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High performance fibers

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basic classification and properties..

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High performance fibers

  1. 1. FIBRE CLASSIFICATION:
  2. 2.  DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GENERAL FIBRES AND HIGH PERFORMANCE & TEMPERATURE RESISTANT FIBRES: 1. GENERAL FIBRES CAN BE USED FOR HUMAN WEARING CLOTHING BACOUSE, IT GIVES COMFORT TO HUMAN BODY. H.P.T.R FIBRES DOSEN’T GIVING COMFERT TO BODY BUT IT PROTECTS BODY FROM ACCIDENT OF BULLET TYPE MATERIAL. 2. THE USE OF COTTON AND OTHER FIBRES DO NOT HAVE CAPABILITY TO USED IN INDUSRIAL APPLICATIONS. 3. GENERAL FIBRES DO NOT HAVING ENOUGH TENSILE STRENGTH TO HANDLE HIGH LOAD, THUS H.P.T.R FIBRES WHICH HAVE THIS PROPERTY ARE USED 4. GENERAL FIBRES DOT HAVE HIGH ABBRASION RESISTANCE POWER THAN HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBRES.
  3. 3. HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBRES: HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBERS ARE THE FIBERS WHICH HAVE HIGH STRENGTH, TEMPERATURE RESISTANCE, GOOD FLEXIBILITY, LIGHT WEIGHT, FINE DIAMETER AND DURABILITY ETC. QUALITIES ARE USED MAINLY FOR TECHNICAL TEXTILE PURPOSE. QUALITIES TESTED TO QUALIFY FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBRE:  TENSILE STRENGTH,  OPERATING TEMPERATURE,  LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX AND  CHEMICAL RESISTANCE. FIBERS ARE AVAILABLE IN SEVERAL DIFFERENT FORMS. THE MOST COMMON FORMS USED ARE:  STAPLE FIBRE  CHOPPED FIBRE  MONOFILAMENT  MULTIFILAMENT
  4. 4. HIGH PERFORMANCE AND TEMPERATURE RESISTANT FIBRES PARA- ARAMIDE PBO META- ARAMIDE PBI FLUOROCAR BON FIBERS POLYIMIDE GLASS FIBER PPS HDPE MELAMINE CARBON FIBER  NOMEX®  TEIJINCONEX®  TEIJINCONEX HT®  KEVLAR®  TWARON®  PAN BASED ®  GLASS ®  PBI ®  P-84®  ZYLON®  TECHNORA®  BASOFIL®  TEFLON®  TOYOFLON®  RYTON®  PROCON®  TORAY PPS®  PITCH BASED ®  SPECTRA®  DYNEEMA®
  5. 5.  NOMEX  TEIJINCONEX  TEIJINCONEX HT NOMEX : DEVELOPED IN : 1960 DEVELOPED BY : DUPONT MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : THE MONOMERS M-PHENYLENEDIAMINE AND ISOPHTHALOYL CHLORIDE APPLICATIONS : ELECTRICAL LAMINATES SUCH AS CIRCUIT BOARDS,FIREPROOF/RESISTANCE FABRIC PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 3.8-7.2 ELONGATION (%) 25-40 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 30 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE MILD-GOOD OPERATING TEMPERATURE 4000 F
  6. 6. TEIJINCONEX : DEVELOPED IN : 1983 DEVELOPED BY : TEIJIN ARAMIDE PVT LTD. APPLICATIONS : THERMAL BARRIERS, SPORTING GOODS TEIJINCONEX HT : DEVELOPED IN : 2007 DEVELOPED BY : TEIJIN ARAMIDE PVT LTD. APPLICATIONS : BALLISTIC APPLICATION, FRICTION MATERIALS
  7. 7.  KEVLAR  TWARON  TECHNORA. KEVLAR : DEVELOPED IN : 1960 DEVELOPED BY : DUPONT MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLY-PARA-PHENYLENE TEREPH-THAL-AMIDE APPLICATIONS : BALLISTIC APPLICATION, ROPES AND CABLES PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 22-26 MODULUS G/DE 460-1100 ELONGATION (%) 2.4-4.4 OPERATING TEMPERATURE 3750F LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 25-28 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE MILD-GOOD
