Is Now Growing Share of global GDP in China, India, Brazil and Russia is 31 % (adjusted for PP) Technology Industries of Finland
  35. 35. 359/20/2018 Latest information August 2018 Source: Markit Economic Growth in the Euro Area Is Slowing Down Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI), 50 = no change from previous month Technology Industries of Finland
  36. 36. Industrial Production Has also Grown in Finland, but the Backlog to Other EU Countries Is 15% 369/20/2018 Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland
  37. 37. Industrial Production Volume in the EU Countries 379/20/2018 Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland
  38. 38. Finland’s Industrial Production Has Lagged Behind the Competition Countries 38Source: Macrobond, The CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy AnalysisTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  39. 39. 399/20/2018 Latest information August 2018 Source: Markit Industrial Production in China is Growing Slightly Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in China Technology Industries of Finland
  40. 40. 409/20/2018 Latest information August 2018 Source: Markit Industrial Production in Russia Is Decreasing Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in Russia Technology Industries of Finland
  41. 41. 419/20/2018 Latest information August 2018 Source: Markit Industrial Production in Brazil Remains Unchanged Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in Brazil Technology Industries of Finland
  42. 42. 42Source: Macrobond Industrial Production in the USA is Growing Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry 50 = no change from previous month Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  43. 43. 43Souce: Macrobond Fixed Investments Have also Grown in Brazil Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  44. 44. 44Source: Macrobond, The CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis Strongest Growth in World Trade Is already Behind Export volume 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  45. 45. Imports to China Have Increased from Several Countries 45Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  46. 46. EU Exports to Russia Have Recovered only Slightly 46Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  47. 47. Russia’s Share* of Technology Industry Exports from Finland Has Lowered to Some 5 Per Cent 47*) Soviet Union up to 1991 Source: Finnish Customs 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018(1-5) Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018 %
  48. 48. 48Source: IMF (July 2018) The World Economy Is Projected to Grow by 3.9% in 2018 GDP growth in 2018 / 2017, % -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 North America Western Europe Japan China India RestofEastern Europe Russia Brazil Mexico RestofLatin America MiddleEast andAfrica Average growth: +3,9 % The width of the bar indicates the share of global GDP in 2017 (adjusted for purchasing power parity), % Rest of Asia Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  49. 49. 49Source: IMF (July 2018), Finnish Customs Demand in the Finnish Technology Industry Export Market is Expected to Grow by 2.8 % in 2018 GDP growth in 2018 / 2017, % -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 North America Western Europe Japan China India Rest of Asia Restof Eastern Europe Russia Brazil RestofLatinAmerica MiddleEastandAfrica Average growth: +2,8 % Mexico The width of the bar indicates the export share of technology industry from Finland in 2016, % Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  50. 50. Finland’s Economic Growth Relies on Exports and Investments 50Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  51. 51. Finnish Exports Have Lagged Behind the Competition Countries 51Source: Macrobond, EurostatTechnology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  52. 52. Growth Paradox: the Downsized Industry Has Limited Opportunities to Increase Finnish Exports 52Source: Statistics Finland / industrial production volume index 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 Industrial production, with capacity in full use (theoretical level), left axis Industrial production, at fixed prices (2008 = 100), left axis Industrial capacity utilization,%, right axis-17 % 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 -18 % Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  53. 53. 53Source: Macrobond, Eurostat The Decline in Exports and Recession: the Public Debt and Total Tax Rate Increased Significantly Increased cost burden requires cuts to public sector Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  54. 54. Unlike the Competition Countries, in Finland Business Investment Is Still Below the Level in 2008 5420.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Source: OECD, Economic Outlook (June 2018) 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e 2019e Corporate investments, at fixed prices, index 2008=100 USA Sweden Switzerland Netherlands Germany Finland
