“I was born in Burma but the Burmese government says I don‟t belong there. I grew up in Bangladesh. But Bangladesh government says, I cannot stay here. As a Rohingya, I feel I am caught between a crocodile and a snake.” -19 years old refugee ,Nayapara camp. Yes, the Rohingya are neither citizen of Burma nor Bangladesh. The Bangladeshi government divided the Rohingya into two categories- recognized refugees living in official camp and unrecognized refugees living in unofficial camps site or among Bangladeshi communities. Now 28,700 refugees reside in two camps of Kutupalung and Nayapara in the south-eastern district of Cox‟s Bazer.
Accordingly Amnesty International the Muslim Rohingya people have continued to suffer from human rights violation under the Burmese Junta since 1978, and many have fled to neighboring Bangladesh as a result. Every 1 dollar donation, refugee gets 35 cents in Bangladesh. They are like a football being kicked from one to another. Then are not wanted in Myanmar, so as they were not wanted in Bangladesh. Here I try to describe some feature of their life.
In Kutapalong camp, up to 16refugees live in a room thatis 10‟‟ ×10”.The hats madeof filthy plastic and bamboocane. Every year betweenMay and October the Naafriver regularly bursts it‟sbank and flow into thecamp.
The average household size is 6-7 persons .By the report of WFP „The houses are small, crowded, and inadequate for healthy living‟. ‘ This house is too small for a husband and wife and children and parents and brothers and sisters. Privacy is needed, but not maintained when we all sleep and live in one room’. – 31-40-year-old male refugee in Nayapara,household size of eight. The EEC has offered a fund to provide these people‟s basic needs, but the government has not responded anything.
A recent morality andnutrition survey showed thatacute malnutrition wasprevent in 16˙8% of 6˙59month children, with 2˙85server cases, chronicmalnutrition was present in51˙95% of the children.
WFP discovered in 2000 year that the refugees were consuming an average of 1600 kilocalories each day. The food economy group calculated that the refugees were getting only 88 % of their ration each week. To buy vegetable, child food, cloths etc, they clandestinely sell rice and lentils stealthily cheap outside the refugee camps.
The Bangladesh Government do not want the children to be educated in Bengali language. In Kutapalong, mid 1996 the GOB (Government of Bangladesh) formal schooling in some camps. In Naypara camp, it was not until January 2000 when the children could start school. The education levels provided are primary to class five.
No, I do not feel safe in the camp. I am especially afraid for our young girls. – Woman refugee in Kutupalong, in her thirties. Primary women and children were forced to collect water from walls nearby village but faced regular attacks. There is no sanitation system in both camps women are frequently attacked and raped when they go to latrines or to the forest to collect firewood. View of one Refugees woman “Any where better for us. Even the fire, the sea or desert. It‟s better to kill us”.
I am happy here in Bangladesh. I am grateful to Bangladesh for giving us shelter. In Burma, we could not sleep because we were always afraid. -refugee women in their 30s in Nayapara camp. More than 50 solar lights have been installed in an effort to improved security, and latrines, bathing cubicles and tube wells have been replaced to UNICHR slandered. WFP has instituted a few vocational training programmers‟ targeting particularly refugees women and girls. More than 1000 adults and adolescents have attended adult literacy classes.
Refugees involved in different types of anti- social and criminal activities like smuggling, prostitution, and underground politics activities in Bangladesh. Bangladesh‟s Minister of Food and Disasters Management Abdul Razzaq blamed western countries for „keeping the problem alive‟. He also told reporters „This is not possible for a poor country like Bangladesh to increase support to the Rohingya as keeping the problem solve‟.
1.To provide them with adequate protection, access to livelihood and other basic services. 2.The U.S government, together with other recipient countries should initiate large-scale resettlement programs Rohingya refugees. 3.To immediately cease arrests, push-backs and forced displacement of the unregistered Rohingya population in Cox‟s Bazar and Bandarban Districts
The Myanmar‟s President gave assurance to Bangladesh‟s President to back the Rohingya refugees from Bangladesh after verification by Myanmar‟s‟ authorities. Rohingya prefer to live in Bangladesh than Myanmar. But Bangladesh is no able to carry the burdens of Rohingya refugees. We have to wait to see what will be happen in future?