Rural electrification

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Rural electrification

  1. 1. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION<br />
  2. 2. Lighting Up Rural India<br />Rural electrification is the process of bringing electrical power to rural and remote areas. <br />Electricity is used not only for lighting and household purposes, but it also allows for mechanization of many farming operations, such as threshing, milking, and hoisting grain for storage-In areas facing labor shortages, this allows for greater productivity at reduced cost. <br />
  3. 3. Progress of Rural Electrification<br />
  4. 4. INSTITUITONS AND INITITATIVES TAKEN BY THE GOVENRNMENT FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION<br />Rural electrification is radically different from producing and generating electricity for urban areas.<br />This is because of low population density, difficult terrains and low consumption of energy which is largely domestic in nature. <br />They also require large number of subsidies to make their financially viable so as to be afforded by low rural incomes.<br />Therefore, there is a vital necessity for specific rural electrification schemes and establishments. <br />
  5. 5. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited<br />REC (Rural Electrification Corporation Limited) is a leading public Infrastructure Finance Company in India’s power sector. <br />The company finances and promotes rural electrification projects across India, operating through a network of 13 Project Offices and 5 Zonal Offices, headquartered in New Delhi.<br />The company provides loans to Central/ State Sector Power Utilities, State Electricity Boards, Rural Electric Cooperatives, NGOs and Private Power Developers.<br />
  6. 6. Rajiv Gandhi GrameenVidyutikaranYojana (RGGVY)<br />Ministry of Power (Government of India) has launched nation-wide scheme for development of rural and household electrification in 2005 towards the National Common Minimum Programme goal of providing access to electricity to all. <br />Under the scheme, 90% capital subsidy is provided by Government of India for overall cost of projects. <br />
  7. 7. Central Institute for Rural Electrification (CIRE)<br />CIRE serves as a platform for association with other institutions towards a common goal of Rural Electrification and rural energy development.<br />In 1979, REC established a national training institute in Hyderabad for the development of techno-managerial skill and efficiency in State Electricity Boards , Distribution Companies, Rural Electric Cooperatives and other Power Utilities, and also to conduct in-house training programs for REC’s employees. <br />
  8. 8. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION POLICY<br /> The government has notified its rural electrification policy in April 2006,under sections 4 and 5 of the electricity act 2002.The policy aims at :<br />Provisioning of electricity to all households by year 2009<br />Quality and reliable power supply at reasonable rates<br />Minimum lifeline consumption of one unit per household per day as a merit good by the year 2012.<br />
  9. 9. ACHIEVEMENTS OF RURAL ELCTRIFICATION<br />Village level Electrification- 82.2%<br />This has brought about a significant change in India’s agricultural sector.<br />Street lighting in the rural areas has spread fairly extensively.<br />Indirect benefits of improved agricultural production have percolated down to various levels and helped to alleviate general poverty to some extent. <br />
  10. 10. Problems associated with ruralelectrification<br />1. Rural electrification in India has been almost<br /> entirely carried out by extending the grid. Rarely<br /> have local resources been utilized for generating<br /> power.<br />2. The distribution networks have grown in a haphazard fashion. As a result, distribution losses are very large and often the terminal voltages are poor.<br />3. Electricity is provided only sporadically(ex: 9-12 hours per day).<br />4. Villagers feel they cannot depend on electricity to operate pumpsets and other equipment. <br />

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