Addictive Substances
Addictive Substances – chemicals that a person becomes
addicted to.
We will study 5 types of drugs
1. Stimulants
2. Depressants
3. Narcotics
4. Hallucinogens
5. Inhalants
Stimulants
-Stimulants – speed up the process of the nervous system, so a
person may stay awake longer or stay excited.
-E...
Depressants
-Depressants –slow down the activities of the central nervous
system
-They are taken to relax a person
-Exampl...
Narcotics
Narcotics – taken to relieve pain and make you sleep easier.
They affect the body by depressing the nervous syst...
Hallucinogens
Hallucinogens – make you see things that are not real.
Examples: LSD, cannabis (marijuana)
Inhalants
Inhalants are sniffed or breathed as vapor
Examples: cleaning solvents, glue, paint, aerosol sprays, nitrous
oxi...
Common Drugs
Cigarettes
-Smoking – single greatest cause of preventable death in the world
-Smoke causes lung cancer, hear...
Cigarette smoke damages teeth
Cigarette smoke damages lungs
Cigarette smoke can kill other people
Lung cancer X-ray
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Addictive Substances

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Addictive Substances

  1. 1. Addictive Substances Addictive Substances – chemicals that a person becomes addicted to.
  2. 2. We will study 5 types of drugs 1. Stimulants 2. Depressants 3. Narcotics 4. Hallucinogens 5. Inhalants
  3. 3. Stimulants -Stimulants – speed up the process of the nervous system, so a person may stay awake longer or stay excited. -Example stimulants: methamphetamine (=meth=speed), cocaine, caffeine, nicotine One year of meth use
  4. 4. Depressants -Depressants –slow down the activities of the central nervous system -They are taken to relax a person -Examples: alcohol, barbiturates -Alcohol causes slow brain activity and misjudgment…….
  5. 5. Narcotics Narcotics – taken to relieve pain and make you sleep easier. They affect the body by depressing the nervous system. Examples: opium, heroin, morphine, codeine Before and After Heroin
  6. 6. Hallucinogens Hallucinogens – make you see things that are not real. Examples: LSD, cannabis (marijuana)
  7. 7. Inhalants Inhalants are sniffed or breathed as vapor Examples: cleaning solvents, glue, paint, aerosol sprays, nitrous oxide
  8. 8. Common Drugs Cigarettes -Smoking – single greatest cause of preventable death in the world -Smoke causes lung cancer, heart diseases, bronchitis, emphysema -There are over 19 known carcinogens in cigarette smoke -Carcinogen = chemical that causes cancer
  9. 9. Cigarette smoke damages teeth Cigarette smoke damages lungs Cigarette smoke can kill other people Lung cancer X-ray

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