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Finnish technology industry, January 2018

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Economic outlook: Finnish technology industry and economy, monthly statistics

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Finnish technology industry, January 2018

  1. 1. Technology Industry / Finnish Economic Outlook January 2018 12/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  2. 2. The Finnish Technology Industry Is Comprised of Five Sub-Sectors 22/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland ELEKTRONICS AND ELECTROTECHNICAL INDUSTRY ABB, Ensto, Microsoft Mobile, Murata Electronics, Nokia, Planmeca, Polar Electro, Suunto, Vacon, Vaisala… METALS INDUSTRY Boliden, Componenta, Kuusakoski, Luvata, Outokumpu, Outotec, Ovako, Sacotec, SSAB … MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Abloy, Cargotec, Finn-Power, Fiskars, Glaston, Kone, Konecranes, Metso, Meyer Turku, Normet, Oras, Patria, Pemamek, Ponsse, Stala, Valmet, Valtra, Wärtsilä… INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Affecto, Basware, Bilot, CGI, Comptel, Digia, Efecte, Enfo, F-Secure, Fujitsu Finland, IBM, Innofactor, Knowit, Microsoft, Nixu, Tieto… CONSULTING ENGINEERING A-Insinöörit, Citec, Elomatic, Etteplan, FCG, Granlund, Neste Jacobs, Pöyry, Ramboll, Rejlers, SITO, SWECO, WSP…
  3. 3. The Finnish Technology Industry Is Comprised of Five Sub-Sectors 3 ELEKTRONICS AND ELECTROTECHNICAL INDUSTRY • Data communications equipment, electrical machinery, medical technology • Turnover (2017): 14.7 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 39,000 METALS INDUSTRY • Steel products, non-ferrous metals, castings, metallic minerals • Turnover (2017): 10.9 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 15,100 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING • Machinery, metal products, vehicles • Turnover (2017): 30 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 128,000 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • IT services, applications and programming • Turnover (2017): 12.4 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 62,600 CONSULTING ENGINEERING • Expertise for construction industry and infrastructure • Turnover (2017): 6.2 billion euros • Personnel (2017): 52,500 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  4. 4. The Technology Industry – the Largest Export Sector in Finland 4 • 50 % of total Finnish exports. • Companies invest about EUR 5.0 billion annually in Finland. • 70 % of private-sector R&D investment. • Some 300,000 employed directly in the sector, 700,000 employed in total, equalling about 30% of the entire Finnish labour force. • Technology Industries of Finland has over 1,600 member companies. 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  5. 5. Turnover of the Technology Industry in Finland 5Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland, Technology Industries of Finland2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  6. 6. 6*) In addition to goods exports the sector exported services worth some 12.3 billion euros (2015). Source: National Board of Customs, Statistics Finland Export of Technology Industry Goods from Finland by Area in 2016 Total goods exports 25.2 billion euros* North America 2.5 billion € 9.8 % Western Europe 13.7 billion € 53.9 % South and Middle America 0.8 billion € 3.2 % Central and Eastern Europe 3.8 billion € 15.0 % Africa 0.4 billion € 1.7 % Middle and Central East 0.5 billion € 1.8 % Asia 3.7 billion € 14.6 % 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  7. 7. Technology, Forest and Chemical Industries Provide 80 % of Finland's Goods and Services Exports Revenue Goods and service exports: billion euros and the share of Finnish exports in 2016 7*) Service exports industry-specific data for the year 2016 are preliminary information. Source: Board of Customs, Statistics Finland (National Accounts, Foreign trade in services), Federation of Finnish Technology Industries Technology industry 49% Forest industry 16% Chemical industry 15% Other sectors 20% 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  8. 8. Turnover of the Industry and Technology Industry in Finland 8Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  9. 9. Turnover of the Technology Industry in Finland 9Source: Macrobond, Statistics Finland2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  10. 10. Value of New Orders in the Technology Industry* in Finland 10Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation October-December 2017. 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: IV,2017 / IV,2016 IV,2017 / III,2017 Export: +49 % +61 % Domestic: +16 % +34 % Combined: +40 % +54 % *) Excl. metals industry, game industry and data center companies 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  11. 11. Value of Order Books in the Technology Industry* in Finland 11Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 31.12.2017 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 22,000 24,000 26,000 Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: 31.12.2017 / 31.12.2016 31.12.2017 / 30.9.2017 Export: +32 % +12 % Domestic: +4 % +5 % Combined: +25 % +11 % *) Excl. metals industry, game industry and data center companies Combined 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  12. 12. Tender Requests* Received by Technology Industry Companies in Finland 12Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, the last questionnaire is January 2018 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 Balance figure 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 *) Have you experienced a notable increase or decrease in the number of requests for tenders in recent weeks in comparison to the situation three months ago?”