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Basics of GST ( Goods & Service Tax)

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This PPT covers basics of GST in India.

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Basics of GST ( Goods & Service Tax)

  1. 1. Goods and Service Tax (GST)
  2. 2. BASICS of GST GST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer The Input Tax credit paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. It is the end consumer who will bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the previous stages. With the streamlining of the multiple taxes, the final cost to the consumer will turn out to be low because of elimination of double charging system.
  3. 3. Meaning & Scope of Supply 3 Supply includes : (a) All forms of supply of goods and/or services such as sale, transfer, barter, exchange, license, rental, lease or disposal made or agreed to be made for a consideration by a person in the course or furtherance of business, (b) Importation of services, whether or not for a consideration and whether or not in the course or furtherance of business, and (c) Supply made or agreed to be made without a consideration(SCH-I).
  4. 4. Inward Supply “Inward Supply” in relation to a person, shall mean receipt of goods and/or services whether by purchase, acquisition or any other means and whether or not for any consideration Outward Supply “Outward Supply” in relation to a person, shall mean supply of goods and/or services, whether by sale, transfer, barter, exchange, license, rental, lease or disposal made or agreed to be made by such person in the course or furtherance of business Continuous Supply Means a supply of services which is provided, or agreed to be provided, continuously or on recurrent basis, under a contract, for a period exceeding three months with periodic payment obligations and includes supply of such services as the Government may, subject to such conditions, by notification, specify
  5. 5. When it is not a ‘Supply’  Activities and transactions specified in Schedule III: – Services by an employee to the employer in the course of or in relation to his employment; – Services of funeral, burial, crematorium or mortuary including transportation of the deceased. – Actionable claims, other than lottery, betting and gambling  Such activities or transactions undertaken by the Central Government, a State Government or any local authority in which they are engaged as public authorities, as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council.
  6. 6. Exempt Supply 6 Supply of any goods and/or services which are NOT TAXABLE under this Act Supply of goods and/or services under this Act which attract NIL rate of tax or which may be exempt from tax (Non-Taxable Supply)
  7. 7. Mixed Supply 7 Means : Two or more individual supplies of goods or services, or any combination thereof, made in conjunction with each other by a taxable person for a single price where such supply does not constitute a composite supply; Illustration A supply of a package consisting of canned foods, sweets, chocolates, cakes, dry fruits, aerated drink and fruit juices when supplied for a single price is a mixed supply. Each of these items can be supplied separately and is not dependent on any other. It shall not be a mixed supply if these items are supplied separately.
  8. 8. Taxability : Mixed Supply 8 The tax liability on a mixed supply comprising two or more supplies shall be treated as supply of that particular supply which attracts the highest rate of tax .
  9. 9. Composite Supply 9 A supply made by a taxable person to a recipient comprising two or more supplies of goods or services, or any combination thereof, which are naturally bundled and supplied in conjunction with each other in the ordinary course of trade, one of which is a principal supply; Illustration Where goods are packed and transported with insurance, the supply of goods, packing materials, transport and insurance is a composite supply and supply of goods is the principal supply.
  10. 10. Principal Supply 10 Means: The supply of goods or services which constitutes the predominant element of a composite supply and to which any other supply forming part of that composite supply is ancillary and does not constitute, for the recipient an aim in itself, but a means for better enjoyment of the principal supply.
  11. 11. Zero Rated Supply Means export of goods or services or both; or supply of goods or services or both to a Special Economic Zone developer or a Special Economic Zone unit (eligible for ITC)
  12. 12. General Rule Time of supply of goods could be the earlier of the following:  The date of issue of the invoice with respect to the supply; or  The date on which the supplier receives the payment.  Where it is not possible to determine the Time of Supply, then Time of Supply would be: In case where Return to be filed, then the date on which Return to be filed. In any other case on which CGST/SGST is paid. 1 2 Time of Supply-Goods & Services
  13. 13. Taxes to be subsumed CENTRAL TAXES • Central Excise Duty • Service Tax • Additional Duties of Excise • Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations) • Additional Duties of Customs (known as CVD) & Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD) • Surcharge and Cess levied by Centre so far as they relate to supply of goods and services • Surcharge & Cess levied by Centre STATE TAXES • Central Sales Tax • State VAT • Luxury Tax • Entry Tax and Octroi (all forms) • Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except when levied by the local bodies) • Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling • Purchase Tax • Surcharges and Cesses levied by the State
  14. 14. Taxes not to be subsumed ● Basic Customs Duty ● Export Duty ● Toll Tax ● Road and Passenger Tax ● Electricity Duty ● Stamp Duty ● Property Tax Note: Alcoholic beverages for human consumption are proposed to be kept out of the purview of GST Note: GST on petroleum products would be levied from a notified date to be recommended by the GST Council
  15. 15. GST Rates •The four GST slabs are 5%, 12% 18% and 28%. The fifth rate for gold and precious metals, which was earlier proposed at 4%, will be decided later but is likely to be lower. • Basic food such as milk, food grains, vegetables, will be exempt under the GST. • Other essential items such as edible oil, tea, spices, packaged food items etc. the GST rate may likely be 5%. • Two standard rates of 12% and 18% will cover almost every other goods and services. • Luxury cars, tobacco and aerated drinks would also be levied with an additional cess on top of the highest tax rate.
