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This person was a Chinese teacher, editor,politician, and philosopher of the Spring andAutumn Period of Chinese history who lived between the years 551–479 BCE. His philosophy emphasized personal andgovernmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His works influenced European thinkers ofthe Deists and other philosophical groups of the Enlightenment
This person took a prominent part in familiarizing Europe with the idea of national systems of education,covering the whole field fromthe teaching of infants to the instruction given in universities.
This period is characterized in Europe by philosophers who presented unified systems of epistemology, metaphysics, logic, ethics,politics and physical science. It is also known as the Age of Rationalism.
This English physicist and mathematician is as one ofthe most influential scientistsof all time. He is key figure in the scientific revolution. He also built the first practical reflecting telescope
In 1805, he developed the method, which states “Instead of dealing with words, he argued, childrenshould learn through activity and through things. They should be free to pursuetheir own interests and draw their own conclusions.”
This term comes from the Greek which means “to lead the child”.An instructor develops conceptual knowledge and manages the content of learning activities.The learner requires assistance to develop prior knowledge and integrate new knowledge using verbal/linguistic andlogical/mathematical intelligences.
SourcesA. Green, Education and State Formation: The Rise of Education Systems in England, France and the USA.Macmillan, 1990Chin, Ann-ping (2007). The authentic Confucius: A life of thought and politics. New York: Scribner. ISBN9780743246187.Cowan, Brian, 2005. "Social life of Coffee: The Emergence of the British Coffeehouse". New Haven:YaleUniversity Press.Encyclopædia Britannica, "Education," in "Encyclopædia Britannica Online"http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/179408/education.Freinet, C. (1993) Education Through Work: a model for child-centered learning; translated by John Sivell.Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press ISBN 0-7734-9303-4 ISBN 9780773493032Knowles, Malcolm; Holton, E. F., III; Swanson, R. A. (2005). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adulteducation and human resource development (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier.Thomas Kirby Bullock, “Schools and Schooling in Eighteenth-Century Virginia” (Ed.D. diss., Duke University,1961), p. 20.Vassilieva, J. (2010). "Russian psychology at the turn of the 21st century and post-Soviet reforms in thehumanities disciplines". History of Psychology 13 (2): 138–159. doi:10.1037/a0019270.Westfall, Richard S. (1983) . Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press. pp. 530–1. ISBN 978-0-521-27435-7.