Five Steps to Tactical Innovation - Lesson 3

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Five Steps to Tactical Innovation - Lesson 3

  1. 1. Tactical Map Tool The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project A Project of the Center for Victims of Torture Step Three: Define the Terrain
  2. 2. 1. Identify the Problem 5. Develop a plan of action for implementation New Tactics – 5 Steps to Tactical Innovation 2. Build a Common Vision 3. Define the Terrain Using “Tactical Map” & “ Spectrum of Allies” tools 4. Explore & Select Tactics Using participants’ experiences & NT resources
  3. 3. Know Yourself Know Your Opponent Know the Terrain From Sun Tzu— the Art of War The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project Know Yourself Know the Terrain
  4. 4. What is the traditional meaning of the word “terrain”? <ul><li>The contours of a particular land area. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>The geographical landscape of a planet. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the traditional meaning of the word “terrain”? <ul><li>The contours of a particular land area. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory of a country. </li></ul><ul><li>The geographical landscape of a planet. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How does New Tactics define the “terrain”? <ul><li>Laws passed concerning human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships and institutional structures created and maintained by people. </li></ul><ul><li>A road map identifying the location of institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How does New Tactics define the “terrain”? <ul><li>Laws passed concerning human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Human relationships and institutional structures created and maintained by people. </li></ul><ul><li>A road map identifying the location of institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Step 3: Define the Terrain <ul><li>Where a “battle” will be fought… </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tactical mapping ” – CVTs initial map (on the issue of torture) diagrammed over 400 relationships (or “points of contact), from the highly local to the international levels. </li></ul>Know the Terrain
  9. 9. What is tactical mapping? <ul><li>A method to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>visualize relationships and institutions ( the terrain ) sustaining human rights abuses and problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>track the nature and effectiveness of tactics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monitor the implementation of strategy </li></ul></ul>The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project
  10. 10. Example from a Mayan Community in Guatemala
  11. 11. Why use Tactical mapping? To find and explore : <ul><li>Who is involved? </li></ul><ul><li>How are they connected? </li></ul><ul><li>Where can we find help? </li></ul><ul><li>Who can help us? </li></ul><ul><li>What tactics are currently being used? </li></ul>The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project
  12. 12. Tactical Map Benefits <ul><li>Every relationship (or point of contact) – is a possible place to begin an intervention </li></ul><ul><li>A much wider array of tactics would be needed to engage these potential actors </li></ul>
  13. 13. Creating a Tactical Map <ul><li>There are FIVE steps in creating a tactical map. </li></ul>
  14. 14. STEP ONE: Determine the center relationship Center Relationship 1 Person 1 Person
  15. 15. STEP TWO: Add those that have DIRECT CONTACT with the center relationship Center Relationship 1 Person 1 Person People, organizations, institutions at the community level that connect to or have an interest in the two people at the center.
  16. 16. Center Relationship 1 Person 1 Person People, organizations, institutions at the community level that connect to or have an interest in the two people at the center. People, organizations, institutions at the national level . STEP THREE: Add those that have INDIRECT CONTACT with the center relationship
  17. 17. Center Relationship 1 Person 1 Person People, organizations, institutions at the community level that connect to or have an interest in the two people at the center. People, organizations, institutions at the national level . People, organizations, institutions at the international level . Where are YOU on the map?
  18. 18. <ul><li>RED line Power relationship </li></ul><ul><li>BLUE line Mutual benefits </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN line Exploitive relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow line Conflict relationship </li></ul><ul><li>GREY line Potential tactic target OR more information is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Adding Connecting Lines : </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the NATURE of relationships between the different “ points of contact ” by color-coding lines and arrows. </li></ul>The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project STEP FOUR: What are the NATURE of the relationships?
  19. 19. YOU! TARGET STEP FIVE: Choose a TARGET for potential intervention 1 Person 1 Person
  20. 20. A Tactical Map Example <ul><li>We’ll map the example of Nujood Ali from the reading, “Age 10 and Divorced: Nujood Ali and the Fight Against Child Brides in Yemen”. </li></ul>
  21. 21. What is the identified problem? STEP ONE: Determine the center relationship
  22. 22. What is the identified problem? CHILD MARRIAGE
  23. 23. What is the identified problem? CHILD MARRIAGE Who is at the CENTER of our map?
  24. 24. Who is This? Nujood What is the identified problem? CHILD BRIDES <ul><li>Who is at the CENTER of our map? </li></ul><ul><li>Nujood Ali (child bride) </li></ul><ul><li>Who else? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Who is This? Nujood What is the identified problem? CHILD BRIDES <ul><li>Who is at the CENTER of our map? </li></ul><ul><li>Nujood Ali (child bride) </li></ul><ul><li>Who else? </li></ul>
  26. 26. HER FATHER NUJOOD What is the identified problem? CHILD BRIDES <ul><li>Who is at the CENTER of our map? </li></ul><ul><li>Nujood Ali (child bride) </li></ul><ul><li>Who else? </li></ul>
  27. 27. HER FATHER NUJOOD Problem: CHILD BRIDES STEP TWO: DIRECT CONTACT (face-to-face)
  28. 28. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Problem: CHILD BRIDES STEP TWO: DIRECT CONTACT (face-to-face)
  29. 29. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Problem: CHILD BRIDES
  30. 30. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister STEP THREE: Those with INDIRECT CONTACT Problem: CHILD BRIDES
  31. 31. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Yemeni Women’s Union Sister STEP THREE: Those with INDIRECT CONTACT (local and national) Problem: CHILD BRIDES Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Sharia Committee Tribal Judge Private school Taxi Driver Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR Sisters’ Arab Forum Governorates Parliament Village Community
  32. 32. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Yemeni Women’s Union Sister Problem: CHILD BRIDES Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Private school Taxi Driver Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News STEP THREE: Those with INDIRECT CONTACT (international) Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum Sharia Committee
  33. 33. <ul><li>RED line Power relationship </li></ul><ul><li>BLUE line Mutual benefits </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN line Exploitive relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow line Conflict relationship </li></ul><ul><li>GREY line Potential tactic target OR more information is needed </li></ul>The Center for Victims of Torture—New Tactics in Human Rights Project STEP FOUR: What are the NATURE of the relationships?
  34. 34. HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Problem: CHILD BRIDES STEP FOUR: What are the NATURE of the relationships?
  35. 35. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school STEP FOUR: What are the NATURE of the relationships? Sharia Committee
  36. 36. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school STEP FIVE: Choose a TARGET for action Sharia Committee
  37. 37. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school STEP FIVE: Example of a TARGET for action Sharia Committee
  38. 38. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Choose a TARGET for action
  39. 39. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Example of a TARGET for action
  40. 40. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Choose a TARGET for action
  41. 41. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Example of a TARGET for action
  42. 42. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Choose a TARGET for action
  43. 43. Yemeni Women’s Union Court House Police Station Journalists Yemen Times Newspaper Tribal Judge Seyaj / Child Protection Girls Forum For HR GWCC / YYDF Glamour Magazine Governorates Parliament Village Community IRIN News Condoleezza Rice, US State Dept Sisters’ Arab Forum HER FATHER NUJOOD Judge’s Family Husband Brothers Judge Shada Nasser HR Lawyer Arresting Officer Taxi Driver Sister Private school Sharia Committee STEP FIVE: Example of a TARGET for action
  44. 44. Assignment <ul><ul><li>Create your own tactical map using your identified problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the materials for Lesson 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before our next session: </li></ul></ul>

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