© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
石井�裕
Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible Media Group
MIT Media Laboratory
The Art of Tangibl...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Douglas Engelbart
Augmenting Human Intellect
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiros...
2008
g-speak
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Engelbart’s Beacon
1997
TBits
1981
Star1968
NLS
FJCC
2054
Minority...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
MIT Media Lab
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
MIT Media Lab
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Future is
not to predict,
but to invent.
Alan Kay
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, ...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2vision
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
理念What drives creation?
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
What drives
Creation?
Vision
Concepts, principles
Users’ need
Applications
Tech...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
What drives
Creation?
Vision
Concepts, principles
Users’ need
Applications
Tech...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
What drives
Creation?
Vision
Concepts, principles
Users’ need
Applications
Tech...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
1981
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
1990
ClearBoard
NTT Human Interface Labs
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi I...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
My Art Work in 1959
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Shared Drawing 1...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
ClearBoard
NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Ishii and Kobayashi, 1992
© 2008 MI...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
3MIT
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
1995Joined MIT Media Lab
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
再起�Reboot
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible Bits
physical
dig...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
有形tangible
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible Bits
Physical em...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Eyes are in charge,
but hands are underemployed.
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, H...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
計算Compute
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Abacus: Origin of Tangible...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible Bits
• Giving physical forms to
digital information and
computation, m...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
1997
March 22-27, 1997
“Tangible Bits” paper
presented at CHI
‘97 in Atlanta
© ...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
4tangibles
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii© 2008 MIT Media Laborator...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
art& science
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
“The Computer for the 2...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
musicBottles (jazz)
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
musicBottles (cl...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
art& science
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
PingPongPlus
Ishii, Lee...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
PingPongPlus at
Centre Pompidou, Paris 2003
• Digital augmentation of ping pong...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
art& science
painter = color maker
© ...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Explore patterns of colors and
textures through familiar materials
© 2008 MIT M...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
I/O Brush History Mode
Kimiko Ryokai, Stefan Marti, & Hiroshi Ishii
• Capturing...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
感動inspire
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
光影digital light & shadow
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
I/O Bulb and Luminous Room
Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999
• I/O Bulb
–High...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Urp:
Urban Planning Workbench
Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999
© 2008 MIT Me...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible Bits
• Giving physical forms to
digital information and
computation, m...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Tangible User Interface
physical
digital
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi I...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2054
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Minority
© 2008 MIT Media Labor...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Minority Report
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
© 2008 MIT Media Lab...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
SF
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2008
December 8th, 2008
Program f...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2008Future is now
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Ggesture
© 2008 MI...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
g-speak
Oblong Industries
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Airborne W...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Early Warnings
for the Future
MIT Media Lab
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hirosh...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
The Future is Already
Here - It's Just Not
Evenly Distributed.
William Gibson
©...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
哲学philosophy
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
未来Future
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Today
Today
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2050
today 2050
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2100
today 2050 2100
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
2200
today
2050...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
How do you want to be
remembered by people living in
2200? What will you leave ...
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
未来Future
© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii
Thanks!
Hiroshi Ishii
Tangi...
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Hiroshi Ishii Pff 12 08 08

  1. 1. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 石井�裕 Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Media Group MIT Media Laboratory The Art of Tangible Bits Inspired by Engelbart's Vision The Program for the Future December 8, 2008 The Tech Museum of Innovation, CA © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 英雄hero
  2. 2. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Douglas Engelbart Augmenting Human Intellect © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1968 December 9th, 1968 NLS (oN-Line System) demo at FJCC 68 in San Francisco
  3. 3. 2008 g-speak © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Engelbart’s Beacon 1997 TBits 1981 Star1968 NLS FJCC 2054 Minority Report © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1context
  4. 4. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii MIT Media Lab © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii MIT Media Lab
  5. 5. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Future is not to predict, but to invent. Alan Kay © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii MIT Media Lab MIT Media Lab
  6. 6. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2vision © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 理念What drives creation?
  7. 7. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii What drives Creation? Vision Concepts, principles Users’ need Applications Technologies © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii What drives Creation? Vision Concepts, principles Users’ need Applications Technologies
  8. 8. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii What drives Creation? Vision Concepts, principles Users’ need Applications Technologies Business HCI/usability © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii What drives Creation? Vision Concepts, principles Users’ need Applications Technologies Our focus
  9. 9. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii What drives Creation? Vision Concepts, principles Users’ need Applications Technologies art! © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Why? Life Span Vision Concepts, principles Applications Need, users, task, evaluation Technologies >100 y ~10 y ~1 y
  10. 10. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1981 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Graphical User Interface (GUI) Xerox Star Graphical User Interface • Intangible representation (pixels on a screen) + • Generic input devices as “remote-controllers” Xerox Star
  11. 11. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1990 ClearBoard NTT Human Interface Labs © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 視考Visual Thinking
  12. 12. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii My Art Work in 1959 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Shared Drawing 1992 Collaborative Visual Thinking Ref. Study on Shared Drawing and VideoDraw (PARC) Prof. Larry Leifer, Dr. John Tang, Dr. Scott Minneman, speak gesture point read write draw
  13. 13. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii ClearBoard NTT Human Interface Laboratories Ishii and Kobayashi, 1992 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii ClearBoard Seamless integration of interpersonal and shared drawing spaces Ishii and Kobayashi, 1992 NTT Human Interface Laboratories
  14. 14. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 3MIT © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1995Joined MIT Media Lab
  15. 15. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 再起�Reboot © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Bits physical digital
  16. 16. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 有形tangible © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Bits Physical embodiment of digital information and computation
  17. 17. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Eyes are in charge, but hands are underemployed. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Orrery: Tangible Representation of Knowledge Aesthetics which value haptic interaction with specialized physical objects ... but much richness has been lost.