. Balance figure = the number of companies receiving more requests - the number of companies receiving less requests. 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  13. 13. Value of New Orders in the Electronics and Electrotechnical Industry in Finland 13Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation October-December 2017. 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 8,000 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: IV,2017 / IV,2016 IV,2017 / III,2017 Export: -3 % +17 % Domestic: +73 % +7 % Combined: +9 % +14 % 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  14. 14. Value of Order Books in the Electronics and Electrotechnical Industry in Finland 14Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 31.12.2017 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 8,000 8,500 Export Domestic Million euros, at current prices Change: 31.12.2017 / 31.12.2016 31.12.2017 / 30.9.2017 Export: -4 % +8 % Domestic: +48 % +6 % Combined: +5 % +8 % Combined 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  15. 15. Value of New Orders in the Machanical Engineering in Finland 15Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation October-December 2017. 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: IV,2017 / IV,2016 IV,2017 / III,2017 Export: +102 % +97 % Domestic: +9 % +67 % Combined: +80 % +93 % 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  16. 16. Value of Order Books in the Mechanical Engineering in Finland 16Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 31.12.2017 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 Export Domestic Million euros, at current prices Change: 31.12.2017 / 31.12.2016 31.12.2017 / 30.9.2017 Export: +46 % +14 % Domestic: -3 % +7 % Combined: +38 % +13 % Combined 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  17. 17. Value of New Orders in the Consulting Engineering in Finland 17Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation October-December 2017. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Combined Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: IV,2017 / IV,2016 IV,2017 / III,2017 Export: -38 % +17 % Domestic: +27 % +42 % Combined: +19 % +40 % 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  18. 18. Value of Order Books in the Consulting Engineering in Finland 18Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 31.12.2017. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Export Domestic 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: 31.12.2017 / 31.12.2016 31.12.2017 / 30.9.2017 Export: -2 % -9 % Domestic: +19 % +13 % Combined: +15 % +8 % Combined 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  19. 19. Value of New Orders in the Information Technology* in Finland 19Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation October-December 2017. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: IV,2017 / IV,2016 IV,2017 / III,2017 Combined: -13 % +42 % *) Excl. game industry and data center companies. 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  20. 20. Value of Order Books in the Information Technology* in Finland 20Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ order book survey’s respondent companies, latest observation 31.12.2017. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Million euros, at current prices Change: 31.12.2017 / 31.12.2017 31.12.2017 / 30.9.2017 Combined: -12 % -2 % *) Excl. game industry and data center companies. 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  21. 21. Technology Industry Personnel 212/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Source: Statistics Finland, The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey, Macrobond
  22. 22. Technology Industry Personnel in Finland by Branch 222/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Source: Statistics Finland, The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey, Macrobond
  23. 23. Technology Industry Personnel in Subsidiaries Abroad by Branch 232/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland Source: The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries’ labour force survey, Macrobond
  24. 24. Retirement of Technology Industry Personnel in Finland 24 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 Number of individuals retired Number of individuals retiring (estimation) Salaried employees Blue collar employees Individuals per year Source: Wage inquiry of the Techonology Industries of Finland, Finnish Centre for Pensions, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  25. 25. Retirement of Technology Industry Blue Collar Employees in Finland 25 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 Mechanical engineering Metals industry Electronics and electrotechnical industry Individuals per year Source: Wage inquiry of the Techonology Industries of Finland, Finnish Centre for Pensions, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  26. 26. Overview of the Situation in the Technology Industry and Outlook for the Spring of 2018 26 - Turnover in Finland totalled some EUR 74.1 billion in 2017. Turnover was 10 % higher than in 2016. In 2008, prior to the financial crises, the corresponding figure was EUR 86 billion. - The monetary value of new orders reported between October-December 2017 was 54 % higher than in July-September, and 40 % higher than in the corresponding period in 2016. In late 2017, the growth was boosted by two large ship orders in particular. - At the end of December, the value of order books was 11 % higher than at the end of September, and 25 % higher than in December 2016. - The turnover of technology industry companies during the spring of 2018 is expected to be higher than in the corresponding period last year. - The number of personnel in Finland increased in 2017. Personnel increased by a good of two per cent, or by 6,400 employees from the average number in 2016. On average, the industry employed 297,000 people. In 2008, the industry employed a total of 326,000 people in Finland. - The recruitment activities picked up markedly in 2017. The companies recruited a total of 42,500 new employees, in 2016 a total of 28,500 employees. 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  27. 27. World Economic Outlook - Finland as a Part of Global Economy 272/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland
