Solar System

2,403 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • can i have this presentation for my project? please
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,403
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
75
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
145
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Solar System

  1. 2. Nebular Theory How the Solar System formed!!
  2. 3. A star that explodes is said to have gone SUPERNOVA . It produces a lot of ejected matter. We will study more about them in the next chapter!
  3. 4. A nebula is the cloud of gas and dust that remains after a supernova event.
  4. 5. Horsehead Nebula in the Constellation Orion NASA
  5. 6. Planetary Nebula NASA
  6. 7. Formation of the Solar System
  7. 8. Shock wave from space started gravitational forces to spin and collapse the material found in the nebula. Most of the material fell to the center forming the sun (99% of the System’s mass).
  8. 9. Planets closest to the sun lost their low mass gases ( H and He) due to the heat from the sun. These are the inner or terrestrial planets. NASA
  9. 11. Planets further from the sun kept their light gases and formed the gas giants with small rocky cores. NASA
  10. 12. Look at Pluto’s orbit. This is one reason it is not considered a planet.
  11. 13. Check out Pluto’s orbit!!!
  12. 14. Gas giants http://www.windows.ucar.edu/
  13. 15. Scale of sun and planets NASA
  14. 16. Outer atmosphere Middle atmosphere Gives sun its color “ Surface” emits light NASA Video clip of fusion in the sun’s core
  15. 17. NASA
  16. 18. NASA
  17. 19. Sunspot animation NASA
  18. 20. NASA
  19. 21. Granules: convection from inside the sun causes the photosphere to be subdivided into 1000-2000km cells that look like rice grains or kernels of corn. photosphere NASA
  20. 22. Ultraviolet image of the sun NASA
  21. 23. X – ray image of the sun NASA
  22. 24. Solar prominence Solar flares Magnetic storms on the sun NASA
  23. 25. NASA
  24. 26. NASA
  25. 27. NASA
  26. 28. Corona – seen only during eclipse Video clip on the sun
  27. 29. Mercury
  28. 30. Extremely unpleasant place DISTANCE FROM SUN: 36 million miles (57.9 million kilometers). REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 88 days. ROTATION: 59 days. DENSITY: 5.4 x that of water. MASS: 0.06 x that of earth SURFACE TEMPERATURE: 806°F (430°C) on day side,-297°F (-183°C) on night side. NASA
  29. 31. Close up pictures of Mercury look a lot like the moon! NASA
  30. 32. Very cratered like the moon. Too hot to have an atmosphere. NASA
  31. 33. Venus
  32. 34. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 67.2 million miles REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 225 days. ROTATION: 243 days. DENSITY: 5.2 x that of water. MASS: 0.815 x that of Earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: 850°F NASA
  33. 35. Strange “pancake” volcanoes on Venus NASA
  34. 36. Surface features on Venus. NASA
  35. 37. Earth Goldilocks condition – being located at just the right distance from a star so that conditions are appropriate for life to exist.
  36. 38. Mars
  37. 39. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 141,525,900 miles REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 687 days ROTATION: 24.6 hours DENSITY: 3.9 x that of water MASS: 0.1 x that of Earth SURFACE TEMPERATURE: variable, averages minus 85°F NASA
  38. 40. Volcanoes Valley deeper than the Grand Canyon . NASA
  39. 41. Signs of previous water on Mars NASA
  40. 42. NASA
  41. 43. NASA
  42. 44. Polar region containing frozen carbon dioxide and water. NASA
  43. 45. Largest volcano in the Solar System - Olympus Mons NASA
  44. 46. NASA
  45. 47. Surface of Mars NASA
  46. 48. NASA
  47. 49. NASA
  48. 50. Deimos Moons of Mars are “captured” asteroids. NASA
  49. 51. Phobos NASA
  50. 52. Asteroid Belt
  51. 53. Asteroid Ida and moon NASA
  52. 54. asteroid Gaspra Movie of close-up NASA
  53. 55. Jupiter
  54. 56. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 484 million miles REVOLUTION : 11.86 years. ROTATION: 9.9 hours. DENSITY: 1.3 x that of water. MASS: 318 x that of Earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: -236°F (-149°C) at cloud tops. NASA
  55. 57. Rings of Jupiter NASA
  56. 58. NASA
  57. 59. NASA
  58. 60. Movie of atmospheric movement NASA
  59. 61. Europa
  60. 62. Ganymede NASA
  61. 63. Io NASA
  62. 64. Callisto NASA
  63. 65. NASA
  64. 66. Saturn
  65. 67. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 887 million miles REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 29.5 years. ROTATION: 10 hours, 14 minutes. DENSITY: 0.7 x that of water. MASS: 95 x that of Earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: -288°F (-178°C) at cloud tops. NASA
  66. 68. video of storm on Saturn NASA
  67. 69. NASA
  68. 70. Titan Largest moon in the solar system – Mission dropped into its atmosphere and onto the surface on Jan. 14, 2005. NASA                                                                                                                                                                                      
  69. 71. The surface of Saturn's moon taken in Jan. 2005. NASA
  70. 72. Uranus
  71. 73. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 1.8 billion miles REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 84 years. ROTATION: 17.2 hours. DENSITY: 1.3 x that of water. MASS: 14.5 x that of Earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: -297°F at cloud tops. NASA
  72. 74. NASA
  73. 75. Neptune
  74. 76. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 2.8 billion miles REVOLUTION ROUND SUN: 164 years. ROTATION: 17.2 hours. DENSITY: 1.6 x that of water. MASS: 17 x that of earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: -392°F at cloud tops. NASA
  75. 77. NASA
  76. 78. Triton - moon of Neptune NASA
  77. 79. Pluto
  78. 80. DISTANCE FROM SUN: 3.7 billion miles REVOLUTION AROUND SUN: 248 years. ROTATION: 6.4 days. DENSITY: 2x that of water. MASS: .002 x that of Earth. SURFACE TEMPERATURE: -387°F to -351°F Pluto is now considered a “dwarf planet” because it does not “clear out” it orbital path.
  79. 81. C Comets
  80. 82. Comets probably come from two areas of the Solar System: 1. The Kuiper belt – found just outside the orbit of Neptune. (home of short period comets ) like Halley’s Comet.
  81. 83. NASA Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet in the Kuiper Belt.
  82. 84. NASA
  83. 85. <ul><li>The Oort Cloud found outside Pluto’s orbit. (Home of long period comets) </li></ul>1 AU= about 93 million miles
  84. 87. http://www.solarviews.com/cap/comet/kuiper3.htm
  85. 88. NASA
  86. 90. NASA
  87. 92. Comet animation
  88. 93. NASA
  89. 95. Meteoroid Meteor Meteorite
  90. 99. NASA                                                                             
  91. 100. http://www.mnh.si.edu / Meteorite crater in Canada
  92. 101. One of the best places to look for meteorites is Antarctica! NASA
  93. 102. NASA
  94. 103. NASA
  95. 104. NASA

×