Accomodations for students with special learning disabilities


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Dr. Kate's presentation at the Tata Learning Disability Forum (TLDF), 2013

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Accomodations for students with special learning disabilities

  1. 1. Leveling the Playing Field: Accommodations for Studentswith Specific Learning Disability Kate Currawalla Maharashtra Dyslexia Association
  3. 3. PROVISIONS Government of Maharashtra School Education and Sports Department Government Resolution No. SSP 2006/(231/06)Prashi5. 7th September 2006
  4. 4. PROVISIONS SSC (UPTO STD X)• 25% extra time• Oral Test along with the written examination for Standard I to IX. Promotion to next class on the basis of the Average• Scribe/typewriter• Question papers to be read out• Exemption from one language other than English
  5. 5. PROVISIONS SSC………ArithmeticStandard I to IV – errors of interchanging ofcomputation signs and number reversal to be ignoredArithmetic of Standard V in Standard V & VIArithmetic of Standard VI in Standard VII & VIIIArithmetic of Standard VII in Standard IX & XICSE & CBSE students of Standard IX and X can chooseto take exemption from Mathematics.
  6. 6. PROVISIONS SSC…….• Spelling errors and incorrect sentence construction to be ignored.• Errors in respect of showing directions in Geography to be ignored.• Students between Standard I & X exempted from drawing diagrams, graphs, maps and charts. Marks for such questions proportionately distributed to the other questions or students to be provided with supplementary questions.
  7. 7. PROVISIONS SSC……• 20% consolidated grace marks in one or more subjects• Students are permitted to write in ordinary print• Exempted from having to write answers in detail during exams• Physiology & Hygiene in lieu of Science Details available on the government website Computer code number 20060907162939001.
  8. 8. It is important to apply theseprovisions in spirit and not just tothe letter! – Understand the nature of difficulties faced by an individual student – Recognise strengths and build on them – Use innovative strategies that may not be mandated
  9. 9. PROVISIONS – ICSE (STD X)•Exemption from 2nd Language ???•Extra time – 15 minutes per hour 45 minutes for a 2 ½ hours paper•Amanuensis / Computer•Question papers to be read out to the student.•Use of a calculator for any calculations incertain cases. (Maths & Science are optional subjects)
  10. 10. PROVISIONS (CBSE)•Amanuensis•Additional 1 hour time for each paper•English & any four of the following subjects• Mathematics• Science• Social Science• Another Language• Music• Painting• Home Science• Introductory Information Technology
  12. 12. Provisions at H.S.C. Examinations•Extra Time: One Hour•Option of Vocational subjects instead of secondlanguage•Use of amanuensis, if required.•Calculator for Math in all streams & Book-Keeping and Accountancy, Commerce Stream incases of Dyscalculia
  13. 13. Educational Testing Service Policy, Effective November 1, 2005.
  14. 14. ETS AccommodationsSome accommodations that may beapproved include:
  15. 15. ETS Computer-Based TestingExtended testing time (all tests are timed)Additional rest breaksReaderRecorder / writer of answersSelectable background and foreground coloursAlternate test formats:Audio recordingLarge print
  16. 16. ETS Computer-Based Testing……The following may be made available to thosefamiliar with their use:Kensington Trackball mouseHeadMasterTM Plus mouseIntelliKeys® keyboardKeyboard with touchpadMagnifying Text on Computer Screens
  17. 17. Paper-based TestsExtended testing time (all tests are timed)Additional rest breaksWriter / recorder of answersReaderLarge print question paperLarge-print answer sheetAudio recordingAudio recording with large-print figure supplement
  18. 18. When and why should a student drop alanguage? Students with significant language difficulties benefit from concentrating on a single language. Students can ideally attend class/give oral tests or study a reduced portion. Dropping a language in the higher classes allows student to focus on core subjects.
  19. 19. Should LD students dropMathematics?• Higher thinking skills / mathematics can be a gateway to higher education.• Many vocational courses require basic mathematical skills (up to std. X or XII)• Universities abroad do require a foundation in mathematics, but there are ways to fulfill this requirement later.
  20. 20. In determining what provisions to access, it is important to consider:• Future career options• Nature of the student’s difficulties• Training the student to derive the maximum benefit from provisions such as extra time or use of a reader.
  21. 21. “Let no child be demeaned,nor have his wonder diminished, becauseof our ignorance or inactivity.Let no child be deprived of discoverbecause we lack the resources to discoverhis problem.Let no child ever doubt himself or his mindbecause we are unsure of our commitment.” National Center for Learning Disabilities