  28. 28. GDP also Grows in Finland, but the Backlog for the Other Euro Area Countries Is up to 8% 28Lähde: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  29. 29. Finland’s Exports Jumped in Early 2017, but the Backlog for the Other Euro Area Countries is 40 % 295.2.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Source: Macrobond, Eurostat Q4: Estimate based on goods exports during October- November
  30. 30. Recently, Finland's Economic Growth Has also Been Supported by an Increase in Exports 30Source: Macrobond, Statistics FinlandTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  31. 31. Gross Domestic Product Has Grown Long in Europe and the USA, Finland is Lagging Behind 31Souce: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  32. 32. 322/5/2018 Lähde: Macrobond In China and India Growth Continues, also Brazil Is Now Growing Share of global GDP in China, India, Brazil and Russia is 31 % (adjusted for PP) Technology Industries of Finland
  33. 33. 332/5/2018 Latest information January 2018 Source: Markit GDP Growth in the Euro Area Has Picked up During the last Months Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI), 50 = no change from previous month Technology Industries of Finland
  34. 34. Industrial Production Volume 342/5/2018 Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland
  35. 35. Industrial Production Volume in the EU Countries 352/5/2018 Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland
  36. 36. Finland’s Industrial Production Has Lagged Behind the Competition Countries 36Source: Macrobond, The CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy AnalysisTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  37. 37. 372/5/2018 Latest information December 2017 Source: Markit Industrial Production in China is Growing Slightly Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in China Technology Industries of Finland
  38. 38. 382/5/2018 Latest information December 2017 Source: Markit Industrial Production in Russia is Growing Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in China Technology Industries of Finland
  39. 39. 392/5/2018 Latest information December 2017 Source: Markit Industrial Production in Brazil Is Growing Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry in China Technology Industries of Finland
  40. 40. 40Source: Macrobond Industrial Production in the USA is Growing Purchase Managers’ Index (PMI) in manufacturing industry 50 = no change from previous month Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  41. 41. 41Source: Macrobond Growth of Residence Construction Has Lowered in China Share of China in Asian GDP is 42% (adjusted for PP) Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  42. 42. 42Souce: Macrobond Fixed Investment Is Gaining Momentum in Brazil Share of Russia in European GDP is 13 % (adjusted for PP) Share of Brazil in Latin American GDP is 35 % (adjusted for PP) Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  43. 43. 43Source: Macrobond, The CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis World Trade Has Picked up Again Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  44. 44. Imports to China Have Increased from Several Countries 44Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  45. 45. EU Exports to Russia Have Recovered Slightly 45Source: MacrobondTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  46. 46. Russia’s Share* of Technology Industry Exports from Finland Has Lowered to Some 5-6 Per Cent 46*) Soviet Union up to 1991 Source: Finnish Customs 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017(1-10) Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018 %
  47. 47. 47Source: IMF (January 2018) The World Economy Is Projected to Grow by 3.9% in 2018 GDP growth in 2018 / 2017, % -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 North America Western Europe Japan China India RestofEastern Europe Russia Brazil Mexico RestofLatin America MiddleEast andAfrica Average growth: +3,9 % The width of the bar indicates the share of global GDP in 2017 (adjusted for purchasing power parity), % Rest of Asia Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  48. 48. 48Source: IMF (January 2018), Finnish Customs Demand in the Finnish Technology Industry Export Market is Expected to Grow by 2.8 % in 2018 GDP growth in 2018 / 2017, % -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 North America Western Europe Japan China India Rest of Asia Restof Eastern Europe Russia Brazil RestofLatinAmerica MiddleEastandAfrica Average growth: +2,8 % Mexico The width of the bar indicates the export share of technology industry from Finland in 2016, % Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  49. 49. Finland’s Economic Growth Relies on Exports and Investments 49Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  50. 50. 50Source: Macrobond, Eurostat Finland's Exports Are still at Low Level Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  51. 51. Finnish Exports Have Lagged Behind the Competition Countries 51Source: Macrobond, EurostatTechnology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  52. 