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The Picture of Dorian Gray Intro


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The Picture of Dorian Gray Intro

  1. 1. The Victorian Era, Oscar Wilde and The Picture of Dorian Gray
  2. 2. The Victorian Era <ul><li>Queen Victoria reigned from 1837-1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria inherited the throne at age 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Married her mother’s nephew, Albert </li></ul><ul><li>Bore him 9 children </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria and Albert ruled in the midst of the potato famine of 1845, in which they continued to permit the export of grain and cattle from Ireland to England while over a million Irish peasants starved to death. </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria’s obsessive mourning (10 years) influenced what would become the Victorian mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Her influence was so great that both a political era and a literary epoch was named after her. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contrasts <ul><li>An age of great conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Although Christianity also reigned, this was the first time that institutional Christianity was truly called into question </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, Marx, and Freud emerged during this time </li></ul><ul><li>“ Prudish”, “Prim and proper”, “repressed” and “old fashioned” are often used to describe this era </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>Regarded artists as society’s conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Jack the Ripper; some 8,000 prostitutes were “employed” in London during the mid 1800s </li></ul>
  4. 4. Time of Progress and Prosperity <ul><li>Great strides in science and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid growth of the middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class valued: hard work, strict morality, and pragmatism (practicality over idealism) </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria and Albert fostered moral earnestness and strait laced propriety </li></ul><ul><li>Distinct social classes. Middle and lower classes could never attain the wealth, luxury, and privilege of the upper class. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Victorian Gentlemen <ul><li>Elite status, aristocratic, social class </li></ul><ul><li>Debonair, “dandy”/metrosexual, well-groomed </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated- calling cards, tobacco pouches, high tea </li></ul><ul><li>Inflicted harm on no one, avoided slander and gossip </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical, well educated </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized by virtue of their occupation </li></ul>
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  7. 7. Oscar Wilde <ul><li>Birth name: </li></ul><ul><li>Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde </li></ul><ul><li>Birth date: October 16, 1854 Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Mother was a poet/journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Father was a doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Mother wanted a girl </li></ul><ul><li>Death date: November 30, 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Died penniless and alone of meningitis in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Married with two children </li></ul>
  8. 8. Style <ul><li>Sharp wit </li></ul><ul><li>Outrageous and eccentric clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Irreverent attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Aphorisms/epigrams: A concise expression often satirical with an ingenious turn of thought; sage; witty </li></ul><ul><li>Cynicism: faultfinding; contemptuous; distrustful view of society </li></ul><ul><li>Flamboyant lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Loved to “stir the pot”! </li></ul>Known For:
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  10. 10. Famous Quotes <ul><li>&quot;One should always be in love. That is why one should never marry.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and often convincing.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I choose my friends for their good looks, my acquaintances for their good characters, and my enemies for their good intellects. A man cannot be too careful in the choice of his enemies.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don't be misled into the paths of virtue.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women never have anything to say, but they say it charmingly.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ There are only two kinds of people who are really fascinating- people who know absolutely everything and people that know absolutely nothing.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dorian Gray <ul><li>Wilde’s first and only novel. Written over 100 years ago (1891) </li></ul><ul><li>Opened to much criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, was very successful </li></ul><ul><li>So many current themes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sin and redemption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hedonism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>love and marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>friendship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>youth and beauty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gossip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>influence/manipulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>art(then- paintings, opera; now- films, music, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on revelations about evil in humanity, pleasures of evil and destructiveness of evil. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Basic Synopsis <ul><li>The story of three friends: Basil, Lord Henry, and Dorian Gray </li></ul><ul><li>The soul is a blank canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Basil-angel </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Henry- Devil </li></ul><ul><li>Dorian Gray- a clean slate </li></ul><ul><li>Id, ego, superego </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-autobiographical </li></ul>
  13. 13. Major Theme: <ul><li>Hedonism: The devotion to pleasure as a way of life; one’s sole priority is to seek pleasure/happiness without regard for others. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Id, Ego, Superego <ul><li>Freud believed that the id is based on our pleasure principle .  In other words, the id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>The ego is based on the reality principle .  The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run </li></ul><ul><li>The Superego is the moral part of us and develops due to the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our caregivers.  Many equate the superego with the conscience as it dictates our belief of right and wrong. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hedonism Handbook Top Hedonism Mantras <ul><li>Live and Let Live </li></ul><ul><li>Carpe Diem </li></ul><ul><li>You Can’t Take it With You </li></ul><ul><li>You Only Live Once </li></ul><ul><li>Just Do It </li></ul><ul><li>Never Say Never </li></ul><ul><li>Look Out for Number One </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Perils of Structured Living (according to Hedonists) <ul><li>You will be unpopular at parties </li></ul><ul><li>You will become hardened and bitter </li></ul><ul><li>You will age prematurely </li></ul><ul><li>You will experience greater stress </li></ul><ul><li>You will spend your life struggling </li></ul><ul><li>You will feel cheated </li></ul><ul><li>You will feel left out </li></ul><ul><li>You have serious regrets in the end </li></ul><ul><li>You will not be happy </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>“Few things are harder to put up with than the annoyance of a good example.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Mark Twain </li></ul>
  18. 18. Journal: <ul><li>Discuss the positive and negative aspects of the hedonistic way of life in both personal and public spheres. How might this be an appealing way to live? How might this way of thinking be exemplified in the arts (Hollywood, actors, singers, models, comedians, as well as, sculptors, painters, etc.)? How does society/media perpetuate this idea? Do you believe our society is more hedonistic than others? Why or Why not? </li></ul>