  8. 8. TWARON ® : DEVELOPED IN : 2006 DEVELOPED BY : ACORDIS APPLICATIONS : ROPES AND CABLES, SEWING THREAD TECHNORA® : DEVELOPED IN : 1960 DEVELOPED BY : TEIJIN APPLICATIONS :SPORTING GOODS, CUSHION MATERIAL
  9. 9.  TEFLON  TOYOFLON TEFLON : DEVELOPED IN : 1965 DEVELOPED BY : DUPONT MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLY-TETRA-FLUORO-ETHYLENE APPLICATIONS : BATTERY SEPARATORS,COATING APPLICATIONS, PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 2 ELONGATION (%) 25 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 95 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE EXCELLENT FRICTION COEFFICIENT 0.2 OPERATING TEMPERATURE 5000F
  10. 10. TOYOFLON : DEVELOPED IN : 1973 DEVELOPED BY : TORAY APPLICATIONS : VAPOR BARRIERS, BREATHABLE MEMBRANES, CONVEYOR BELTS ETC.
  11. 11.  RYTON®  PROCON®  TORAY PPS® RYTON® : DEVELOPED IN : 1981 DEVELOPED BY : AMOCO MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLY-PHENYLENE SULFIDE APPLICATIONS : HOT GAS FILTRATION PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 3.5-4.5 ELONGATION (%) 32-49 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 34 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE VERY GOOD OPERATING TEMPERATURE 5000F
  12. 12. PROCON® : DEVELOPED BY : TOYOBO APPLICATIONS : LIQUID FILTRATION, LAUNDRY MATERIALS TORAY PPS® : DEVELOPED BY : TORAY APPLICATIONS : RUBBER INDUSTRIES
  13. 13.  BASOFIL® BASOFIL® : DEVELOPED BY : BASF APPLICATIONS : HOT GAS FILTRATION, SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE APPLICATIONS, THERMAL INSULATION PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 2.0 ELONGATION (%) 18 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 32 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE MILD GOOD OPERATING TEMPERATURE 4000F
  14. 14.  ZYLON® ZYLON® : DEVELOPED BY : TOYOBO MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLY-PHENYLENE BENZO-BISOXAZOLE APPLICATIONS : SEWING THREAD, ROPES AND CABLES, SPORTING GOODS, THERMAL SHIELDS. PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 42 ELONGATION (%) 3.5 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 68 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE MILD GOOD MODULUS G/DE 1300 OPERATING TEMPERATURE 550-6000 F
  15. 15.  PBI® PBI® : DEVELOPED BY : CELANESE MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLY-BENZIMIDAZOLE APPLICATIONS : FIRE BLOCKING,THERMAL INSULATION PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 2.7 ELONGATION (%) 29 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 41 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE GOOD-EXCELLENT MODULUS G/DE 32 OPERATING TEMPERATURE 4820F
  16. 16.  P-84® P-84® : DEVELOPED BY : INSPEC MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLYIMIDE APPLICATIONS : THERMAL INSULATION, SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 4.2 ELONGATION (%) 30 OPERATION TEMPERATURE 5000F LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 38 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE GOOD
  17. 17.  LASTAN® LASTAN® : DEVELOPED BY : ASAHI MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : CARBON OR GRAPHITE POWDER APPLICATIONS : THERMAL BARRIERS, WELDING BLANKETS, ALUMINIZED FABRICS PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 2 ELONGATION (%) 15 OPERATION TEMPERATURE 392 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 60 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE MILD ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE 10^8 – 10^10 Ω cm
