To paraphrase

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To paraphrase

  1. 1. To paraphrase
  2. 2. Paraphrasing • What is it? • Should you reference it? • Why do it?
  3. 3. So... • You get the idea from the original text • You rewrite it in your own words • You reference it
  4. 4. How to do it • Think about what the main point of the sentence/paragraph is. • “Communication is not merely the desire and the responsibility of the scholar; it is his discipline, the proving ground where he tests his findings against criticism.” (Pecorari, 2003)
  5. 5. How to do it • “Communication is not merely the desire and the responsibility of the scholar; it is his discipline, the proving ground where he tests his findings against criticism.” (Pecorari, 2003) • According to Pecorari (2003) communication is central to what a scholar does. It allows the academic to test his ideas and theories against criticism. What have I done?
  6. 6. Comparison • “Communication is not merely the desire and the responsibility of the scholar; it is his discipline, the proving ground where he tests his findings against criticism.” (Pecorari, 2003) • According to Pecorari (2003) communication is central to what a scholar does. It allows the academic to test his ideas and theories against criticism. Referenced, synonyms, changed it from a negative sentence to a positive one, Changed it from one sentence to two
  7. 7. Use different Vocabulary with the same meaning • "It can be difficult to choose a suitable place to study English.“ • 2. "It is often a challenge to pick up (x) a relevant (x) school to learn English." • 3. "It is sometimes hard to select an appropriate place to learn English."
  8. 8. Problems • The first problem is "pick up". This expression does NOT have the same meaning as "choose", so this part of the paraphrased sentence is actually wrong. The second problem is the word "relevant". In some cases, "relevant" and "suitable" are good synonyms but in this example they are not
  9. 9. Change the Order of Words • If they have some help, most people can paraphrase effectively. However, practice is important because paraphrasing is difficult. • Most people can paraphrase effectively, if they have some help. Paraphrasing is difficult, however, so practice is important."
  10. 10. Change parts of speech • The most effective way to build your English skill is to study regularly.“ • "The most effective way of building your English skill is to do studying on a regular basis."
  11. 11. Active to Passive • To improve English, you should learn new vocabulary on a daily basis." • "To improve English, new vocabulary should be learned on a daily basis"
  12. 12. An finally • Use each of these methods and then combine them to create a super paraphrased sentence.

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