James Marshall Settled as a farmer near Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and briefly resided in Indiana and Illinois He joined a wagon train to California in 1844 desperately trying to escape poverty and hunger. He met John Sutter in CA and was employed by him as a carpenter to work on his land. Discovered gold at Sutter’s mill in January, 1848 The Gold Rush did not make on Marshall rich
John Sutter In 1847, Sutter contracted with James Marshall to build a sawmill on the south fork of the American River Gold was discovered on his land The Gold Rush turned out to be a disaster for him. He tried to keep the news of Marshall’s discovery quiet, but news spread and the Gold Rush thrived Gold Seekers overran his land— destroying his good and livestock
Levi Strauss Bavarian immigrant Came to San Francisco in 1850 Invented a new type of pants that suited the miner’s tough lifestyle Known as the “Cowboy’s Tailor” Strauss and his brothers made a fortune by selling these pants to gold miners
Lotta Crabtree Moved to San Francisco with her family when she was 9 Her father moved them there from New York seeking for gold. Was inspired by dancer Lola Montez to sing and dance By age 12, she became known as “Miss Lotta, the San Francisco Favorite.” Moved back east and had a very successful performing career.
Juana Briones One of the first settlers of San Francisco Managed to hold onto 4,400 acres of land even after all of California’s changes before, during, and after the Gold Rush Known for her compassion and skill as a medical woman She was also a cattle rancher, merchant, and businesswoman
Samuel Brannan Opened a store at John Sutter’s fort in 1847 During the Gold Rush, his store made major profits by selling up to $5000 in goods ($120,000 today) Became one of the largest landowners in Sacramento 1850s-1860s known as the richest man in Caliornia His greedy ways eventually got the best of his fortune and led him to be impoverished in the late 1800s
Phillip Armour Made a large fortune by supplying miners with meat from his butcher shop Eventually built a huge meat packing company, Armour & Company, in Chicago Used his wealth for charity He later founded the Armour Mission and the Armour Institute of Technology (which later became the Illinois Institute of Technology)