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“Can I actually use it?”
Testing open textbooks for
accessibility
• Tara Robertson and Kendra Levine
• September 10, 2015
...
CAPER-BC
What are Open Textbooks?
A textbook licensed under an open
copyright license, and made available
online to be freely used ...
What are Open Textbooks?
A textbook licensed under an open
copyright license, and made available
online to be freely used ...
http://mjperry.blogspot.ca/2010/10/end-of-textbook-as-we-know-it.html
.
65% students have
not purchased a
textbook for a course
during their academic
career because of
price
Source: Fixing the B...
“My textbook is…
…back-ordered
…in the mail
…out of stock
…the wrong edition
…on hold until my student loan arrives
…not n...
BC Open
Textbook
Project
Goals of BC Open Textbook Project
1. To increase access to higher education
by reducing student costs
2. To enable faculty...
open.bccampus.ca
The Project
Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released
un...
New Creations
Publish Many
Write Once
Results
Year Faculty Sections Students Savings
2013 12 18 553 $55,300 - $84,560
2014 42 78 2630 $263,000 - $367,896
2015
(...
User testing
Timeline
• Mid-November – contacted Disability Service departments to
recruit students
• December 19 –sent testing instruc...
Testing open textbooks
One chapter from each of the following:
• English Literature
• Introduction to Psychology
• Introdu...
Feedback form
For each chapter:
• Content questions
• Feedback on specific items – navigation, layout, text flow, tables,
...
Video of Zoom Text
https://youtu.be/P4OUC5J9Cto
Accessibility
Toolkit
Accessibility Toolkit
http://opentextbc.ca/accessibilitytoolkit/
Accessibility Toolkit
Key Concepts
1. Universal Design for Learning
2. User Personas
Best Practices
1. Organizing Content
...
Best practices chapters
• Introduction & context for each content type
“File types include..” and “Before you begin…”
• Wh...
Next Steps
Includes:
• Incorporating Toolkit into development process for all new Open
Textbook creators
• French translat...
Takeaways
1. User testing is invaluable
2. Include people with disabilities in user testing
3. Learn more about universal ...
Thank you
• Amanda Coolidge (BCcampus) and Sue Doner (Camosun
College)
• Student testers: Laura Bulk, Mila Cherny, Charmai...
Track listing
1. Willbe, “Introduced Beats”
2. Jared C. Blaogh, “Proven Groove”
3. Wake, “Glytch Funk”
4. Podington Bear, ...
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“Can I actually use it?” Testing open textbooks for accessibility

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Presentation slides for Access conference September 10, 2015. Live soundtrack provided by Kendra Levine.

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“Can I actually use it?” Testing open textbooks for accessibility

  1. 1. “Can I actually use it?” Testing open textbooks for accessibility • Tara Robertson and Kendra Levine • September 10, 2015 @tararobertson @tranlib
  2. 2. CAPER-BC
  3. 3. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online and electronic versions, or as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  4. 4. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  5. 5. http://mjperry.blogspot.ca/2010/10/end-of-textbook-as-we-know-it.html .
  6. 6. 65% students have not purchased a textbook for a course during their academic career because of price Source: Fixing the Broken Textbook Market U.S. PIRG Cover image: Center for Public Interest Research used under CC-BY 4.0 license
  7. 7. “My textbook is… …back-ordered …in the mail …out of stock …the wrong edition …on hold until my student loan arrives …not needed until I decide I want this course” How often do students start the term without the resources they need?
  8. 8. BC Open Textbook Project
  9. 9. Goals of BC Open Textbook Project 1. To increase access to higher education by reducing student costs 2. To enable faculty more control over their instructional resources 3. To move the open agenda forward in a meaningful, measurable way
  10. 10. open.bccampus.ca
  11. 11. The Project Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released under CC-BY license
  12. 12. New Creations
  13. 13. Publish Many Write Once
  14. 14. Results Year Faculty Sections Students Savings 2013 12 18 553 $55,300 - $84,560 2014 42 78 2630 $263,000 - $367,896 2015 (Jan- September) 96 180 6006 $282,300 - $360,986 Total 87 169 5407 $600,600 - $822,622
  15. 15. User testing
  16. 16. Timeline • Mid-November – contacted Disability Service departments to recruit students • December 19 –sent testing instructions to students • January 19—received feedback forms from students • January 27—in person focus group • February 27 –published Accessibility Toolkit
  17. 17. Testing open textbooks One chapter from each of the following: • English Literature • Introduction to Psychology • Introduction to Sociology • British Columbia in a Global Context • Introductory Chemistry
  18. 18. Feedback form For each chapter: • Content questions • Feedback on specific items – navigation, layout, text flow, tables, font, images, links • Overall feedback
  19. 19. Video of Zoom Text https://youtu.be/P4OUC5J9Cto
  20. 20. Accessibility Toolkit
  21. 21. Accessibility Toolkit http://opentextbc.ca/accessibilitytoolkit/
  22. 22. Accessibility Toolkit Key Concepts 1. Universal Design for Learning 2. User Personas Best Practices 1. Organizing Content 2. Images 3. Tables 4. Weblinks 5. Multimedia 6. Formulas 7. Font size 8. Colour Contrast
  23. 23. Best practices chapters • Introduction & context for each content type “File types include..” and “Before you begin…” • Who are you doing this for? Persona example(s) + “this work supports students who…” • What do you need to do? Includes technical instructions, supporting examples (good & bad)
  24. 24. Next Steps Includes: • Incorporating Toolkit into development process for all new Open Textbook creators • French translation online by late October • Universal Design for Learning Community of Practice • Open Education conference in November • Second round of testing open trades modules with trades students with learning disabilities in January 2016
  25. 25. Takeaways 1. User testing is invaluable 2. Include people with disabilities in user testing 3. Learn more about universal design and design things better from the start
  26. 26. Thank you • Amanda Coolidge (BCcampus) and Sue Doner (Camosun College) • Student testers: Laura Bulk, Mila Cherny, Charmaine Co, Lauren Rubin, Shruti Shravah, Steven Woo, and Chazz Young • Brian Lamb and Dr. Jones
  27. 27. Track listing 1. Willbe, “Introduced Beats” 2. Jared C. Blaogh, “Proven Groove” 3. Wake, “Glytch Funk” 4. Podington Bear, ”Trundle” 5. Charlie Salas-Humara, “Sequence” 6. C. Scott, “Enjoyable to Know” 7. Niak, “Melody Maker” 8. Cory Gray, “Someone Kill JT” 9. Chapelle 59, “Funky Beat” 10. Bix Beiderbecker, “Black Bottom Stomp”

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