  18. 18.  PAN(POLYACRYLONITRILE)  PITCH BASE PAN BASE : DEVELOPED IN : 1969 DEVELOPED BY : W. JOHNSON MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : POLYACRYLONITRILE APPLICATIONS : AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE, PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 18-70 MODULUS G/DE 1640-3850 ELONGATION (%) 0.4-2.4 OPERATION TEMPERATURE 570-1000
  19. 19. PITCH BASE : DEVELOPED IN : 1971 DEVELOPED BY : W. WATT AND L. N. PHILLIPS MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : GRAPHIT POWDER APPLICATIONS : REINFORCEMENT COMPOSITES AND RUBBER, FILTRATION PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 14-30 MODULUS G/DE 1000-5850 ELONGATION (%) 0.2-1.3 OPERATION TEMPERATURE 570-1000
  20. 20. E-GLASS : MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : ALUMINUM OXIDE APPLICATIONS : AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE, CUSHION MATERIAL, FILTRATION, THERMAL INSULATION AND SPACERS. PROPERTIES VALUE TENSILE STRENGTH G/DE 35 MODULUS G/DE 524 ELONGATION (%) 4.8 REFRACTIVE INDEX 1.547 DENSITY G/CM3 2.57 COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION (107 0C) 50.52 DIELECTRIC(1010HZ) CONSTANT 6.1-6.3
  21. 21. AR-GLASS : MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : SILICON DIOXIDE, CALCIUM OXIDE APPLICATIONS : ALKALI-RESISTANT FOR REINFORCING CEMENT, AUTOMOTIVE PARTS ETC. PROPERTIES VALUE TENSILE STRENGTH G/DE 46 MODULUS G/DE 1250 ELONGATION (%) 2 REFRACTIVE INDEX 1.561 DENSITY G/CM3 2.68 COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION (107 0C) 75 Dielectric(1010Hz) Constant --
  22. 22. S-GLASS : MATERIAL USED TO PRODUCED : BARON OXIDE, PLUS A FEW OTHER METAL OXIDES. APPLICATIONS : COMPOSITION SIMILAR TO HS GLASS, PROPERTIES VALUE TENSILE STRENGTH G/DE 35 MODULUS G/DE 620 ELONGATION (%) 5.4 REFRACTIVE INDEX -- DENSITY G/CM3 2.46 COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION (107 0C) 23-27 Dielectric(1010Hz) Constant --
  23. 23.  SPECTRA®  DYNEEMA® SPECTRA® : DEVELOPED BY : HONEYWELL APPLICATIONS : MARINE ROPES AND CORDAGE, SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE PRODUCTS & APPLICATIONS ETC. PROPERTIES VALUE TENACITY G/DE 30 ELONGATION (%) 3.0 LIMITING OXYGEN INDEX 250 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE 1400 OPERATING TEMPERATURE EXCELLENT
  24. 24. DYNEEMA® : DEVELOPED IN : JAPAN DEVELOPED BY : DYNEEMA APPLICATIONS : SOFT AND SEMI-RIGID BODY ARMOR, REINFORCEMENT OF COMPOSITES,PERFORMANCE SPORTS APPLICATIONS ETC.
  25. 25. CONCEPT BEYOND BULLET PROOF FABRIC:
  26. 26.  CONCEPT BEYOND HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBRE CORD/ROPES USED IN CONSTRUCTION
  27. 27. CONCEPT BEYOND HIGHPERFORMANCE FIBRES IN AUTOMOBILE:  SOLUTIONS ARE BASED ON OUR HIGH-PERFORMANCE PARA-ARAMID TWARON, WHICH COMBINES SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE WITH LOW WEIGHT, AND SULFRON, WHICH REDUCES ROLLING RESISTANCE AND, IN TURN, FUEL CONSUMPTION
  28. 28. CONCEPT BEYOND CARBON FIBRES USED IN AEROSPACE ENGNEERING:
  29. 29. THANK YOU

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