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Takyra Dudley presentation on fractures. Medical Terminology

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Tkfrac

  1. 1. Ta’kyra Dudley <br />ProfessorAbdullahMedical Terminology<br />Fractures<br />
  2. 2. Fx<br />A fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is broken.<br />Bone fractures can be caused by high force impact, stress or as a result of the bones being in a weakened state by conditions such as osteoporosis.<br />
  3. 3. Greenstick fracture<br />A greenstick fracture describes a fracture where the break is incomplete on one side and on the bone is bent on the other.<br />There are three types of greenstick fractures : transverse, torus, and bow.<br />Greenstick fractures are most common in children and infants.<br />
  4. 4. Greenstick FX<br />
  5. 5. Stress Fracture<br />A light fracture caused by repetitive low-impact forces.<br />Can be described as a crack in the bone due to its incomplete nature.<br />Also referred to as hairline fractures.<br />
  6. 6. Stress fx<br />
  7. 7. Oblique Fracture<br />An oblique fracture is a break which has a fracture line that runs diagonal to the bone shaft<br />It is usually the result of a sharp angled blow.<br />
  8. 8. Oblique Fx<br />
  9. 9. treatments<br />Fixation: A procedure to stabilize a fractured bone while it heals. <br />External fixation includes casts, splints and pins inserted through the skin.<br />Internal fixation includes pins, plates, rods, screws, etc apllied through an open reduction<br />
  10. 10. Treatments cont<br />Reduction: Process of correcting a fracture by realigning the bone fragments.<br />Closed reduction is when the procedure is done from outside of the body.<br />Open reduction is done through a surgical incision at the site of the fracture.<br />
  11. 11. And finally<br />Traction: The process of applying a pulling force on a fractured or dislocated limb or the vertebral column in order to restore normal alignment.<br />Traction can either be applied through the skin (skin traction) or through pins inserted into bones (skeletal traction).<br />
  12. 12. In conclusion, there are many other types of fractures in addition to the few detailed in the presentation. Thank you.<br />

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