  16. 16. Persons liable to be Registered in GST • Every supplier who makes a taxable supply of goods and / or services liable to get himself registered in the state from where he supplies • Threshold limit (computed on all India basis) – Special category states – Rs.10 lakhs – Other states –Rs.20 lakhs • Application to be made within 30 days • PAN based Registration • Following persons to obtain registration irrespective of their threshold limit: – Persons making inter-state taxable supply – Casual taxable persons – Non-resident taxable persons 16
  17. 17. Persons liable to be Registered in GST • Following persons to obtain registration irrespective of their threshold limit: – Persons acting as agents or who supply on behalf of other taxable persons – Input service distributor – Electronic commerce operator – Persons who supply through electronic commerce operator – Exemption from Registration : • Persons dealing in goods and/services that are not liable to tax or are exempted under GST Act. • Agriculturists 17
  18. 18. GST Working Model Q. How a particular transaction of goods and services would be taxed simultaneously under Central GST (CGST) and State GST (SGST)? • The Central GST and the State GST would be levied simultaneously on every transaction of supply of goods and services except the exempted goods and services. • Further, both would be levied on the same price or value • While the location of the supplier and the recipient within the country is immaterial for the purpose of CGST, however, SGST would be chargeable only when the supplier and the recipient are both located within the State.
  19. 19. Working Example of GST under CGST & SGST
  20. 20. How GST will operate under Integrated GST (GST) ? • Integrated GST (IGST) would be levied and collected by the Centre on inter-State supply of goods and services. • The GST on supplies in the course of Inter-State trade or commerce shall be levied and collected by the Government of India. • Such tax shall be apportioned between the Union and the States in the manner as may be provided by the law
  21. 21. Working example of GST under IGST Model
  22. 22. How to adjust Input Tax Credit (ITC) ? Setoff of IGST, CGST & SGST will be as follows in the chronological order Credit Off To be adjusted with IGST 1. IGST 2. CGST 3. SGST CGST 1. CGST 2. IGST SGST 1. SGST 2. IGST
  23. 23. GST Return Filing Process
  24. 24. Returns under GST Return / Form Details Frequency Due Date GSTR – 1 Outward sales by business Monthly 10th of next month GSTR – 2 Purchases made by Business Monthly 15th of next month GSTR – 3 GST monthly return along with the payment of amount of tax Monthly 20th of next month GSTR – 4 Quarterly return for GST ( compounding cases) Quarterly 18th of month next quarter GSTR – 5 Periodic return by Non-Resident foreign taxpayer Monthly 20th of next month GSTR – 6 Return for Input Service Distributor (ISD) Monthly 15th of next month GSTR – 7 GST Return for TDS Monthly 10th of next month GSTR – 8 GST return for ecommerce suppliers Monthly 10th of next month GSTR - 9 GST Annual Return Annually 31st December of next financial year
  25. 25. E-commerce industry in India is faced with the levy of multiple taxes, with every state imposing its own set of rules and taxes. The lack of clarity on the tax treatment of the various types of e-commerce transactions has resulted in a chaotic tax environment for the industry. GST Law recognizes the need for rules specific to the e-commerce industry, with specific provisions with respect to e- commerce broadly under two categories : • The e-commerce operator and • Suppliers on e-commerce platforms E-Commerce Businesses under GST Regime
  26. 26. An e-commerce operator is a person who owns, operates or manages digital or electronic facility or platform for electronic commerce. The requirements from an e-commerce operator under GST are- • All e-commerce operators are mandatorily required to register under GST irrespective of their turnover. • Certain service categories may be notified, on supply of which, tax shall be paid by the e-commerce operator, and If the e-commerce operator does not have an establishment in a state, any person representing the e-commerce operator will be liable to pay the tax • E-commerce operator should collect tax @ 2% on the net value of taxable supplies made through their platform, where the consideration, with respect to such supplies, has to be collected by the operator & need to file GSTR 8 by 10th of the month
  27. 27. • Service Sector contributes significantly in export as well as provide a large scale employment, and covers a wide variety of activities such as Information technology, Information Technology Enabled Services, hotel and restaurants, transport, Warehousing –storage, financing, insurance, real estate, and other business services. • Currently Service tax provisions applies to all over India except J&K, but GST will extend to all over India including J&K and also allows Central Govt. to collect the service taxes on rendered services in the state of J&k. • Currently, service tax is levied @15% on Services rendered which includes 0.5% for Swatch Bharat Cess and 0.5% for Krishi Kalyan Cess , under GST regime services will be charged @ higher rate of 18% to 26% which will make the services costlier. • Earlier, Service Providers could not claim input credit of VAT/Excise paid by them on purchase of assets or any other goods. But under GST, they can claim input tax credit charged on the same and hence can reduce their GST liability. Service Sector ( IT / ITES) under GST Regime
  28. 28. • At Present there are disputes between Central and State Governments on various services in nature of products / SAAS model, wherein both central govt and state governments are sending notices. • But with the introduction of single tax GST regime, the double taxation effect due to disputed goods and services in the current tax system will get eliminated. In GST tax structure both supplies of goods and services will be treated once with the unique rate of tax respectively. • Currently there are centralized registration provisions under Service tax that mean provider of services can render services from any place in India, under GST regime centralized registration will not be available as the dealer or the service provider needs to get registered with that particular state Govt from where he is intended to provide services. • In current Service tax system there are provisions for two half-yearly returns in regards to services rendered during that period but in GST Model law there are multiple returns prescribed adding to compliance costs. Service Sector ( IT / ITES) under GST Regime
  29. 29. Contact Us http://taxmantra.com +91-9038335433/+91-8820820811 info@taxmantra.com.

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