Developing fluency


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'Developing fluency' presentation slides by Irina Grekova (December 6, 2013, BKC-IH Moscow, Methodology Day for teachers)

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Developing fluency

  1. 1. Developing Fluency Irina Grekova CELTA, DELTA, MA in TESOL BKC International House Moscow
  2. 2. Developing Fluency (Reference: Jo Gakonga, webinar ‘Freer speaking activities’ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What are fluency speaking activities? Why have fluency tasks? What makes them successful? What problems can arise? 6 types of communicative tasks Resources
  3. 3. What kind of person are you? Are you a tea person or a coffee person? a morning … or an evening …? an earth … or a fire …? a mountain… or a valley…? a jungle… or a forest…? an indoor… or an outdoor…? a garden… or a forest…? a sound… or a sight…? a straight line… or a loops and curves…?
  4. 4. Developing fluency Accuracy (form) Drill/ gap-fill Fluency (meaning) discussion
  5. 5. Developing fluency Accuracy no communicative purpose (?) focus on form one language item only teacher intervention Fluency desire to communicate communicative purpose focus on meaning variety of language no teacher intervention
  6. 6. Developing fluency Accuracy Gap fill Matching Finishing sentences Opening brackets Fluency Role play Discussion Debate Story making Problem solving Survey Interview
  7. 7. Developing fluency Is it just speaking? Language input (PPP approach) Gr/ Vocab/ FL Speaking Language input (TBL; error correction)
  8. 8. Example 1 My best friend • Name • How I know her • Why I like her 1.Think about your friend 2. Tell your partner about them 3. Your partner must ask you 2 Qs
  9. 9. Developing fluency Language input Speaking Adjectives of personality Describing people Present Perfect Past Simple Language input
  10. 10. Example 2
  11. 11. Developing fluency Parents Teenagers Is there any chance of borrowing… I’d like to, but… I don’t think it’s a good idea. Would you mind if I borrowed… I’d be really careful if you let me … … If you borrowed it, you’d probably
  12. 12. Developing fluency Language input Speaking Language input Error correction
  13. 13. Error correction If you would borrow a car, you would crash it! Please, let me to borrow it! You will accident!
  14. 14. What makes the task successful? • • • • • • • • • An interesting topic Personalization Setting it up Providing a model Time for preparation Purpose Structure Relaxed atmosphere Even participation
  15. 15. How would you set it up? Problems • You want to give up smoking • Your child is being bullied at school • You have a really bad headache • You’ve lost your job • Your boy/girlfriend has left you • Your life is boring
  16. 16. Problems • • • • • • • Ls are unable to express themselves Ls feel inhibited Ls have nothing to say Ls are unclear about what to do Some Ls are silent Ls use L1 Ls make a lot of mistake
  17. 17. Problems and Solutions • Ls are unable to express themselves • Ls feel inhibited • Ls have nothing to say • Ls are unclear about what to do • Some Ls are silent • Ls use L1 • Ls make a lot of mistake • • • • • • • • Keep th level lower Frame/ set it up Give preparation time Give a model Specific not general Role cards Small amount-fine Not a problem
  18. 18. Developing fluency A communicative task is….
  19. 19. Communicative task ‘A communicative task is an activity where the language is used by the learner for a communicative purpose (goal) in order to achieve an outcome.’ ‘A Framework for Task Based Learning’ by J. Willis.
  20. 20. Aspects of a communicative task • Goal – oriented • Language used in a meaningful way • Emphasis on understanding, conveying meanings in order to complete the task • Outcome
  21. 21. Types of communicative activities • • • • • • Listing Ordering & sorting Comparing Problem solving Sharing personal experience Creative tasks
  22. 22. Types of communicative activities Information gap activities Questions & answers discussions clarification techniques Guessing games Jigsaw tasks projects Interviews problem solving role-plays stories