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Gerund x Infinitive

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Some rules to use GERUND (ing) or INFINITIVE ( with or without TO).

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Gerund x Infinitive

  1. 1. 1. Como substantivo ou sujeito da oração Singing is her favority hobby.
  2. 2. 1. Como substantivo ou sujeito da oração Singing is her favority hobby. 2. Após preposições ( in, on, at, about, without...) She’s tired of working.
  3. 3. 1. Como substantivo ou sujeito da oração Singing is her favority hobby. 2. Após preposições ( in, on, at, about, without...) She’s tired of working. 3. Após alguns verbos: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, enjoy, deny, dislike, escape, finish, keep, mind, miss,suggest He admited being wrong.
  4. 4. 1. Como substantivo ou sujeito da oração Singing is her favority hobby. 2. Após preposições ( in, on, at, about, without...) She’s tired of working. 3. Após alguns verbos: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, enjoy, deny, dislike, escape, finish, keep, mind, miss,suggest He admited being wrong. 4. Após algumas locuções verbais: can’t stand, can’t help, it’s no use, there’s no point , it’s (not) worth... I can’t help feeling sorry for him.
  5. 5. 1. (UPE-03) _____ in a foreign country is not so easy. a)You live b) I live c) Lives d) Living e) Live
  6. 6. 1. (UPE-03) _____ in a foreign country is not so easy. a)You live b) I live c) Lives d) Living e) Live 2. (Vunesp-SP) Choose the right alternative: We enjoy ________. a) telling jokes b) play cards c) practice sports d) go parties e) buy clothes.
  7. 7. 1. (UPE-03) _____ in a foreign country is not so easy. a)You live b) I live c) Lives d) Living e) Live 2. (Vunesp-SP) Choose the right alternative: We enjoy ________. a) telling jokes b) play cards c) practice sports d) go parties e) buy clothes.
  8. 8. 3. Keep______! a) moving b) to move c) moves d) move e) to moving
  9. 9. 3. Keep______! a) moving b) to move c) moves d) move e) to moving 4. Sue enjoys seeing us. a) precisa; b) gosta; c) enjoa; d) incomoda-se; e) prefere.
  10. 10. 3. Keep______! a) moving b) to move c) moves d) move e) to moving 4. Sue enjoys seeing us. a) precisa; b) gosta; c) enjoa; d) incomoda-se; e) prefere.
  11. 11. 1. Após os verbos MODAIS ( CAN, MAY, MUST, SHOULD) e os AUXILIARES (DO e WILL). I can sing beautifully. Do you like coffee?
  12. 12. 1. Após os verbos MODAIS ( CAN, MAY, MUST, SHOULD) e os AUXILIARES (DO e WILL). I can sing beautifully. Do you like coffee? 2. Após os verbos MAKE e LET. Let me go. She makes me feel good.
  13. 13. 1. Após os verbos MODAIS ( CAN, MAY, MUST, SHOULD) e os AUXILIARES (DO e WILL). I can sing beautifully. Do you like coffee? 2. Após os verbos MAKE e LET. Let me go. She makes me feel good. 3. Após as conjunções BUT e EXCEPT. She does nothing but cry.
  14. 14. 1. Após os verbos MODAIS ( CAN, MAY, MUST, SHOULD) e os AUXILIARES (DO e WILL). I can sing beautifully. Do you like coffee? 2. Após os verbos MAKE e LET. Let me go. She makes me feel good. 3. Após as conjunções BUT e EXCEPT. She does nothing but cry. (Ela não faz nada além de chorar.)
  15. 15. 1. Após os verbos MODAIS ( CAN, MAY, MUST, SHOULD) e os AUXILIARES (DO e WILL). I can sing beautifully. Do you like coffee? 2. Após os verbos MAKE e LET. Let me go. She makes me feel good. 3. Após as conjunções BUT e EXCEPT. She does nothing but cry. (Ela não faz nada além de chorar.) 4. Após WOULD RATHER (‘d rather) – preferencia; e HAD BETTER (‘d better) – conselho. I’d rather go home by taxi. You’d better see a doctor.
  16. 16. 5. (UPE-04) Jane is tired of ______ bad programs on television. a) watch b) watching c) watches d) be watching e) watched
  17. 17. 5. (UPE-04) Jane is tired of ______ bad programs on television. a) watch b) watching c) watches d) be watching e) watched 6. You’d better ____ your parents. a) helping; b) help; c) to help; d) helps; e) helped.
  18. 18. 5. (UPE-04) Jane is tired of ______ bad programs on television. a) watch b) watching c) watches d) be watching e) watched 6. You’d better ____ your parents. a) helping; b) help; c) to help; d) helps; e) helped.
  19. 19. 1. Após os verbos: agree, appear, arrange, ask, decide, expect, fail, happen, help, invite, learn, offer, manage, plan, promise, refuse, seek, seem, teach, tell, want, wish. He decided to wait here.
  20. 20. 1. Após os verbos: agree, appear, arrange, ask, decide, expect, fail, happen, help, invite, learn, offer, manage, plan, promise, refuse, seek, seem, teach, tell, want, wish. He decided to wait here. 2. Após a estrutura VERBO + OBJETO He invited us to go.
  21. 21. 1. Após os verbos: agree, appear, arrange, ask, decide, expect, fail, happen, help, invite, learn, offer, manage, plan, promise, refuse, seek, seem, teach, tell, want, wish. He decided to wait here. 2. Após a estrutura VERBO + OBJETO He invited us to go. 3. Após as expressões THE FIRST, THE SECOND, THE LAST, THE ONLY She was the first to arrive.
  22. 22. 1. Após os verbos: agree, appear, arrange, ask, decide, expect, fail, happen, help, invite, learn, offer, manage, plan, promise, refuse, seek, seem, teach, tell, want, wish. He decided to wait here. 2. Após a estrutura VERBO + OBJETO He invited us to go. 3. Após as expressões THE FIRST, THE SECOND, THE LAST, THE ONLY She was the first to arrive. 4. Após os pronomes interrogativos (WHAT, WHERE, HOW, WHOSE...) I don’t know what to do.
  23. 23. 1. Após os verbos: agree, appear, arrange, ask, decide, expect, fail, happen, help, invite, learn, offer, manage, plan, promise, refuse, seek, seem, teach, tell, want, wish. He decided to wait here. 2. Após a estrutura VERBO + OBJETO He invited us to go. 3. Após as expressões THE FIRST, THE SECOND, THE LAST, THE ONLY She was the first to arrive. 4. Após os pronomes interrogativos (WHAT, WHERE, HOW, WHOSE...) I don’t know what to do. 5. Quando se quer mencionar com que propósito se faz alguma coisa. I brought a sandwich to give you.

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