Rocks

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Rocks

  1. 1. You need a calculator (NO PHONES) for my final exam!!
  2. 2. ROCKS Foundation Science Final Lesson
  3. 3. What is a Rock? • Mixture of minerals. Sometimes include organic matter.
  4. 4. Types of Rock? • 3 types: • IGNEOUS • SEDIMENTARY • METAMORPHIC
  5. 5. Once a rock is formed, does it stay the same rock forever? • NO!
  6. 6. The Rock Cycle • Rocks changing from one type to one of the other 2 types.
  7. 7. • “Ignis” = Latin for “fire” • Formed from the cooling of either magma or lava • The most abundant type of rock
  8. 8. IGNEOUS ROCKS Granite Pumice Obsidian
  9. 9. • Formed from sediments (rock fragments, mineral grains, animal & plant remains) that are pressed or cemented.
  10. 10. • These sediments are moved by wind, water, ice or gravity. • Sedimentary rocks cover 70% of the Earth’s surface! • Water can easily erode sedimentary rock • Sedimentary rocks are fossil-carrying rocks.
  11. 11. How can sedimentary rocks help us understand the age of fossils? • As sedimentary rocks are made, they form layers • The layers on top (and the fossils in the top layer) are YOUNGER than the fossils in lower layers
  12. 12. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
  13. 13. • Rocks that have changed due to intense temperature and pressure • “Meta” means “change” and “morph” means “form” in Greek • Igneous, sedimentary and other metamorphic rocks can change to become metamorphic rocks
  14. 14. What occurs in the Earth to change these rocks? • Pressure from overlying rock layers • High heat, but not enough to melt the rock
  15. 15. METAMORPHIC ROCKS
  16. 16. Review of how the 3 rock types are formed….
  17. 17. QUESTIONS 1. What are the three types of rocks? 2. What type of rocks hold fossils? 3. What kind of rock has the Grand Canyon formed in (take your best guess)? 4. What kind of rock is made from lava? 5. What is the most common rock we see on the Earth’s surface? 6. Will an igneous rock stay an igneous rock forever?

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