  55. 55. 55Source: Statistics Finland, (National Accounts), The Confederation of Finnish Industries* investment survey (June 2018) Investments in the Manufacturing and Technology Industry in Finland Do Not Promise Long-Term Strong Growth 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e Manufacturing industry (incl. technology industry) Technology industry (incl. information technology and consulting engineering) Production and R&D investments in Finland, million euros, at fixed 2017 prices Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  56. 56. Industrial Productive and R&D Investment in Finland Have Not Yet Reached the 2007-2008 Levels 56*) Including software investments. Source: Statistics Finland (National Accounts), Confederation of Finnish Industries’ Investment Survey June 2018 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e Productive investment R&D investment* R&D investment (excl. electronics industry)* Billion euros, at fixed 2010 prices 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  57. 57. Total Industry Investment in Finland Are Below the Consumption of Fixed Capital 57*) Including software investments. Source: Statistics Finland (National Accounts), Confederation of Finnish Industries’ Investment Survey June 2018 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e Productive and R&D investment* Consumption of Fixed Capital Billion euros, at fixed 2010 prices 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  58. 58. Industrial Productive Investment in Finland Have Reached the Level of Consumption of Productive Capital 58Source: Statistics Finland (National Accounts), Confederation of Finnish Industries’ Investment Survey June 2018 0 1 2 3 4 5 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e Productive investment Consumption of productive capital Billion euros, at fixed 2010 prices 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  59. 59. Industrial Production Capital in Finland Has Disappeared Significantly, Especially after 2008 59Source: Statistics Finland (National Accounts), Confederation of Finnish Industries’ Investment Survey June 2018 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018e Cumulative consumption of productive capital Cumulative productive investment Billion euros, at fixed 2010 prices 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  60. 60. Investments and productivity* are Decisive for Finland’s Success Productivity of export sector is 10 % lower than in 2007-2008, productivity of entire national economy is 3 % lower 60 *) Productivity is measured as real value added per hours worked. When productivity grows (the curve rises) value added grows more than hours worked. Value added = turnover – purchasing of materials and services Value added = labour costs + rents + depreciations + profits Source: Statistics Finland / National Accounts Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  61. 61. 6120.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Latest information October-December 2017. Source: Eurostat: Quarterly National Accounts In Productivity Development, Finland Has a Gap of 25% Compared to EU Average and 20% Compared to Sweden and Germany Value added in manufacturing industry at fixed prices / hours worked 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 EU countries Sweden Germany Finland 2008=100
  62. 62. 6220.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Latest information October-December 2017. Source: Eurostat: Quarterly National Accounts In Productivity Development of the National Economy, Finland Has a Gap of 6% Compared to EU Average and 4% to Sweden and Germany GDP at fixed prices / hours worked 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 EU countries Sweden Germany Finland 2008=100
  63. 63. Investment Rate of Companies in Finland Is Completely Inadequate to Close the Gap between Finland and Other Small European Countries 6320.9.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Source: Eurostat 10 12 14 16 18 20 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Companies’ fixed investment compared to GDP, % Switzerland Sweden Belgium Austria Euro countries Finland
  64. 64. 64 Finland’s Price and Cost Competitiveness vis-à-vis the Euro Countries Is still to be Improved Unit labour costs in the whole economy = labour costs / productivity, including the influence of effective exchange rates 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 2000=100 2005=100 2008=100 Finland’s price and cost competitiveness declines Finland’s price and cost competitiveness improves 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland *) In the ECB Harmonised Competitiveness Index, the average effective exchange rate of each country is calculated vis-à-vis 38 main trade partners, as well as the development of unit labour costs for the total economy. Latest information January-March 2018. Source: European Central Bank
  65. 65. What Should Be Done in Finland? 65 • Support the renewal of the industry. • Taxes should support growth and investment in Finland. • Support decision making in companies related to compensation and working time • No new European nor national burdens on companies, which are deteriorating the competitiveness. Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  66. 66. Long-Term Outlook and Challenges 66 • Global Structural Change Set to Continue Apace o Industrial production and services will relocate to rapidly developing economic areas o Strong growth, large markets, cheap labour and increasing expertise will increase the attractiveness of these regions. • Competition over Skills and Raw Materials Set to Increase o Due to an increase in retirement, the sector’s annual recruitment need in Finland will rise considerably in the coming years. o The availability of reasonably-priced energy also threatens to become an investment bottleneck in Finland • Combating Climate Change o A challenge as costs are set to grow faster than in competitor countries o An opportunity for new environmental and energy technologies Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  67. 67. Technology Industries of Finland 67Teknologiateollisuus9/20/2018
  68. 68. The Federation’s Member Companies 2016 68 250–499 employees 69,035 39% 29,787 17% 28,016 16% 50,683 28% 1,421 92 % 84 5 % 40 2 % 22 1 % Number of enterprises / 1 567 Number of personnel / 177 521 1–249 employees 500–999 employees 1000– employees Technology Industries of Finland 9/20/2018
  69. 69. The Federation’s SME Member Companies 2016 69 481 34% 479 33 % 258 18% 203 14% Number of enterprises / 1 421 Number of personnel / 69 035 5,109 7% 15,290 22% 17,924 26% 30,712 45% 1–19 employees 20–49 employees 50–99 employees 100–249 employees 9/20/2018 Technology Industries of Finland

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