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BASIC GRAMMAR
What is GrammarGRAMMAR:-     The systematic study and description of alanguage.                           OR     A set of ...
The Sentence      is a group of words expressing a complete thought.                                   a                  ...
Every sentence has two essential              parts:               and    The subject of a sentence    The predicate of a ...
The simple subject is the          The simple predicate, ormain word in the complete          verb, is the main word or   ...
Eight Parts of Speech                      s        Nouns                  Verb                                     Pron  ...
Word that names• A  Person• A Place    • A Thing            • An Idea
Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns          Proper Nouns boy                   John girl                       MarySingular Nouns ...
A word that expresses action or  otherwise helps to make a          statement          “be” verbs                         ...
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.      I...
Modifies or describes a     noun or pronoun.                             Answers these questions:Did you lose your address...
Modifies or describesModifies or describesa verb, an adjective, a verb, an adjective,       Answers the questions:        ...
Interrogative   Adverbs                 How did you break yourintroduce questions                 leg?                  Wh...
A preposition introduces a noun or pronounor a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence  as a noun. The word or word g...
The preposition   never stands alone!                               noun               object ofpreposition               ...
Some Common Prepositionsaboard     behind     from    throughout about     below        in         to above    beneath    ...
The conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words           or groups of words.        nd       a                   ...
The interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses              emotion         Goodness! What a cute baby!  Wow! Look ...
Questions???       question….
English grammar(16.11.2012) 2
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English grammar(16.11.2012) 2

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English grammar(16.11.2012) 2

  1. 1. BASIC GRAMMAR
  2. 2. What is GrammarGRAMMAR:- The systematic study and description of alanguage. OR A set of rules and examples dealing with thesyntax and word structures of a language, usuallyintended as an aid to the learning of that language.LANGUAGE:- The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way:
  3. 3. The Sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought. a expressing lete m p ht co ug th o
  4. 4. Every sentence has two essential parts: and The subject of a sentence The predicate of a sentence is the part about which is the part which says something is being said. something about the subject. The flower bloomed. Inzi told everyone about the Waqar. VeRru painted. Mushtaq sobbed. The girls on the team were all Ali plays the piano well. good students.
  5. 5. The simple subject is the The simple predicate, ormain word in the complete verb, is the main word or subject. group of words in the complete predicate. The four new students arrived Sara’s sister took us bowling early. yesterday. Simple subject students Simple predicate tookThe complete subject is The complete predicate isthe main word and all its the verb and all its modifiers. modifiers. Complete subject The four new Complete Predicate took us students bowling yesterday
  6. 6. Eight Parts of Speech s Nouns Verb Pron o unsInterjectionsInterjections rrbs e bs P re Adjectives ve dv pos Ad A i tio ns Conj unct ions Conj unct ions
  7. 7. Word that names• A Person• A Place • A Thing • An Idea
  8. 8. Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns Proper Nouns boy John girl MarySingular Nouns Plural Nounsboy boysgirl girlsSingular Possessive Plural Possessive boy’s boys’ girl’s girls’
  9. 9. A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement “be” verbs & taste Sb j Suubeect feel j ct Liinki sound L nkin look ng g appear become predicate seem predicate grow remain stay
  10. 10. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. s Indefinite Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns noun anybody this al Proe each rson e, min urs thatPe I,m o r, y either , you , hers, none these y o u , h er s h e i t , i t s u rs someone, one, etc. Interro those o u r, s , o , t h ei r , gative P ,u we them ronoun , s who s they their whom e lf mys elf rs what you which whose
  11. 11. Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Answers these questions:Did you lose your address book?Is that a wool sweater?Just give me five minutes.
  12. 12. Modifies or describesModifies or describesa verb, an adjective, a verb, an adjective, Answers the questions: Answers the questions: or another adverb. or another adverb. He ran quickly. Ho w? Ho w? He ran quickly. When? When? She left yesterday. She left yesterday. We went there. We went there. Wherre? Whe e? It was too hot! It was too hot! To what degree or how much? To what degree or how much?
  13. 13. Interrogative Adverbs How did you break yourintroduce questions leg? When does your plane leave? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  14. 14. A preposition introduces a noun or pronounor a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun. The word or word group that the preposition introduces is its object. They received a postcard from Bobby telling about his trip to Canada.
  15. 15. The preposition never stands alone! noun object ofpreposition pronoun preposition preposition objectYou can press those leaves under glass.Her telegram to Nina and Ali brought good news. object can have modifiers It happened during the last examination.
  16. 16. Some Common Prepositionsaboard behind from throughout about below in to above beneath into toward across beside like under after between of underneathagainst beyond off until along by on upamong down over uponaround during past with at except since within before for through without
  17. 17. The conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. nd a or neithe it her /or r/nor e
  18. 18. The interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby! Wow! Look at that sunset!
  19. 19. Questions??? question….

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