The play Macbeth starts out with the three witches
saying. “ Fair is foul, and foul is fair Hover through the fog
and filthy air” (Act 1, scene 1, line 12) This quote sets the
tone and theme for the rest of the play.
During the same time the Scottish are fighting in a war.
The main character Macbeth is ambitious and brave. He
fought against the King of Norway who had more soldiers
and supplies than they did. Even through Macbeth and
his troops had way less the Norwegian King surrendered.
King Duncan who runs Scotland decides to make Macbeth
the Thane of Cawdor.
Macbeth and Banquo end up running into the three
The three witches tell Macbeth a prophecy. The prophecy
is that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and eventually
be the King of Scotland.
Latter on in the play this will foreshadow what will happen
to Macbeth how the rest of the play unfolds.
Macbeth is really surprised about the prediction. Where as
Banquo is not so interested, but he is happy for Macbeth’s
Further in the play Macbeth becomes the Thane of Cawdor
and he writes a letter telling his wife Lady Macbeth about the
King Duncan ends up staying with Lady Macbeth, Macbeth in
Lady Macbeth creates a plan to kill King Duncan and
convinces and encourages Macbeth to follow this plan.
Lady Macbeth had a vision and pushed Macbeth to follow
along with it and he eventually works up the courage to kill
During this time Macbeth finds himself regretting killing
King Duncan because he should be loyal and noble to the
Lady Macbeth sees Macbeth struggling with the plan and
finishes the rest herself so the plan does not become a
The following morning, Macduff finds King Duncan
dead. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth act shocked about his
death so nobody would figure out the truth about the
Lady Macbeth got the guards drunk and then she made
it look like they were the ones to kill King Duncan.
Therefore the guards were the main suspects of his death
and Macbeth ends up killing them.
Malcolm and Donalbain the sons of Duncan feel that they
should flee because their lives also could be in danger.
They both flee to another country without saying anything
so this results in Macbeth becoming King.
Macbeth believes that Banquo knows that he killed King
Macbeth hires murders to kill Banquo and his son. This is
not completely successful because only Banquo gets killed
while Fleance his son escapes.
Image from: http://www.prestonopera.org.uk/macbeth/macbeth.htm
Macbeth hosts a banquet and he invites many Lords to
it. When he is hosting he ends up seeing Banquo’s ghost
and he starts acting strange around his guests.
Lady Macbeth tries to come up with excuses for
Macbeths actions but all of the guests felt uncomfortable
and ended up leaving.
In the end of this act we realize that Macduff is not
at the banquet because he thinks and believes that
Macbeth killed King Duncan.
Macduff then takes off to England to go and get
help from their troops so they can go and defeat
Image taken from: http://www.digitaltheatreplus.com/study-guides/macbeth/characters/macduff