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About graphics-on-web


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About graphics-on-web

  1. 1. About Graphics on Web
  2. 2. Graphics  Good design is clear thinking made visible.  Good diagrams and interesting illustrations are visually arresting and create documents that are distinct and memorable.
  3. 3. The Role of Web Graphics  Graphics as a Content  Illustrations: Graphics can show you things, bringing pieces of the world into your document  Diagrams: Quantitative graphics and process diagrams can explain concepts visually  Quantitative data: Numeric charts can help explain financial, scientific, or other data  Analysis and causality: Graphics can help take apart a topic or show what caused it  Integration: Graphics can combine words, numbers, and images in a comprehensive explanation
  4. 4. Characteristics of Web Graphics  Color displays  Screen Resolution  Gamma  Graphics and bandwidth
  5. 5. Graphic File Formats  The primary web file formats are GIF (pronounced “jiff”), JPEG (“jay-peg”), and, to a much lesser extent, PNG (“ping”) files.  GIF Graphics  JPEG Graphics  PNG Graphics
  6. 6. GIF Graphics  Many images on the web are in GIF format, and virtually all web browsers that support graphics can display GIF files. GIF files are 8-bit graphics and thus can only accommodate 256 colors.  GIF file compression
  7. 7. GIF Graphics  Dithering : GIF images can contain no more than 256 colors. The process of reducing many colors to 256 or fewer is called dithering.
  8. 8. Improving GIF compression  Interlaced GIF  Transparent GIF
  9. 9. Advantages of GIF files  GIF is the most widely supported graphics format on the web  GIFs of diagrammatic images look better than JPEGs  GIF supports transparency and interlacing
  10. 10. JPEG Graphics  JPEG images are full-color images that dedicate at least 24 bits of memory to each pixel, resulting in images that can incorporate 16.8 million colors. JPEG images are used extensively among photographers, artists, graphic designers, medical imaging specialists, art historians, and other groups for whom image quality and color fidelity is important.
  11. 11. Advantages of JPEG images  JPEG achieves huge compression ratios, which mean faster downloads  JPEG produces excellent results for most photographs and complex images  JPEG supports full-color (24-bit, true-color) images
  12. 12. PNG Graphics  PNG is an image format developed by a consortium of graphic software developers as a nonproprietary alternative to the GIF image format.  PNG graphics were designed specifically for use on web pages, and they offer a range of attractive features, including a full range of color depths, support for sophisticated image transparency, better interlacing, and automatic corrections for display monitor gamma.  PNG supports full-color images and can be used for photographic images
  13. 13. Imaging Strategies  Photographs as GIFs
  14. 14. Imaging Strategies  Photograph as JPEGs
  15. 15. Graphics Markup  Height and width tags : Graphic source tags tell the browser how much space to devote to a graphic on a page, and they instruct the browser to lay out your web page even before the graphics files have begun to download.  Alt text: HTML has several built-in fallbacks designed to allow web pages to work under different conditions. One of these is the “alt” attribute of the <img>tag. The alt attribute allows us to supply an alternate text description with any images we place on our page.  Colored Backgrounds: Web colors offer a zero-bandwidth means to change the look of your pages without adding graphics. They also allow you to increase the legibility of your pages, tune the background color to complement foreground art, and signal a broad change in context from one part of your site to another.  Background colors and legibility: A primary factor affecting legibility is the contrast between text and background. Low-contrast type diminishes the reader’s ability to differentiate between the color of the background and the text, which in turn makes it difficult to distinguish letterforms
  16. 16. Graphics Markup  Background Graphics : Cascading Style Sheets offer powerful tools for designing layouts that include background graphics. With css, you can set a background graphic and define where it displays, whether it repeats, and, if so, in what direction, whether the image is fixed in place or scrolls with the page, and more. Background graphics can be attached to the entire page or to individual elements, such as the banner, navigation, or content area
  17. 17. Conclusion  Thus, graphics makes our website look more beautiful and attractive.