Integrated Public Transport System - Bangalore

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  • If I have to quote barrysimpson
  • NOW LETS START WITH WHAT ARE THE GOVT PLANS TO ENSURE A BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORT/TRANSIT SYSTEM FOR INDIA AS A WHOLE
  • Integrated Public Transport System - Bangalore

    1. 1. An Integrated Public Transport SystemA Case Study of Bangalore
    2. 2. AGENDA• INTRODUCTION• NATIONAL URBAN TRANSPORT POLICY• CURRENT STATE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INBANGALORE• NEED FOR COMPREHENSIVE INTEGRATED PUBLICTRANSPORT SYSTEM IN BANGALORE• EXMAPLES OF TRANSPORT INTERGATION ACROSS WORLD• CASE STUDY OF BANGALORE– SITE DETAILS– DATA COLLECTION– PROPOSAL FOR BYAPANHALLI TRANSIT HUB• RECOMMDATIONS
    3. 3. INTRODUCTION• Transport Integration means thatwhatever modes or types of transport (rail, road, water,niche, air) are involved they all operate as one seamlessentity - for the benefit of the fare paying customer.• Barry J Simpson remarks that integration means thespeedy, convenient and economical connection ofservices to make up complete journeys for passengersfrom their origins to their final destinations. This shouldinclude the integration of timetables, ticketing andprovision of facilities such as parking spaces for park andride; and also special services for the disabled or elderly
    4. 4. OBJECTIVE - NUTP• Incorporating urban transportation as an importantparameter at the urban planning stage rather than being aconsequential requirement• Encouraging integrated land use and transport planning(Neighborhood planning /integrate townships that traveldistances are minimized and access to livelihoods,education, and other social needs, especially for themarginal segments of the urban population is improved• Investing in transport systems that encourage greater use ofpublic transport and non-motorized modes instead ofpersonal motor vehicles• Introducing Intelligent Transport Systems for trafficmanagement
    5. 5. CURRENT STATE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BANGALOREBangalore city is served by buses mainly, Metro is under development and other systemsare also under consideration. Para transits like auto rickshaw and taxi play a major role inpublic transport .Dedicated services(bus) for factories, IT areas etc also play an importantrole.BusTransitRapidTransitParaTransit
    6. 6. CURRENT STATE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BANGALOREVarious Modes of Public Transport• Bus Transit SystemThe Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) operates public busservices in the Bangalore metropolitan region. BMTC owns over 3500 buses andoperates through six depots spread across the city and carry 30 lakh commutersrunning over 10 lakh bus kilometres per day• Rapid Transit (Namma Metro)The Metro will have two tracks: an 18.1-km stretch from Mysore Road toByappanahalli, and an 18.4-km stretch from Yeshwantpur to R.V. Road, both via theKempegowda bus terminus. The travel time from one corridor to another will rangebetween 28-30 minutes with a carrying capacity of 40,000 peak hour peak directiontraffic• Para TransitIs an alternative mode of flexible passenger transportation that does not follow fixedroutes or schedules. The Para transit system in Bangalore comprises ofa. Auto Rickshawsb. Taxis
    7. 7. CURRENT PROBLEMS• Heavy Multi Directional traffic throughout the dayHigh Volumes of Public vehicles and private vehicles on road leadsto heavy congestion that is hard to resolve• Ever increasing Traffic volumeIncreasing number of new private vehicles hit roads every daythere by adding to the already infamous congestion• Limited possibility of improving road spaceA Saturation point has been reached where there is limitedpossibility to re design the road network to cater for the everincreasing traffic.CURRENT STATE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BANGALORE
    8. 8. DEVELOPING A COMPREHENSIVE INTEGRATEDPUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN BANGALORE
    9. 9. Ultimate Vision
    10. 10. NEED FOR COMPREHENSIVE INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMIN BANGALOREWE NEED TO …..•Enhance the attractiveness of Public Transport•Develop more Integrated Hubs - A Multi modal Hub intoeffective and seamless Integration between various modes oftransport•Consider Economics of travel – The overall cost of travel andthe journey time has to be attractive yet efficient•Convenience and comfort will play an important role inattracting commuters towards public transport usage
    11. 11. About Singapore Public Transport System•Singapore - A world class Public Transport System.•Seamless travel by different modes of public transport.•In addition, it also involves integrating the bus and railnetwork, as well as adopting innovations such as thecontactless smart card through-ticketing system introducedin 2002. EZ-LINK facilitates seamless through-travel onbuses and trains and efficient collection of usage data forpublic transport planning and design
    12. 12. The ChallengeMajor Challenge:•Scarce Land for humanhabitation•Limited land to buildRoad networks andTransport Infrastructure•High Population densityBeing a small city-state country , with limited land supply,encouraging the use of public transport and restraining carownership and usage seems to be an obvious choice inmanaging the city-state’s transport problems.
    13. 13. Modes of Public TransportPerfectlyIntegrated PublicTransportationSystem
    14. 14. Basic Data CollectedTwo Major Public Transport Operators• SBS Transit – Run Busses and MRT Trains• SMRT – Rub Busses and Trains~150Kms with~ 100 Stations~330 with ~ 400Buses~ 24000 Taxis29 kms, 43Stations
    15. 15. Perfect Integration Scenario
    16. 16. Service IntegrationSeamlessIntegration of Busand Train Service
    17. 17. Physical Integration
    18. 18. Physical IntegrationPassengers Changing from RedLine to Purple line. Escalator,Travelators are in place for easyhassle free transfers
    19. 19. Physical IntegrationPassengers Changing from RedLine to Purple line. Escalator,Travelators are in place for easyhassle free transfers
