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The virtues of science march 18 2017 bz (1)

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Presentation by Badruzzaman bhai for MFGO Family Gathering

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The virtues of science march 18 2017 bz (1)

  1. 1. The Virtues of Science in the Holy Quran পিব কু রআেন িব ােনর ফ জলত
  2. 2. Science must increase our faith. It is wrong for anyone to close their eyes to what is right in front of them. For a Muslim the evidence of dinosaurs and fossils is not a threat to our beliefs. Rather, it is a confirmation of the power of Allah.
  3. 3. Scientific Identification … from Quran • The creation of the world and universe… • The creation of life • The evolution of humans • Human Senses and the Human Embryo • Brain Function • Arithmetic • Speed of Light • Food • … Scientific evidence from…anthropology, biology, medical science, geology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, and cosmology…
  4. 4. The Universe, Who is its Creator? and How this universe was created?
  5. 5. We cannot see the Wind, but we can feel the Wind … the Wind exists Humans’ senses cannot sense the existence of Allah, the creator of Universe!!
  6. 6. We cannot see electricity, but electricity exist. (what you can see is the wire, bulb, light etc.)
  7. 7. How many molecular things like a nucleus (hair divided in millions) that cannot be seen by people, yet exist?
  8. 8. Very recently, scientists have been able to take picture of atoms by using a powerful microscope. A particle with the size ~ 6 x 12 nm where white spots are the ATOMS
  9. 9. The human ability to see colours is limited to certain frequencies. People can only hear limited frequencies as well
  10. 10. These things exist, yet humans’ senses are very limited, so we cannot sense their existence. Scientists are developing techniques to understand their existence…
  11. 11. In the Quran Allah explains that He is the creator of Heaven, Stars, the Sun, the Moon, and others: Surat Al-Furqan, verse 61 ‫ﱠ‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ج‬ ۡ‫و‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ب‬ ِ‫ء‬ٓ‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬ ۡ‫ِى‬‫ذ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ال‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ـر‬ٰ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ِ‫ن‬‫ﱡ‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ج‬ ٰ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ۡ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬‫ا‬ً‫ر‬ۡ‫ي‬ Most blessed is He Who set a constellation in the heavens, and placed in it a great lamp and a shining moon.
  12. 12. Surah Ar-Ra‘d – Verse 2 َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬ ٍ‫د‬َ‫م‬َ‫ع‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫ي‬َ‫غ‬ِ‫ب‬ ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬ َ‫او‬َ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ ‫ﱠ‬ِ‫ش‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ ْ‫و‬ ُ‫م‬ ٍ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ﻷ‬ ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫ي‬ ‫ﱞ‬‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ َ‫ر‬‫ﱠ‬‫خ‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ـ‬ّ‫ص‬َ‫ف‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ر‬ِ‫ـ‬ّ‫ب‬َ‫د‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ّ‫م‬َ‫س‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫ق‬‫و‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ـ‬ّ‫ب‬ َ‫ر‬ ِ‫آء‬َ‫ق‬ِ‫ل‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ﱠ‬‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬ ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars which you (can) see, then He established Himself on ‘Arsh (the Throne of authority) and subjected the sun and the moon, each one runs unto an appointed term.
  13. 13. Surah Al-Waqi`ah – Verse 63 - 64 ‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ء‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ء‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ون‬ُ‫ث‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ And have you seen that [seed] which you cultivate? ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ر‬ ٰ‫ﱠ‬‫ٱلز‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫َح‬‫ن‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬ ٓ‫ۥ‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬َ‫ر‬ ْ‫ز‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ء‬َ‫ون‬ Is it you who makes it grow, or are We the grower?
  14. 14. Surah Al-Waqi`ah – Verse 68 - 69 َ‫ون‬ُ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ٱل‬ َ‫ء‬ٓ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ٱل‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ء‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ And have you seen the water that you drink? ُ‫ن‬ْ‫َح‬‫ن‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬ ِ‫ن‬ ْ‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ٱل‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫نز‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ء‬َ‫ون‬ُ‫ل‬ ِ‫نز‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ٱل‬ Is it you who brought it down from the clouds, or is it We who bring it down?
  15. 15. Surah Al-Waqi`ah – Verse 71 - 72 َ‫ون‬ُ‫ور‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ت‬‫ﱠ‬‫ٱل‬ َ‫ار‬‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬‫ٱل‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ء‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ And have you seen the fire that you ignite? ‫ٱ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫َح‬‫ن‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬ ٓ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ج‬َ‫ش‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫َأ‬‫ش‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ء‬َ‫ون‬‫ـ‬ِ‫ش‬‫ن‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬ Is it you who produced its tree, or are We the producer?
  16. 16. People who think and study a lot about universe will believe that there is an ALLAH (The Creator of the Universe)
  17. 17. How this universe was created?
  18. 18. ِ‫ع‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫َل‬‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ﱠ‬‫الل‬ ُ‫ئ‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫ْف‬‫ي‬َ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫د‬‫ي‬ٌ‫ير‬ِ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ﱠ‬‫الل‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬َٰ‫ذ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ۚ◌ Do they not see how Allah originates/begins the Creation, then repeats it? That is easy for Allah (to do) (19). ْ‫ال‬ َ‫أ‬َ‫د‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫ْف‬‫ي‬َ‫ك‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ظ‬‫ان‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ض‬ ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اﻷ‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫س‬ ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫َل‬‫خ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ئ‬ِ‫ش‬‫ن‬ُ‫ي‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ﱠ‬‫الل‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ ۚ◌َ‫ة‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫ش‬‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫خ‬ ْ‫اﻵ‬ٌ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ ٍ‫ء‬ْ‫َي‬‫ش‬ ِّ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ ٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ﱠ‬‫الل‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ۚ◌ Say: “Travel through the Earth and see how He originated/ began the Creation. Then, Allah makes the latter Creation. Allah is capable of (doing) everything” (20). Al-Ankaboot, 19 - 20
