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  2. 2. 75% of High School Students report having tried alcohol at least once. 28% reported having an alcoholic beverage in the last month Male students more likely than female students to report episodic heavy drinking
  3. 3. What is Alcohol? <ul><li>Depressant </li></ul><ul><li>Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl alcohol or ethanol </li></ul><ul><li>Slows down the functions of the brain and other parts of the nervous system </li></ul>
  4. 4. Harmful Effects of Alcohol <ul><li>In the short time an excess of alcohol in your bloodstream leads to </li></ul><ul><li>-poor reaction time </li></ul><ul><li>-poorer muscle control and coordination </li></ul><ul><li>-poorer judgment when making decisions </li></ul>
  5. 5. More Effects <ul><li>Long term abuse of alcohol can have a devastating impact on health </li></ul><ul><li>Hangovers </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>Depressed immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss </li></ul>
  6. 6. … The Rest of Alcohol Effects <ul><li>Liver </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short Term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liver changes alcohol into water and carbon dioxide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liver is damaged possibly resulting in cirrhosis (scarring and destruction of the liver) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Liver <ul><li>Can only oxidize about 1 serving of alcohol an hour </li></ul><ul><li>NO WAY to speed up this process </li></ul><ul><li>Until liver has had time to oxidize all of the alcohol ingested, it keeps circulating through the bloodstream </li></ul>
  8. 8. Liver Damage <ul><li>CIRRHOSIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scarring of the liver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no blood flow in scarred area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>liver cannot function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>symptoms: high blood pressure, abdominal swelling, jaundice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IRREVERSIBLE </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Healthy Liver Alcoholic Liver
  10. 10. Liver damage can cause ‘jaundice’- yellowing of eyes and skin
  11. 11. Yellow hands on top, red palms underneath - a sign of liver damage
  12. 12. Alcoholism <ul><li>A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized as an impaired ability to study, work, or socialize normally. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Effects on Family and Society <ul><li>40% of violent crimes annually are alcohol related </li></ul><ul><li>½ of all homicide victims have alcohol in their bloodstream </li></ul>
  14. 14. Treatment <ul><li>Cannot be cured </li></ul><ul><li>Can be treated </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul>
  15. 15. Where to go for help <ul><li>Alcoholics Anonymous </li></ul><ul><li>National Association for children of alcoholics </li></ul><ul><li>National drug and treatment referral routing service. </li></ul>