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Globalization and Women ASB 211


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Globalization and Women ASB 211

  1. 1. GLOBALIZATION AND WOMEN ASB 211 Spring 2015
  2. 2. GLOBALIZATION Direct and indirect sharing of technology, ideas, behaviors, labor, services, and material goods across and between different peoples around the world.
  3. 3. WOMEN ARE A GLOBALLY TRADED COMMODITY. Labor force Exploitation/human trafficking Discrimination: racism, classism, sexism
  4. 4. A NEW LABOR FORCE Women are now recruited into industrial/factory positions Unskilled Labor: 1. low wages, long hours 2. no benefits 3. unable to ask for worker’s rights 4. workers forced to “rent” their own equipment (IS THIS SLAVERY?)
  5. 5. FACTORY DAUGHTERS 50% of factory workers in Mexico are women. 70-90% of factory workers in Southern Asia are women. Women in industrial jobs: Called a “secondary labor force” Usually single, unmarried or single mothers Experience extensive health problems No job security
  6. 6. EXPLOITATION/HUMAN TRAFFICKING Human trafficking: 3rd largest illegal industry in the world, generating $32 billion annually 20.9 million people in forced labor between 2002-2011 Sex trafficking: 2-4 million women & girls annually Push/pull factors Governments and States benefit from human trafficking!
  7. 7. LABOR AND TRAFFICKING ARE CONNECTED Poor labor conditions increases human trafficking 1. unemployment 2. misleading opportunities 3. women as payments for debts Poor immigration laws and policies increase human trafficking 1. deportation to violent border cities 2. deportees separated from families 3. expensive legal immigration leads to dangerous human smuggling
  8. 8. DISCRIMINATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY Sexism Women recruited into unskilled labor or domestic work are seen around the world as unequal to men, directly or indirectly.  Secondary labor force  Lower wages  Abuse  Prejudice
  9. 9. DISCRIMINATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY Racism Continued racism around the world means that some women are subject to even more prejudice, aggression, and violence.
  10. 10. DISCRIMINATION IN THE 21ST CENTURYClassism Women from high status and wealthy families have: Better health Better conditions of living Better jobs (or do not have to work) Less regulation over their bodies Higher education and literacy rates Healthier children