  19. 19. Surah Al-Anbiya 30 َ‫و‬ ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬ َ‫او‬َ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ك‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ال‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ف‬ ً‫ا‬‫ق‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬ َ‫ض‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ا‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬ ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫ﻼ‬َ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ ٍّ‫ي‬َ‫ح‬ ٍ‫ء‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ش‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫اء‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ Have not those who disbelieve seen (known) that the heavens and the Earth were of one connected entity, then We splintered (separated) them, and We made every living thing out of water? Will they not then believe? Did not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece? Then We parted them? And We have created every living thing from water. Will they not then believe?
  20. 20. Interpretation/Commentary -1: Ref: An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur'an vol. 10 This universe had been in the form of a single great unit of blazing vapour that, as a result of some different inward explosions and movements, it gradually divided into parts and the stars and planets, including the solar system and the earth, and the universe is still expanding… – blazing vapor – ল েল smoke, intense, heated, violent
  21. 21. Interpretation/Commentary -2: The purpose of this joining is the monotony of the substances of the universe, so that all of them were gathered in one another and formed a single matter. But, as the time passed, the substances separated from each other, and formulated new substances (some new compounds appeared). Thus, many kinds of plants, animals, and other creatures existed in the heaven and the earth. These beings are in a condition that each of them has a special system and some effects and properties particular to itself. Every one of them is a sign for the infinite Knowledge, the Glory and the Might of Allah
  22. 22. Interpretation/Commentary -3: At the beginning, the heaven/sky was closed in the sense that at first it did not rain, and the earth was closed in the sense that it did not grow any vegetation, then Allah opened the heaven/sky, and its stated to rain and opened the earth to grow plants.
  23. 23. Interpretation/Commentary -1: This world had been in the form of a single great unit of blazing vapor that, as a result of some different inward explosions and movements, it gradually divided into parts and the stars and planets, including the solar system and the earth, and the universe is still expanding. – blazing vapor – ল েল smoke, intense, heated, violent
  24. 24. َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬ ٌ‫َان‬‫خ‬ُ‫د‬ َ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫اء‬َ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ٰ‫ى‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ع‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ئ‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ض‬ ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫ﻸ‬ِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ع‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ه‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫ك‬ Then, He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, "Come (into being), willingly or by compulsion." They said, "We have come willingly“ Then He rose over towards the heaven when it was smoke and said unto it and unto the earth “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly [and take shape].” They both said: “We come willingly [took shape].” Surah Fussilat, verse 11
  25. 25. Allah, praise to Him, tells us that He built the heavens, which are continuously expanding, as stated in “Surah Al- Dhariyat, 51: 47” ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ٍ۬‫د‬ْ‫ي‬ۡ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ٰ‫ـ‬َ‫ن‬ۡ‫َي‬‫ن‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫ء‬ٓ‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ﱠ‬‫س‬‫ٱل‬ َ‫و‬‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫س‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫ﱠ‬‫ن‬ We have built the heaven with (the power of Our) hands, and We are expanding (it). Surah Al-Dhariyat, 47
  26. 26. Scientific Statement … The common origin of all the space and matter The violent separation that created all the matter in the Universe. Statement from Surah Al-Anbiya 30 … Have not those who disbelieve (known) that  the heavens and the earth were both joined  then we splintered them apart
  27. 27. Everything that was there must have been compressed into one inconceivably dense point. Something happened, triggering the most enormous explosion that ever happened in the universe.
  28. 28. In 1927, a Belgian cosmologist and a Catholic priest… GEORGES LEMAITRE proposed a theory…known as Big Bang theory This theory is basically an effort to explain what happened at the very beginning of our universe… This theory indicates that in the past, these elements were closer than today, so if we go in the back time, all the matter was together at one point. This point is called singularity…. It is the model that describes the early discovery of universe.
  29. 29. Scientific proof – support of the Big Bang theory…. 1. The Big Bang happened 13.7 billion years ago. 2. The universe started to expand from one spot. 3. Space and time were created in the Big Bang. 4. All the planets and stars are moving away from each other. 5. Edwin Hubble observed universal expansion. 6. As the universe expanded, more matter was created. 7. Isotopes of hydrogen, helium and lithium are abundant in universe. 8. Scientists discovered that the Earth receives microwave radiation from all directions.
  30. 30. More than 13 billion years, there was nothing: • no matter, • no energy, • no space… Scientists needed a way to explain that • how everything began? • Where it came from? • What happened? Although there are several theories about the origin of the universe, the Big Bang theory is prevalent one because no other model is as good at explaining everything in the universe. The Big Bang theory is not perfect, but it is the best we have got.
  31. 31. How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that the heavens were smoke at the beginning (as a result of the explosion which splintered them)? How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known about the expansion of the universe?

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