Constructivism learning theory


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Constructivism learning theory

  1. 1. Team 3 Ashleigh Augustine Kelsey Bird Genevieve Souza Team 3: Ashleigh Kelsey Genevieve Brooke
  2. 2. Jean Piaget Significant Contributors -Born November 17, 1896 -Developed major theories: -Zone of Proximal Development -Social Development Theory -Born August 9, 1896 -Developed the Four Stages of Cognitive Development: -Sensorimotor -Preoperational -Concrete Operational -Formal Operational John Dewey -Born October 20, 1859 -Leading proponent of pragmatism -Emphasized the role of experience in education
  3. 3.  Students learn by doing  The learner “constructs” what he or she learns and creates their own understanding  Students actively participate in the learning process by using critical thinking skills  New information is linked to prior knowledge  Teachers are facilitators  Students produce knowledge and form meaning based on their experiences
  4. 4.  It is important for teachers to create a rich learning environment for children to explore.  Piaget’s theory supports the use and integration of technology. This is because technology supplies opportunities to connect with diverse populations of learners.  Teachers need to create student-centered activities that actively engage the students in the learning process.  Technologies such a Web Quests, scavenger and treasure hunts, and curriculum pages are great tools for Constructivist learning theory  Utilizing a computer to research, create, and process information on topics is a great way to integrate technology and the constructivist theory into a classroom  Teachers should try to encourage students to discover concepts by themselves. They should engage students by providing activities that guide students and create opportunities for discussing and questioning.
  5. 5.  Students use active learning skills such as active engagement, interaction, problem-solving, and collaboration with others.  Students create or construct knowledge through interaction of what they already know based on ideas, events, activities which they have come in contact with.  Most of their learning comes from social interaction rather than from books.  Students can use technology to explore new information in creative and organized ways.  Knowledge is acquired through involvement rather than through imitation and repetition.
  6. 6.  Students primarily work alone  Teachers seek the correct answers in order to validate student lessons.  Assessment of student learning is viewed as separate from teaching and is done primarily through testing.  Students are viewed as “blank slates” onto which information is etched by the teacher.  Curricular activities rely heavily on textbooks of data and manipulative materials.  Students primarily work in groups  Teachers seek the student’s point of view in order to understand student learning for use in subsequent lessons.  Assessment of student learning is interwoven with teaching and is done through observation of student performance and portfolios.  Students are viewed as thinkers with emerging theories about the world.  Curricular activities rely heavily on primary sources.
  7. 7. Collectively, we all agree that the Learning Theory of Constructivism should be used in our classrooms to effectively facilitate learning for our students. As teachers, we will recognize that our students learn based on their own experiences, and each child may process information differently. It will be our job to facilitate the learning process, and provide our students with opportunities to interact with sensory data and allow them to construct knowledge from the information presented to them. With today’s growing technology, this learning theory would fit best for our classrooms because we would use our technological resources to offers many strategies for constructivist learning experiences. In our opinion, this theory goes hand-in-hand with technology because they both promote exploration, curiosity, and knowledge.
  8. 8. Information Graphics & Images  www.learning-  www.teach- ism  /constructivismlearning.html  ml   /teach-for-america.png  http://arbeitsblaetter.stangl- /PSYCHOLOGEN/PIAGET/piaget2.gif  1/vygotsky   