    20. 20. Ticket & Fare Integration
    21. 21. Information IntegrationEvery Metro/Bus station has such facility asseen in the picture here that tells bus arrivaltimings
    22. 22. Information IntegrationFree Mobile application available forcommuters to know bus/train timings
    23. 23. Addressing the Problem•Singapore has a highly affordable and convenientpublic transport – Infact one of the cheapest in the worldrelative to infrastructure•Higher levies on private vehicles•Congestion pricing•Dedicated bus lane•Limit on vehicle registration•Vehicle Quota and CEO – certificate of entitlement
    24. 24. Controlling Traffic Congestion ProblemCharges are levied on a per-pass basis, motorists are more aware of the truecost of using their vehicles. Above images shows ERP Gantry installed oncongested highwaysBy pricing congested stretches, ERP system helps to moderate and spreadout vehicle usage for optimal usage of the road network by encouragingmotorists to consider alternatives
    25. 25. Controlling Traffic Congestion ProblemIn Order to encourage commuters taking public transport, Singapore hasimplemented dedicated Bus lanes on roads. This ensures that even underheavy traffic conditions, the public transport gets priority on road andcommuters can reach their destination on time. These measures helpcommuters to take public transport and avoid their private vehicles thatsimply adds to the congestion
    26. 26. • Vehicle Quota system: Singapore has a vehicle quotasystem that determines the number of vehicles on road.Thus public has to apply for a permit to own a vehicle. Thepermit is called Certificate of Entitlement (COE). The COE ispriced quite high so that it’s not easily affordable. Thismeasure helps in controlling the number of private vehicleson road and in turn controlling the traffic.• This Certificate of Entitlement (COE), designed bySingapore government limits car ownership and number ofvehicles on countrys roads• COE allows holders to own a car for only 10 years
    27. 27. • This Certificate of Entitlement (COE),designed by Singapore governmentlimits car ownership and number ofvehicles on countrys roads• COE allows holders to own a car foronly 10 years
    28. 28. DEVELOP A COMPREHENSIVE INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMIN BANGALORECriteria of an Integrated Public Transport System
    29. 29. Criteria for an Integrated Public Transport System
    30. 30. Criteria for an Integrated Public Transport System
    31. 31. Criteria for an Integrated Public Transport System
    32. 32. •PRESENCE OF METRO TERMINAL ,BUS (INTRA ANDINTER-CITY ), RAIL ETC•PROPOSED TRANIST HUB
    33. 33. Objective of Integrated Hub• To reduce total travelling time• Convenience and comfort forcommuter• Monetary ( Affordable Travel)• Luring commuters away from privatemode of transport to public modes• Seamless Integrated Transportationfor Public
    34. 34. SITE MAP
    35. 35. Site DetailsBangalore Metro Rail Corporation (BMRCL) is planning todevelop an Integrated hub in Byappanahalli nearByappanahalli metro station and Byappanahalli railwaystation. The total area available for the development is 25Acres.Byappanahalli is now set to becomea multimodal Transport hub involvingmetro, railway, and inter and intra-city bus services
    36. 36. Proposed Terminals – Data Collected• Metro Station is currently functional• Railway station is currently functional• KSRTC building a Terminal with– Bus Bays: 28– Parking Bays: 140– Depot• BMTC building a Terminal with– Bus Bays: 25/30– Parking Bays: 150– Depot• For Private Busses – Para Transit– Bus Bays: 20/30– Parking Bays:100
    37. 37. Passengersper hourBusses perHourMetro TrainsPer HourMorningpeak7000 153 20Night Peak 7385 192 20Off Peak 5000 125 15Expected Demand Estimate – Data Collected
    38. 38. Design Parameters Considered for this Study• Physical Integration (Ease of access)• Information Integration (Time tables, schedules)• Institution Integration (Different Modes ofTransport Operators working as a team)• Ticket and Fare Integration• Service Integration
    39. 39. Physical Integration – Data Collected• Different Operators Buildings are loosely connected. NoEscalators or travellators available for easy transit. For e.g.Travelling from Metro station to the near by Bus stop has tobe done by walk that doesn’t have a proper walk way orfoot path. Similarly its not easy for people transiting to arailway station after a metro journey• No Traffic lights for road crossing when switching modes oftransport. Thus its too risky for commuters• Poor Parking facilities for Private vehicles.• Pathetic BMTC Bus Parking
    40. 40. Data collectedDistance(mts)Walking time(min)Metro station - Proposed bus terminal < 300 10Proposed Bus terminal – railway station < 150 8Railway station – Metro station < 100 5Distance(mt)Walking time(min)Metro station - Proposed bus terminal < 300 8/9Proposed Bus terminal – railway station <150 5Railway station – Metro station < 100 3After provision of travelators/ Uderpass/ Overhead bridgeBefore provision of travelators
    41. 41. Information Integration – Data Collected• The Bus schedules are almostmissing• Metro Train schedules available• Railway train schedules available• However the above 3 are not wellintegrated in a single display panel
    42. 42. Institutional Integration• Currently BMTC and Namma Metrooperate exclusive of each other. Thusa common planning system for abetter Integrated Public TransportSystem is missing
    43. 43. Ticket and Fare Integration – Data Collected• Ticket and Fare are not commonbetween BMTC and Namma Metro.For e.g. My Travel to Byanppanahalli fromYeshwantpur needed me to buy a ticketfor each mode of transport I took.
    44. 44. Service Integration – Data Collection• Different Modes of Services are not yetfully integrated at Byappanahalli. Howeverwith the proposed Bus Hub it is expectedto operate seamlessly with Namma Metro• However during my study I gathered thatat most of the metro stations, a bus stopthat is quite a walkable distance exists.Thus easing transit between differentmodes of public transport

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