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Reye's syndrome presentation


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Presentation over Reye's Syndrome for anatomy class

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Very Nice Slide Show... Thank You! I would only add that Children and Young Adults up to age 19 should not take aspirin or aspirin containing products. And another note; Aspirin is transferable in breastmilk, so breastfeeding moms should never take aspirin or an aspirin containing product.

    Again, thank you for developing this slide show!
    The National Reye's Syndrome Foundation
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Reye's syndrome presentation

  1. 1. <ul>Reye's Syndrome </ul><ul>A medical mystery </ul>
  2. 2. <ul>What is it? </ul><ul><li>Rare, deadly disease, to which no one is immune
  3. 3. Occurs most commonly in children, but teens and adults may also be affected
  4. 4. Attacks the liver and brain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver will malfunction, becoming unable to remove harmful wastes
  5. 5. Ammonia infects the brain </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul>Causes </ul><ul><li>Exact cause unknown
  7. 7. Associated with aspirin and other salicylic-containing medications (anti-inflammatory)
  8. 8. Not contagious
  9. 9. Associated with previous viral infection (influenza, cold, chicken pox, etc.)
  10. 10. Occurs most commonly in people with an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul>Signs and Symptoms </ul><ul><li>Stage I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of energy, lethargy
  12. 12. Nausea and vomiting
  13. 13. Drowsiness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality changes such as irritability, aggressive behavior
  14. 14. Disorientation, confusion
  15. 15. Drowsiness and lethargy may change to unconsciousness (coma)
  16. 16. Seizures </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul>The Brain </ul><ul><li>Diffuse bilateral hyperintensity of supratentorial subcortical white matter and the cortex
  18. 18. Brain is swollen in cerebellum and cortex </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul>Diagnosis </ul><ul><li>Time is important
  20. 20. Two liver function tests done at the ER: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SGOT (AST)
  21. 21. SGPT (ACT) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Further diagnostics confirm Reye's Syndrome </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul>Treatments </ul><ul><li>Patients treated at hospital, sometimes in ICU
  23. 23. No exact cure
  24. 24. Maintenance of proper fluid and electrolyte balance, nutritional, and cardio-respiratory status
  25. 25. May use respirator or breathing machine if breathing becomes sluggish
  26. 26. Fluid pressure in brain and blood pressure should be monitored </li></ul><ul>Medicines </ul><ul><li>Insulin – increase glucose metabolism
  27. 27. Corticosteroids – reduce brain swelling
  28. 28. Diuretics – increase fluid loss </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul>References/Further Study </ul><ul><li>National Reye's Syndrome Foundation –
  30. 30. Healthline –
  31. 31. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research –
  32. 32. Mary Kugler, R.N., “Children Shouldn't Take Aspirin When Sick”
  33. 33. KidsHealth from Nemours –
  34. 34. </li></ul>