  18. 18. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 計算Compute © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Abacus: Origin of Tangible Bits Hiroshi ISHII, born 2/4/56 Alisa ISHII, born 9/1/04
  19. 19. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Bits • Giving physical forms to digital information and computation, making bits –directly manipulable with two hands • Supporting multi-user collaboration and “tangible thinking” © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1997Tangible Bits paper presented at CHI ‘97
  20. 20. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 1997 March 22-27, 1997 “Tangible Bits” paper presented at CHI ‘97 in Atlanta © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Bits (TUI) Graphical User Interface • Intangible representation (pixels on a screen) + • Generic input devices as “remote-controllers” Tangible User Interface • Tangible representation as interactive control mechanism to manipulate the information and computation • Continuity between physical and digital representation in design Urp running on the Sensetable Xerox Star
  21. 21. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 4tangibles © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii art& science
  22. 22. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii art& science © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii “The Computer for the 21st Century” “The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it.” Mark Weiser July 23, 1952 - April 27, 1999
  23. 23. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii musicBottles (jazz) © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii musicBottles (classical)
  24. 24. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii art& science © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii PingPongPlus Ishii, Lee, Wisneski, Orbanes 1999 • Digital augmentation of ping pong play with "reactive table." • Ball tracking using microphone array underneath table. • “From competition to collaboration” • ICC, Tokyo 2000 • Centre Pompidou, Paris 2003 • Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2005
  25. 25. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii PingPongPlus at Centre Pompidou, Paris 2003 • Digital augmentation of ping pong play with "reactive table." • Ball tracking using microphone array underneath table. • “From competition to collaboration” © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Invisible extension of body - good fit • customize • personalize • adapt • co-evolve
  26. 26. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii© 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii art& science painter = color maker © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii I/O Brush Kimiko Ryokai, Stefan Marti, & Hiroshi Ishii
  27. 27. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Explore patterns of colors and textures through familiar materials © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii I/O Brush History Mode Kimiko Ryokai, Stefan Marti, & Hiroshi Ishii • From where the ink came from?
  28. 28. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii I/O Brush History Mode Kimiko Ryokai, Stefan Marti, & Hiroshi Ishii • Capturing and weaving the (hi)story for every stroke © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii The World as the Palette Colors in Barcelona
  29. 29. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 感動inspire © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 光影digital light & shadow
  30. 30. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii I/O Bulb and Luminous Room Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999 • I/O Bulb –High resolution output, two-way information • Luminous Room –Multiple I/O bulbs illuminating architectural space © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Urp: Urban Planning Workbench (an I/O Bulb AP) Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999 light reflections shadows wind
  31. 31. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Urp: Urban Planning Workbench Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Luminous Room with multiple I/O Bulbs Underkoffler and Ishii, 1997 - 1999 Distributed Illuminating Light
  32. 32. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Bits • Giving physical forms to digital information and computation, making bits –directly manipulable with two hands • Continuity between physical and digital representation in design • Supporting multi-user collaboration and “tangible thinking” © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Painted Bits (GUI) and Tangible Bits (TUI) Graphical User Interface • Intangible representation (pixels on a screen) + • Generic input devices as “remote-controllers” Tangible User Interface • Tangible representation as interactive control mechanism to manipulate the information and computation • Continuity between physical and digital representation in design Urp running on the Sensetable Xerox Star
  33. 33. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Tangible User Interface physical digital © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 5future
  34. 34. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2054 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Minority © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Minority
  35. 35. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Minority Report © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Future
  36. 36. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii SF © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2008 December 8th, 2008 Program for the Future The Tech Museum, San Jose http://programforthefuture.org/
  37. 37. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2008Future is now © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Ggesture © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Ggesture
  38. 38. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii g-speak Oblong Industries © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Airborne Warning And Control System © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Airborne Warning And Control System Early Warning System
  39. 39. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Early Warnings for the Future MIT Media Lab © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Future is not to predict, but to invent. Alan Kay
  40. 40. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii The Future is Already Here - It's Just Not Evenly Distributed. William Gibson © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 何故Why?
  41. 41. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 哲学philosophy © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 未来Future
  42. 42. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Today Today © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2050 today 2050
  43. 43. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2100 today 2050 2100 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 2200 today 2050 2100 2200
  44. 44. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii How do you want to be remembered by people living in 2200? What will you leave for them? � today 2050 2100 2200 © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 死後memento mori
  45. 45. © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii 未来Future © 2008 MIT Media Laboratory, Hiroshi Ishii Thanks! Hiroshi Ishii Tangible Media Group MIT Media Laboratory http://tangible.media.mit.edu/

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