• Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases in which cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start because abnormal cells grow out of control. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and even death.
What Is Breast Cancer?• Breast cancer is a malignant (cancer) tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. It is found mostly in women, but men can get breast cancer, too. Here we will only talk about breast cancer in women.
• Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant(cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. It is considered a heterogeneous disease.• http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/About- Breast-Cancer/
Risk/Protective Factors• Smoking• Inheriting certain genes• Exercise• Healthy Diet
Symptoms• Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)• Skin irritation or dimpling• Breast or nipple pain• Nipple retraction (turning inward)• Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin• Nipple discharge (other than
Diagnoses/Treatments• screening tests• Imaging tests like x-rays, magnetic fields, sound waves, or radioactive substances• Mammogram- is an x-ray of the breast• Ductogram-thin plastic tube is placed into the opening of the duct in the nipple that the discharge is coming from.
Diagnoses/Treatments• Ultrasound- sound waves to outline a part of the body.• MRI scans- use radio waves and strong magnets .• Partial mastectomy: Surgery to remove the part of the breast that has cancer and some normal tissue around it. The lining over the chest muscles below the cancer
Diagnoses/Treatments• Lumpectomy- Surgery to remove a tumor (lump) and a small amount of normal tissue around it.• Total mastectomy- Surgery to remove the whole breast that has cancer.• Modified radical mastectomy: Surgery to remove the whole breast that has cancer, many of the lymph nodes under the arm, the