52. Growth Paradox: the Downsized Industry Has Limited Opportunities to Increase Finnish Exports 52Source: Statistics Finland / industrial production volume index 55% 60% 65% 70% 75% 80% 85% 90% 95% 100% 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 Industrial production, with capacity in full use (theoretical level), left axis Industrial production, at fixed prices (2008 = 100), left axis Industrial capacity utilization,%, right axis-16 % 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 -18 % Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  53. 53. 53Source: Macrobond, Eurostat The Decline in Exports and Recession: the Public Debt and Total Tax Rate Increased Significantly Increased cost burden requires cuts to public sector Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  54. 54. Corporate Investments in Finland Are in Real Terms Almost 6 Billion Euros Lower than in 2008 Production and R&D investments in Finland 54Source: Statistics Finland, National Accounts 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Billion euros, in the 2016 price level Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  55. 55. Unlike the Competition Countries, in Finland Business Investment Is Still Below the Level in 2008 555.2.2018 Teknologiateollisuus Source: OECD, Economic Outlook (December 2017) 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017e 2018e Corporate investments, at fixed prices, index 2008=100 USA Netherlands Sweden Switzerland Germany Finland
  56. 56. 56Source: Statistics Finland, (National Accounts), The Confederation of Finnish Industries* investment survey (June 2017) Investments in the Manufacturing and Technology Industry in Finland Do Not Promise Long-Term Strong Growth 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017e Manufacturing industry (incl. technology industry) Technology industry (incl. information technology and consulting engineering) Production and R&D investments in Finland, million euros, at current prices Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  57. 57. Investments and productivity* are Decisive for Finland’s Success Productivity of export sector is 10 % lower than in 2007-2008, productivity of entire national economy is 3 % lower 57 *) Productivity is measured as real value added per hours worked. When productivity grows (the curve rises) value added grows more than hours worked. Value added = turnover – purchasing of materials and services Value added = labour costs + rents + depreciations + profits Source: Statistics Finland / National Accounts Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  58. 58. Rapid Growth in Labour Costs Has Weakened the Ability of Companies to Invest in Finland 58*) Both wages and R & D investments include R&D staff wage costs Source: Statistics Finland (National Accounts) 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Corporate wages and social security costs* Corporate production and R&D investments* Corporate profits after taxes At current prices, index 2008=100 Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  59. 59. 59 Finland’s Price and Cost Competitiveness vis-à-vis the Euro Countries Is still to be Improved Unit labour costs in the whole economy = labour costs / productivity, including the influence of effective exchange rates 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 114 2000=100 2005=100 2008=100 Finland’s price and cost competitiveness declines Finland’s price and cost competitiveness improves 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland *) In the ECB Harmonised Competitiveness Index, the average effective exchange rate of each country is calculated vis-à-vis 38 main trade partners, as well as the development of unit labour costs for the total economy. Latest information July-September 2017. Source: European Central Bank
  60. 60. What Should Be Done in Finland? 60 • Support the renewal of the industry. • Taxes should support growth and investment in Finland. • Support decision making in companies related to compensation and working time • No new European nor national burdens on companies, which are deteriorating the competitiveness. Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  61. 61. Long-Term Outlook and Challenges 61 • Global Structural Change Set to Continue Apace o Industrial production and services will relocate to rapidly developing economic areas o Strong growth, large markets, cheap labour and increasing expertise will increase the attractiveness of these regions. • Competition over Skills and Raw Materials Set to Increase o Due to an increase in retirement, the sector’s annual recruitment need in Finland will rise considerably in the coming years. o The availability of reasonably-priced energy also threatens to become an investment bottleneck in Finland • Combating Climate Change o A challenge as costs are set to grow faster than in competitor countries o An opportunity for new environmental and energy technologies Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  62. 62. Technology Industries of Finland 62Teknologiateollisuus2/5/2018
  63. 63. The Federation’s Member Companies 2016 63 250–499 employees 69,035 39% 29,787 17% 28,016 16% 50,683 28% 1,421 92 % 84 5 % 40 2 % 22 1 % Number of enterprises / 1 567 Number of personnel / 177 521 1–249 employees 500–999 employees 1000– employees Technology Industries of Finland 2/5/2018
  64. 64. The Federation’s SME Member Companies 2016 64 481 34% 479 33 % 258 18% 203 14% Number of enterprises / 1 421 Number of personnel / 69 035 5,109 7% 15,290 22% 17,924 26% 30,712 45% 1–19 employees 20–49 employees 50–99 employees 100–249 employees 2/5/2018 Technology Industries of Finland

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