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Current status of the Muslim world

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Current status of the Muslim world

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Current status of the Muslim world

  1. 1. CurrentStatus of the MuslimWorld Syed Sajjadur Rahman 14 April 2019
  2. 2. How Many MuslimsAre There? – 2015 - 1.8 billion -24.1% ofWorld Population -Asia-Pacific 62% -South Asia33% -SoutheastAsia13% -MENA 23% -Sub-SaharanAfrica 15% Source:PewCentre
  3. 3. Projected Muslim Population in 2050 - 2.76billion -29.7% ofworld population -AsiaPacific 53% -Sub-SaharanAfrica 24% -MENA 20% -India172 Million (2011) Source:PewCentre Top 10 countries with the largest Muslim Populations 2010-2050 2010 (Mn.) % of world popn. 2050 (Mn) % of world Popn. 1 Indonesia 209.12 13.1 1 India 310.6 11.2 2 India 176.2 11.0 2 Pakistan 273.1 9.9 3 Pakistan 167.4 10.5 3 Indonesia 256.8 9.3 4 Bangladesh 134.43 8.4 4 Nigeria 230.7 8.4 5 Nigeria 77.3 4.8 5 Bangladesh 182.4 6.6 6 Egypt 77.0 4.8 6 Egypt 119.5 4.3 7 Iran 73.6 4.6 7 Turkey 89.3 3.2 8 Turkey 71.3 45 8 Iran 86.2 3.1 9 Algeria 34.7 2.2 9 Iraq 80.2 2.9 10 Morocco 31.9 2.0 10 Afghanistan 72.2 2.6
  4. 4. - Islam has the second largest following among religions (24.2%) following Christianity (31%) - By 2060, Islam will become the biggest.  Muslim Fertility Rates are higher  especially in Sub-Saharan Africa Africa (5.6%)  Asia-Pacific Rates are low (Bangladesh 1.1%)  Relatively young population (Sub-Saharan Africa, MENA) Source: Pew Centre
  5. 5. Economy Of the 57 member countries of IsDB, - 40 are middle- income countries or more - Low-income countries are mostly inAfrica. Country Classification Africa and Latin America (22) Asia (10) Middle-East &North Africa (MENA), and Europe (25) * Low Income Countries (LICs): 15 Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Gambia,Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Sierra Leone, Somalia,Togo, Uganda (13) Tajikistan (1) Afghanistan (1) Lower Middle- Income Countries (LMICs): 18 Cameroon, Comoros, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Nigeria, Senegal (6) Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan (4) Algeria, Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco, Pakistan, Sudan,Tunisia,Yemen (8) Upper Middle- Income Countries (UMICs): 15 Gabon,Guyana, Suriname (3) Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Maldives,Turkmenistan (4) Albania,Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya,Turkey (8) High Income Countries (HICs): 7 Brunei (1) Bahrain, Kuwait,Oman, Qatar, SaudiArabia, UAE (6) Source: World Development Indicators, 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ny.gdp.pcap.cd). *Data for 2017 for Syria and Palestine were not available.
  6. 6. Social - Increasing Urban poverty - Basic social indicators vary by regions, but are often poor  Human Development Index low in Africa, medium in South Asia and relatively high in Southeast Asia and the Middle-East  Gender equality remains a problem  Urban poverty has increased from 10.9% in 2013 to 23.8%.  Maternal and under 5 mortality rates remain high  Spending in education and health remain low.  Youth unemployment is a major issue Source: UNHDR
  7. 7.  Conflict and Fragility  Fragile State Indicators 2018 “heatmap” – concentration of fragile and conflict areas in the Muslim world (Africa and MENA)  - 7 out of 10 most fragile countries  Internal and External Conflicts  - the role of control over oil supplies  - sectarian conflicts  - Historical enmities

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